James Isaac Dolliver (August 31, 1894 – December 10, 1978) served six terms as a Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa's 6th congressional district, beginning in 1944. He was the nephew of U.S. Senator Jonathan Prentiss Dolliver of Iowa.
Born in Park Ridge, Illinois, to Rev. and Mrs. Robert H. Dolliver, he received elementary education in Illinois schools at Lanark, Pawpaw, Eochelle, Lockport and Joliet before moving to Hot Springs, South Dakota. He graduated from Morningside College, Sioux City, Iowa, in 1915. He taught school at Alta, Iowa, and Humboldt, Iowa, until 1918, when he enlisted in the U.S. Army and was enrolled in signal officers' training school at New Haven, where he was when the First World War ended.
Following the conclusion of his military service, he attended the University of Chicago Law School where he became a member of the Delta Chi fraternity, graduating in 1921. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced private practice in Chicago.
Dolliver moved to Fort Dodge, Iowa, in 1922. He served as the County Attorney for Webster County, Iowa from 1924 to 1929, then returned to private practice. He served as member of the school board of Fort Dodge School District between 1938 and 1945. He also served a term as commander of the Iowa American Legion.
Two years later, Dolliver ran for the U.S. House for a seat held by Fred C. Gilchrist, an incumbent member of Dolliver's own party who was then completing his seventh term in office. In a primary characterized by light turnout, Dolliver defeated Gilchrist in a close race. He then ran against Charles Hanna in the general election, defeating him handily. Dolliver was re-elected five times before losing in 1956 to Democrat Merwin Coad, in an extraordinarily close race. Coad won by 198 votes, out of over 129,000 cast. In all, Dolliver served from January 3, 1945 to January 3, 1957.
After his loss, he served as regional legal counsel for International Cooperation Administration in the Middle East from 1957 until his retirement in 1959. In retirement, he resided in Spirit Lake, Iowa.
- Frank T. Nye, "James Dolliver Outlines Plans for June 1 Race," Waterloo Courier, 1942-05-12, at 14.
- "Dolliver is Chosen State Legion Commander," Waterloo Daily Courier, 1937-08-04, at 1.
- "Dolliver Wins in 6th District," Mason City Globe-Gazette, 1944-06-06 at 2.
- "Wilson Beats Thornburg by 45,000 Votes," Waterloo Daily Courier, 1942-06-02, at 1.
- The James I. Dolliver Papers are housed at the University of Iowa Special Collections & University Archives.
- United States Congress. "James I. Dolliver (id: D000403)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- James I. Dolliver at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Fred C. Gilchrist
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 6th congressional district
1945 – 1957
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.