Jasenovský hrad (in Slovak)
|Alternative names||Hrad Jasenov, Jeszenő (v��ra), castrum Jezenew (1330), castrum Jesenv (1442), etc.|
|Type||Ruined castle, Hilltop castle, Seat of noble family|
|Elevation||ca 392 m (1286.08 ft) ASL|
|Construction started||Late 13th century|
|Owner||Municipality of Jasenov (legal owner) |
Združenie na záchranu Jasenovského hradu (caretaker association)
Jasenov Castle (Slovak Jasenovský hrad, Hungarian Jeszenő vára) is a ruined Gothic and Renaissance era stone castle above the village of Jasenov in Humenné District, Prešov Region, in east Slovakia. It is a hilltop castle located on a fairly steep, roughly cone-shaped hill with a limestone bedrock, in an altitude of approximately 392 m (1286.08 ft) above sea level. The eponymous village at the foot of the castle hill was founded as an adjoined castle settlement, similarly to several other villages in the region. Jasenov and Jasenov Castle lie in the traditional region of Zemplín. The castle is listed in the National Cultural Heritage list of the Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic.
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The beginnings of the stone castle date back to the second half of the 13th century. Jasenov is unique among the larger castles of the Upper Zemplín county (and region) due to being founded as a seat of a noble family from the beginning, rather than a castle founded by royal initiative. The original construction of the castle was begun by the Petény (Peteň, Pečeň) noble family in the late 1200s and led to the erection of the castle's keep and the original, core defensive perimeter.
In the 1310s, the castle was donated, along with the town of Humenné, the nearby Brekov Castle and the surrounding manors to the Drugeth family by Charles I. of Hungary. The Drugeth family retained ownership of the castle until its demise in 1644, when it was destroyed by one of the armies of George I. Rákoczi, during one of the period's anti-Habsburg uprisings.  
Jasenov Castle had mostly been untouched by conservation efforts since it became a ruin in the 17th century (much like other ruined or smaller castles in Slovakia). The first attempt at a larger conservation and reconstruction effort occurred during the 1900s and early 1910s. Gejza Andrássy, the then head of the Humenné branch of the Andrássy family, invested in resources and hired workmen and began work on reconstructing certain crumbling parts of the castle. The effort produced some favourable results in the area of the main outer gatehouse (remnants of these repairs are still visible today) and also led to the re-roofing of the original keep's tower and the outer gatehouse's northwest bastion. Period photographs and postcards of the castle dating from the 1910s to roughly the 1960s are easily recognisable by the presence of the restored roofs. All conservation works on Jasenov Castle were halted by World War I, due to economic reasons and the fact that the town of Humenné became part of the front line in late autumn 1914 and suffered major damage. In the post-war years, the original efforts were not continued. By the late 1960s and early 1970s, all remnants of the restored roofs had rotted away and collapsed, due to decades of neglect.
A concerted and systematic effort at new archaeological research and ruin conservation works on the castle was launched only recently, at the start of the 2010s. The castle is currently administered by the local historical association Združenie na záchranu Jasenovského hradu (ZNZJH, "Association for the Salvaging of Jasenov Castle"), crewed with professional archaeologists, historians, architects and masonry experts, as well as local and regional volunteers. The administration, research and conservation works of the association are conducted in official cooperation with the Jasenov municipality and the regional branch of the Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic. Research and conservation efforts have been ongoing since 2011 and have focused on clearing the castle hill of excess vegetation, archaeological research, and the gradual masonry conservation of the most affected parts of the ruin. The association also cooperates with local museums, the sister association on nearby Brekov Castle and with the Nadácia pre záchranu kultúrneho dedičstva ("Foundation for Salvaging Cultural Heritage").
- List of castles in Slovakia
- Brekov Castle - A nearby, slightly older sister castle, part of the historical Humenné Manor of the Drugeth family, along with Jasenov Castle.
- "The Jasenov Castle / Hrad Jasenov". Slovakia.travel/en (English version of Slovakia.travel). Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Slovak Castles : Jasenov (Castle Ruin)". castles.sk (English version of hrady.sk). Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Registry of unmovable National Cultural Heritage - Jasenov (Humenné district, Prešov region)". Pamiatky.sk (Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic). Retrieved 17 December 2018.
- "Slovak Castles : Jasenov (Castle Ruin) - includes historical and layout information and photogallery". castles.sk (English version of hrady.sk). Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Hrad Jasenov (in Slovak) - includes historical and layout information and an extensive photogallery". Pamiatky.net database. Retrieved 2014-12-30.
- "Article on the history of Humenné and Upper Zemplín that mentions the Andrássy reconstruction attempt from the 1900s" (PDF). www.muzeumhumenne.sk. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Article on the municipal website of Jasenov that mentions the Andrássy reconstruction attempt from the 1900s". www.muzeumhumenne.sk. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "2013 news article on the proceeding conservation of the castle". Korzar.sme.sk. 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Official website of the association Združenie na záchranu Jasenovského hradu". Zachranahradu.wix.com. Archived from the original on 2015-04-07. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Official English language website of the Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic". 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Article on Jasenov Castle and conservation works at the Obnova.sk monuments care database". Obnova.sk. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "Official Facebook page of Združenie na záchranu Jasenovského hradu (with photogalleries)". Brekov.eu. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "2011 news article on the ongoing preparatory clean-up work for the conservation effort". Korzar.sme.sk. 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "2013 news article on the continuing restoration works at the castle (the first in a century)". Teraz.sk. 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
- "2014 news article on the opening of a new season of restoration works on the castle". Korzar.sme.sk. 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
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