James Sidney Robinson
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Ohio's 9th district
March 4, 1881 – January 12, 1885
|Preceded by||George L. Converse|
|Succeeded by||William C. Cooper|
|24th Ohio Secretary of State|
January 12, 1885 – January 14, 1889
Joseph B. Foraker
|Preceded by||James W. Newman|
|Succeeded by||Daniel J. Ryan|
|Born||October 14, 1827|
|Died||January 14, 1892 (aged 64)|
|Resting place||Grove Cemetery, Kenton, Ohio|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1861–1865|
|Unit||Army of the Cumberland|
|Commands||Robinson's Brigade, XX Corps|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James S. Robinson.|
Early life and career
Born near Mansfield, Ohio, Robinson attended the common schools. As a young man, he acquired the art of printing. He moved to Kenton, Ohio, on December 31, 1845. Entering the newspaper business, he edited and published the Kenton Republican. He was the Chief Clerk of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1856.
Civil War service
At the beginning of the Civil War, he enlisted in the 4th Ohio Infantry on April 17, 1861, and was soon made a captain. He took part in the operations at Rich Mountain in western Virginia and then was promoted to the rank of major in October 1861. He served under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont in the Shenandoah Valley, and became a lieutenant colonel in April and colonel of the 82nd Ohio Infantry in August 1862. He was engaged at the Cedar Mountain, the Second Battle of Bull Run, and Chancellorsville in XI Corps.
After a lengthy recuperation period, Robinson commanded a brigade under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker and then under Maj. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams in XX Corps. He participated in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign and later in Sherman's March to the Sea. During the Carolinas Campaign, he fought at the Battle of Bentonville. Robinson was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers on January 12, 1865. General Robinson was mustered out of the army on August 31, 1865. On July 9, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Robinson for appointment to the grade of brevet major general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865 and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866.
After the war, Robinson returned to Ohio and resumed his civilian career. He served as chairman of the Republican State Executive Committee of Ohio 1877-1879. In January 1880, he was appointed as a commissioner of railroads and telegraphs for the state. Robinson was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses and served from March 4, 1881 to January 12, 1885, when he resigned. He then served as the Secretary of State of Ohio from 1885-1889.
James S. Robinson died in Kenton, Ohio, on January 14, 1892. He was interred there in Grove Cemetery.
- List of American Civil War generals (Union)
- List of Ohio's American Civil War generals
- Ohio in the American Civil War
- Captain Charles Saalmann (Robinson's Commissary of Subsistence during the Atlanta, Savannah, and Carolinas Campaigns)
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1891). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- Vautier, John D., History of the Eighty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1894), p. 141.
- Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001), Civil War High Commands, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 714, ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1
- Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001), Civil War High Commands, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1
- Reid, Whitelaw (1895). "James S. Robinson". Ohio in the War Her Statesmen Generals and Soldiers. 1. Cincinnati: The Robert Clarke Company. p. 857.
- United States Congress. "James S. Robinson (id: R000339)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-11-01
|U.S. House of Representatives|
George L. Converse
| United States Representative from Ohio's 9th congressional district
William C. Cooper
James W. Newman
| Secretary of State of Ohio
Daniel J. Ryan
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.