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Reed circa 1968
|Birth name||Jerry Reed Hubbard|
|Born||March 20, 1937|
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||September 1, 2008 (aged 71)|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
Jerry Reed Hubbard (March 20, 1937 – September 1, 2008) was an American country music singer, guitarist, composer, and songwriter, as well as an actor who appeared in more than a dozen films. His signature songs included "Guitar Man", "U.S. Male", "A Thing Called Love", "Alabama Wild Man", "Amos Moses", "When You're Hot, You're Hot" (which garnered a Grammy Award for Best Country Vocal Performance, Male), "Ko-Ko Joe", "Lord, Mr. Ford", "East Bound and Down" (the theme song for the 1977 film Smokey and the Bandit, in which Reed co-starred), "The Bird", and "She Got the Goldmine (I Got the Shaft)".
Reed was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum.
Reed was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the second child of Robert and Cynthia Hubbard. Reed's grandparents lived in Rockmart and he would visit them from time to time. He was quoted as saying as a small child while running around strumming his guitar, "I am gonna be a star. I'm gonna go to Nashville and be a star." Reed's parents separated four months after his birth, and he and his sister spent seven years in foster homes or orphanages. Reed was reunited with his mother and stepfather in 1944.
Reed graduated from O'Keefe High School, an Atlanta city school. The O'Keefe building still exists today, but was sold to Georgia Tech and is now part of its campus. By high school, Reed was already writing and singing music, having picked up the guitar as a child. At age 18, he was signed by publisher and record producer Bill Lowery to cut his first record, "If the Good Lord's Willing and the Creek Don't Rise".
At Capitol Records, Reed was promoted as a new "teen-age sensation" after recording his own rockabilly composition "When I Found You" in 1956. He recorded both country and rockabilly singles, and received notice as a songwriter when label mate Gene Vincent covered his song "Crazy Legs" in 1958.
By 1958, Bill Lowery signed Reed to his National Recording Corporation, and he recorded for NRC as both an artist and as a member of the staff band, which included other NRC artists Joe South and Ray Stevens.
Reed married Priscilla "Prissy" Mitchell in 1959. They had two daughters, Seidina Ann Hubbard, born April 2, 1960, and Charlotte Elaine (Lottie) Hubbard, born October 19, 1970. Mitchell was a member of folk group The Appalachians ("Bony Moronie", 1963), and was co-credited with Roy Drusky on the 1965 Country No. 1 "Yes, Mr. Peters".
In 1959, Reed hit the Billboard "Bubbling Under the Top 100", also known as the Roar and Cashbox Country chart with the single "Soldier's Joy". After serving two years in the United States Army, Reed moved to Nashville in 1961 to continue his songwriting career, which had continued to gather steam while he was in the Army, thanks to Brenda Lee's 1960 cover of his song "That's All You Got to Do". He also became a popular session and tour guitarist. In 1962, he scored some success with two singles "Goodnight Irene" (as by Jerry Reed & the Hully Girlies, featuring a female vocal group) and "Hully Gully Guitar", which found their way to Chet Atkins at RCA Victor, who produced Reed's 1965 "If I Don't Live Up to It".
Reed is particularly noted and respected by his musical contemporaries and the new generation alike for his unique and intricate picking technique, as seen in his composition "The Claw". As of December 2017, this highly challenging technique is both admired and attempted on numerous video instructional sites throughout YouTube by professionals and amateurs alike.
In July 1967, Reed had his best showing on the country charts (#53) with his self-penned "Guitar Man", which Elvis Presley soon covered. Reed's next single was "Tupelo Mississippi Flash", a comic tribute to Presley. Recorded on September 1, the song became his first Top 20 hit, going to No. 15 on the chart. Coincidentally, Presley came to Nashville to record nine days later on September 10, 1967, and one of the songs he became especially excited about was "Guitar Man".
Reed recalled how he was tracked down to play on the Presley session: "I was out on the Cumberland River fishing, and I got a call from Felton Jarvis (then Presley's producer at RCA Victor) He said, 'Elvis is down here. We've been trying to cut "Guitar Man" all day long. He wants it to sound like it sounded on your album.' I finally told him, 'Well, if you want it to sound like that, you're going have to get me in there to play guitar, because these guys [you're using in the studio] are straight pickers. I pick with my fingers and tune that guitar up all weird kind of ways.'"
Jarvis hired Reed to play on the session. "I hit that intro, and [Elvis's] face lit up and here we went. Then after he got through that, he cut [my] U.S. Male at the same session. I was toppin' cotton, son." Reed also played the guitar for Elvis Presley's "Big Boss Man" (1967), recorded in the same session.
On January 15 and 16, 1968, Reed worked on a second Presley session, during which he played guitar on a cover of Chuck Berry's "Too Much Monkey Business", "Stay Away", and "Goin' Home" (two songs revolving around Presley's film Stay Away, Joe), as well as another Reed composition, "U.S. Male" (Reed's quoted recollection of "U.S. Male" being recorded at the same session as "Guitar Man" being incorrect).
Johnny Cash would also release "A Thing Called Love" as a single in 1971, which would reach No. 2 on the Billboard Country Singles Chart for North America. It was also successful in Europe. It would become the title track for a studio album that he released the following spring.
After releasing the 1970 crossover hit "Amos Moses", a hybrid of rock, country, funk, and Cajun styles, which reached No. 8 on the U.S. pop charts, Reed teamed with Atkins for the duet LP Me & Jerry, which earned the pair the Grammy Award for Best Country Instrumental Performance. During the 1970 television season, he was a regular on The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, and in 1971, he issued his biggest hit, the chart-topper "When You're Hot, You're Hot", which is a story song, with the majority of the lyrics being talked out rather than sung. The song concerns the singer's near success shooting dice, a police raid, and a judge who is supposedly a fishing buddy of the singer, but who nevertheless sends him down the river for gambling. Aside from being a major crossover hit, "When You're Hot, You're Hot" earned Reed the Grammy Award for Best Country Vocal Performance, Male.
"When You're Hot, You're Hot" was the title track of Reed's first solo album, reaching No. 9 Pop and No. 6 on Billboard's Easy Listening charts. The singles from the album, "Amos Moses" and "When You're Hot, You're Hot" sold over 1 million copies, and were awarded gold discs by the RIAA The album also features songs such as Reed's version of "Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town" and John D. Loudermilk's free-wheeling song "Big Daddy (Alabami Bound)".
A second collaboration with Atkins, Me & Chet, followed in 1972, as did a series of Top 40 singles, which alternated between frenetic, straightforward country offerings and more pop-flavored, countrypolitan material. A year later, he scored his second number one single with "Lord, Mr. Ford" (written by Dick Feller), from the album of the same name.
Atkins, who frequently produced Reed's music, remarked that he had to encourage Reed to put instrumental numbers on his own albums, as Reed always considered himself more of a songwriter than a player. Atkins, however, thought Reed was a better fingerstyle player than he himself was; Reed, according to Atkins, helped him work out the fingerpicking for one of Atkins's biggest hits, "Yakety Sax". Reed, one of only five people to have the title of Certified Guitar Player (an award bestowed only to those who have completely mastered guitar), was given this title by Chet Atkins.
Reed was featured in animated form in a December 9, 1972, episode of Hanna–Barbera's The New Scooby-Doo Movies, "The Phantom of the Country Music Hall" (prod. No. 61-10). He sang and played the song "Pretty Mary Sunlight". The song is played throughout the episode as Scooby and the gang search for Reed's missing guitar.
In the mid-1970s, Reed's recording career began to take a back seat to his acting aspirations. In 1974, he co-starred with his close friend Burt Reynolds in the film W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings. While he continued to record throughout the decade, his greatest visibility was as a motion picture star, almost always in tandem with headliner Reynolds; after 1976's Gator, Reed appeared in 1978's High-Ballin' and 1979's Hot Stuff. He also co-starred in all three of the Smokey and the Bandit films; the first, which premiered in 1977, landed Reed a No. 2 hit with the soundtrack's "East Bound and Down".
In 1977, Reed joined entrepreneur Larry Schmittou and other country music stars, such as Conway Twitty, Cal Smith, Larry Gatlin, and Richard Sterban, as investors in the Nashville Sounds, a minor league baseball team of the Double-A Southern League that began play in 1978.
He made two guest appearances on the sitcom Alice, in 1978 and 1981.
When asked who he considered the best actor, Burt Reynolds credited Reed.
Reed also took a stab at hosting a TV variety show, filming two episodes of The Jerry Reed Show in 1976.
Scottish rockers The Sensational Alex Harvey Band released a version of "Amos Moses" in 1976.
In 1979, he released a record comprising both vocal and instrumental selections titled, appropriately enough, Half & Half. It was followed one year later by Jerry Reed Sings Jim Croce, a tribute to the late singer/songwriter. He also starred in a TV movie in that year entitled Concrete Cowboys.
1980s and 1990s
In January 1980, Reed began work on the "Guitar Man" re-recording being produced by Elvis's producer Felton Jarvis. With a new "hopped up" guitar line, and Elvis on lead vocals, Reed and the band gave the song an adrenaline punch that shot it straight to No. 1 on the country charts.
In 1982, Reed"s career as a singles artist was revitalized by the chart-topping hit "She Got the Goldmine (I Got the Shaft)", followed by "The Bird", which peaked at No. 2. His last chart hit, "I'm a Slave", appeared in 1983. That same year, he co-starred with Robin Williams and Walter Matthau in the Michael Ritchie comedy The Survivors. Reed guest-starred in the October 13, 1983, episode of Mama's Family, "The Return of Leonard Oates" (Episode 13, Season 2), as Naomi Harper's ex-husband.
After an unsuccessful 1986 LP, Lookin' at You, Reed focused on touring until 1992 when he and Atkins reunited for the album Sneakin' Around before he again returned to the road. In the meantime, Reed appeared in several interviews and commercial spots for Mid-South Wrestling.
He teamed up with country superstars Waylon Jennings, Mel Tillis, and Bobby Bare in the group Old Dogs. They recorded one album, in 1998, entitled Old Dogs, with songs written by Shel Silverstein (Reed sang lead on "Young Man's Job" and "Elvis Has Left The Building", the latter possibly in deference to Elvis helping launch his career).
In October 2004, "Amos Moses" was featured on the Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas soundtrack, playing on the fictional radio station K-Rose. In 2007, the U.K. band Alabama 3 (known as A3 in the U.S.) covered his hit "Amos Moses" on their album M.O.R..
Reed appeared as a guest on the fishing television series Bill Dance Outdoors. In one memorable appearance, Reed caught a particularly big largemouth bass and planned to have it preserved and mounted by a taxidermist. Host Bill Dance objected to this plan and freed the fish when Reed was not looking. Reed became enraged when he discovered what had happened and chased Dance off the boat and to shore. This incident was also mentioned in one of Jeff Foxworthy's stand-up comedy routines.
Personal life and death
Reed died in Nashville, Tennessee, on September 1, 2008, of complications from emphysema at the age of 71. One week later, during their debut at the Grand Ole Opry, Canadian country rock group The Road Hammers performed "East Bound and Down" as a tribute. In a tribute in Vintage Guitar Magazine, Rich Kienzle wrote that "Reed set a standard that inspires fingerstyle players the way Merle and Chet inspired him." He was survived by Mitchell and their two daughters. Mitchell died following a short illness on September 24, 2014, at the age of 73.
Reed was a smoker for many years. Thom Bresh, son of Merle Travis and a close friend of Reed's, produced a 1990s video with Reed acting out his desire to quit smoking the addictive cigarettes ("Jerry Reed - Another Puff") that serves as a public service video from Reed himself on the dangers of smoking cigarettes.
- 1971 Best Country Instrumental Performance - with Chet Atkins for Me & Jerry
- 1972 Best Country Vocal Performance, Male - When You're Hot, You're Hot
- 1993 Best Country Instrumental Performance - with Chet Atkins for Sneakin' Around
|1972||The New Scooby-Doo Movies||Himself (voice)||Episode: "The Phantom of the Country Music Hall"|
|1975||W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings||Wayne||Feature film|
|1976||Gator||"Bama" McCall||Feature film|
|1977||Nashville 99||Det. Trace Mayne||Main cast (4 episodes)|
|1977||Smokey and the Bandit||Cledus Snow ("the Snowman")||Feature film|
|1978||High-Ballin'||Iron Duke Boykin||Feature film|
|1978||Alice||Himself (guest star)||Episode: "The Star in the Storeroom"|
|1979||Hot Stuff||Doug von Horne||Feature film|
|1979||Concrete Cowboys||J.D. Reed||Television film|
|1980||Smokey and the Bandit II||Cledus Snow ("the Snowman")||Feature film|
|1981||Alice||Himself (guest star)||Episode: "The Jerry Reed Fish Story"|
|1981||Concrete Cowboys||J.D. Reed||Main cast (7 episodes)|
|1983||The Survivors||Jack Locke||Feature film|
|1983||Smokey and the Bandit Part 3||Cledus Snow ("the Snowman") / "the Bandit"||Feature film|
|1983||Mama's Family||Leonard Oates||Episode: "The Return of Leonard Oates"|
|1983||Stroker Ace||Himself (end credit outtakes)||Uncredited|
|1985||What Comes Around||Joe Hawkins||Feature film (also director)|
|1987||Dolly||Willie Jeffcoat||Episode #1.8|
|1988||Bat*21||Col. George Walker||Feature film (also executive producer)|
|1990||B.L. Stryker||Bill||Episode: "Plates"|
|1994||Evening Shade||Calvin||Episode: "Educating Calvin"|
|1998||The Waterboy||Coach Red Beaulieu||Feature film (final film role)|
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- "Obituary: Jerry Reed". The Guardian. September 4, 2008. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Jesse Dayton: Live From The Divide "[All the influences are there; the George Jones-inspired singing on "Changin' My Ways," the Outlaw country twang of Waylon and Jerry Reed on "Belly of the Beast"...]
- "10 Best Country Truck Driving Songs of All Time". Wide Open Country. June 27, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Wadey, Paul (September 4, 2008). "Jerry Reed: Actor and country singer". The Independent. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
- Turning Points in Rock and Roll By Hank Bordowitz Page 57
- Blackett, Matt (November 30, 2008). "Tribute: Jerry Reed". Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Jerry Reed: The Rockabilly Hall of Fame
- Watts, Cindy. "Alan Jackson, Jerry Reed, Don Schlitz tapped for Country Music Hall of Fame".
- on YouTube
- "'Bandit' star Reed dies at 71". The Tennessean. September 2, 2008.
- Ernst Jorgensen, Elvis Presley: A Life in Music (St. Martin's Press, 1998), pp. 234–236
- Jorgensen, pp. 241–242
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 285 & 301. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: R". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 10, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Woody, Larry (1996), Schmittou: A Grand Slam in Baseball, Business, And Life, Nashville: Eggmann Publishing Company, pp. 64–65, ISBN 1886371334
- Cartwright, Garth (September 3, 2008). "Jerry Reed". The Guardian.
- "The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions". Answers. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
- Friskics-Warren, Bill (September 2, 2008). "Jerry Reed, Country Singer and Actor, Dies at 71". The New York Times. p. A23.
- Oermann, Robert K. (September 29, 2014). "LifeNotes: Singer Priscilla Mitchell Passes". MusicRow. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- "'Bandit' star Reed dies at 71". CNN. September 2, 2008. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008.
- on YouTube
- Goldsmith, Thomas (1998). "Jerry Reed". In Kingsbury, Paul (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 433–4. ISBN 978-0195116717.
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