Early years and education
Meriwether was born near Washington, Georgia, wilkes County in 1789. He attended the common schools, and graduated from the University of Georgia in Athens with a Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) degree in 1807 and was a tutor at the University for a year.
Career in law and military service
After studying law in Elberton, Georgia and gaining admittance to the state bar, he practiced law for a short time and then focused on farming. From 1811 to 1813, he was judge of the inferior court of Clarke County, Georgia. In 1813, Meriwether fought in the Creek War under the command of General John Floyd. Meriwether served as a trustee of UGA from 1816 until 1831.
From 1821 to 1823, Meriwether served in the Georgia House of Representatives representing Clarke County. President James Monroe appointed Meriwether as a commissioner to negotiate with the Creek in 1823. In 1824, he was elected as a Jacksonian Representative to the 19th United States Congress and served one term from March 4, 1825 until March 3, 1827, as he did not seek reelection in 1826.
- American Political Leaders 1789-2009. CQ Press. 22 September 2009. p. 196. ISBN 978-1-4522-6726-5.
- "James Meriwether". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- Thomas Reed. The History of the University of Georgia. University of Georgia. p. 138. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- History of the University of Georgia, Thomas Walter Reed, Imprint: Athens, Georgia : University of Georgia, ca. 1949, pp.135,138
- Meriwether, James. "[Letter] 1824 Dec. 14, Princeton, [Georgia] near Broken Arrow [to] G[eorge] M. Troup, [Governor of Georgia], Milledgeville / Duncan Campbell [and] Ja[me]s Meriwether, U.S. Commis[ione]rs". Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries, Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- James Meriwether at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Richard Henry Wilde
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's at-large congressional district
March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1827