James P. Clarke (1807/08–1877) was a Canadian organist, conductor and composer. He was the first person to receive a Bachelor's degree in music in North America. He is best known for his work Lays of the Maple Leaf (1853) and for leading several of Toronto's earliest musical organizations.
Clarke was the first conductor of the Toronto Choral Society, which was founded in 1845. He was a composer of choral music; a collection of his songs about the Canadian landscape, Lays of the Maple Leaf, was published in 1853 by A. & S. Nordheimer.
Clarke constructed a new kind of organ for which the pipes were made of glass.
Clarke taught organ and piano; one of his pupils was his son Hugh, who became a Professor of Music at the University of Pennsylvania.
- Lays of the Maple Leaf (1853)
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