James I. Roosevelt
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 3rd district
March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843
|Preceded by||Moses H. Grinnell|
|Succeeded by||Jonas P. Phoenix|
|Member of the New York State Assembly|
from the New York district
January 1, 1840 – December 31, 1840
January 1, 1835 – December 31, 1835
James John Roosevelt
December 14, 1795
New York City, New York
|Died||April 5, 1875 (aged 79)|
New York City, New York
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Cornelia Van Ness|
|Parents||James Jacobus Roosevelt|
Maria Van Schaak
|Relatives||See Roosevelt family|
|Alma mater||Columbia College|
James I, the Roman numeral was used to distinguish him from others of the same name, was born on December 14, 1795 in New York City to James Jacobus Roosevelt (1759–1840) and Maria Van Schaak (1773–1845) and baptized at the Dutch Reformed Church. He was a great-grandson of Johannes Roosevelt, the founder of the Oyster Bay branch of the Roosevelt family. His brother Cornelius Roosevelt was the father of James A. Roosevelt, Robert Roosevelt, and Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. as well as paternal grandfather of President Theodore Roosevelt.
An active Democrat, he campaigned for Andrew Jackson for president in 1828. He was elected alderman in 1828 and 1830, was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1835 and 1840, and served in the United States Congress from 1841 to 1843, but declined to seek reelection.
Roosevelt became a justice of the New York Supreme Court in 1851, and during one term was ex officio judge of the State Court of Appeals. From 1860 to 1861, he was the 15th U.S. District Attorney for Southern New York. He studied foreign law in the courts of England, the Netherlands, and France.
In business, Roosevelt followed in the tradition of his father as a hardware merchant. He engaged in farming after retiring. He was the first president of Roosevelt Hospital, which was founded by his cousin James H. Roosevelt.
On May 30, 1831 Roosevelt married Cornelia Van Ness (1810–1876) in Paris, the daughter of Governor of Vermont and the Collector of the Port of New York Cornelius P. Van Ness and Rhoda (née Savage) Van Ness, and the niece of William P. Van Ness and John Peter Van Ness. The American Revolution war hero, the Marquis de Lafayette, was among their guests. Among Cornelia's siblings were Marcia Van Ness (wife of British diplomat William Gore Ouseley) and James Van Ness, the Mayor of San Francisco. James and Cornelia were the parents of eleven children, all but three of whom died in childhood or early adulthood. Their children were:
- Mary Roosevelt (1832–1841), who died young.
- Cornelia Roosevelt (1833–1838), who died young.
- James Nicholas Roosevelt (1836–1856).
- John Van Ness Roosevelt (1838–1841), who died young.
- William Ouseley Roosevelt (1839–1841), who died young.
- Augustus Jay Roosevelt (1841–1842), who died young.
- Van Ness Roosevelt (1843-1872)
- Charles Yates Roosevelt (1846–1883), who married Cornelia (née Livingston) Talbot, a granddaughter of Robert Livingston (the 3rd Lord of Livingston Manor), and widow of James S. Talbot.
- Marcia Ouseley Roosevelt (1847–1906), who married Edward Brooks Scovel, an opera singer, in 1877.
- Frederick Roosevelt (1850–1916), who married Mary Loney (1850–1936).
- Matilda Roosevelt (1851–1854), who died young.
Roosevelt died on April 5, 1875 at his home, 836-838 Broadway in New York City, following complications sustained after he broke his thigh bone in a fall. He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. Cornelia Roosevelt died in Paris on February 14, 1876.
Roosevelt's estate was worth in excess of US$2,000,000 (equivalent to $46,563,636 in 2019) at the time of his death, and left funds for his family and the family of his wife.
His granddaughter, Cornelia Roosevelt, through his son Charles Yates Roosevelt, married Baron Clemens von Zedlitz of Prussia in 1889,who drowned in a collision with the German emperor's yacht in 1901. His daughter-in-law's nephew, David Bruce-Brown (1887–1912), was in the inaugural running of the Indianapolis 500 in 1911.
- "ROOSEVELT, James I. - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "THE DEATH OF JUDGE ROOSEVELT. | ACTION OF THE CITY AND STATE COURTS TRIBUTES OF RESPECT TO HIS MEMORY". The New York Times. April 7, 1875. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "OBITUARY. | MRS. CORNELIA ROOSEVELT". The New York Times. February 20, 1876. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Dodge, Grenville M.; Ellis, William Arba (1911). Norwich University, 1819-1911; Her History, Her Graduates, Her Roll of Honor, Volume 2. Montpelier, Vermont: The Capital City Press. p. 245. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- Whittelsey, Charles Barney (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649-1902. Hartford, Connecticut: Press of J.B. Burr & Company. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Reynolds, Cuyler; Cutter, William Richard (1914). Genealogical and Family History of Southern New York and the Hudson River Valley | A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Building of a Nation, Volume 3. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 1324. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- "FUNERAL OF MRS. ROOSEVELT". The New York Times. April 24, 1876. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "JUDGE ROOSEVELT'S WILL". The New York Times. April 17, 1875. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "MARRIED BY BISHOP POTTER | MISS CORNELIA ROOSEVELT BECOMES THE BARONESS VON ZEDLITZ". The New York Times. February 3, 1889. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Winship, Kihm (27 September 2009). "The Loney Family - Skaneateles". kihm6.wordpress.com. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Whittelsey, Charles B. (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649–1902.
- "The Death of Judge Roosevelt; Action of the City and State Courts Tributes of Respect to his Memory". New York Times. 1875-04-07. p. 2.
- "Roosevelt Hospital Now 50 Years Old". New York Times. 1921-10-30. p. 25.
- United States Congress. "James I. Roosevelt (id: R000427)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- James I. Roosevelt at Find a Grave
- Isa Carrington Cabell (1900). Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. .
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Moses H. Grinnell
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 3rd congressional district
with Charles G. Ferris, Fernando Wood, and John McKeon
Jonas P. Phoenix