The original and old Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind was formed in British India in 1919. After the death of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani in 1949, his close associate Zafar Ahmad Usmani was selected to replace him as head or Amir of JUI. Then Mufti Mahmud became Amir of this party in 1962 and remained its head until his death in 1980.
After the death of Mufti Mahmud, the group was further divided during Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq regime, namely Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S) supporting Jihadism and totalitarian state whereas Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) supporting movement for restoration of democracy in Pakistan.
Following were its breakaway factions:
- Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) – headed by Fazal-ur-Rehman
- Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S) – headed by Sami-ul-Haq
- Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati
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