James C. Auchincloss
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Jersey's 3rd district
January 3, 1943—January 3, 1965
|Preceded by||William H. Sutphin|
|Succeeded by||James J. Howard|
James Coats Auchincloss
January 19, 1885
Manhattan, New York City
|Died||October 2, 1976 (aged 91)|
(m. 1909; died 1959)
Vera Rogers Brown
|Relatives||Hugh D. Auchincloss (cousin)|
Stuart Coats (cousin)
|Alma mater||Yale University (1908)|
|Profession||Stock broker, politician|
James Coats Auchincloss (January 19, 1885 – October 2, 1976) was an American businessman and Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1943–1965.
Auchincloss was born in Manhattan, New York City on January 19, 1885. He was one of eight children, seven sons and one daughter, born to Edgar Stirling Auchincloss (1847–1892) and Maria LeGrange (née Sloan) Auchincloss (1847–1929), who married in 1872.
Among his uncles were Hugh Dudley Auchincloss (father of Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr.) and John Winthrop Auchincloss (grandfather of Louis Auchincloss). His maternal aunt Sarah Auchincloss married Sir James Coats, 1st Baronet of the Scottish thread-manufacturing family (and his namesake), and they were the parents of Sir Stuart Coats, 2nd Baronet and British Member of Parliament. His maternal grandparents were Mary (née Elmendorf) Sloan and New York State Senator Samuel Sloan, who served as president of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad for 26 years.
From 1908 until 1940, he engaged in financial and stock brokerage business with Auchincloss, Joost & Company located at 60 Broadway in New York City. He was a governor of the New York Stock Exchange from 1921 to 1938 (after buying his seat on the Exchange on January 27, 1910 for $92,000, the highest price paid up to that time). He was also the founder, treasurer, president, and chairman of the board of the New York Better Business Bureau.
From 1909 to 1913, Auchincloss served in the Seventh Regiment of the New York National Guard and as Deputy Police Commissioner of New York City. During World War I, he served as captain, Military Intelligence.
Auchincloss was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-eighth United States Congress, as well as the ten succeeding Congresses serving from January 3, 1943 until January 3, 1965. Auchincloss voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957, 1960, and 1964, as well as the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. He was not a candidate for reelection in 1964 to the Eighty-ninth Congress. While in Congress, he founded the Capitol Hill Club in Washington, D.C. in 1951.
On October 23, 1909, he was married to Lee Frances Alexander (1888–1959) by the Rev. Dr. Endicott Peabody at the Chapel of the Intercession in New York. Lee, a 1909 graduate of Barnard College, was a daughter of Dr. Welcome T. Alexander and Aimee G. (née Thayer) Alexander. Together, they resided at various residences, including first at 772 Park Avenue in New York and then in Rumson, New Jersey, and were the parents of:
- James Douglas Auchincloss (1913–2000), who married Lily van Ameringen (1922–1996) in 1956. They divorced in 1979.
- Gordon Auchincloss (1917–1998), who became a writer, director and communications executive.
He died at a nursing home in Alexandria, Virginia on October 2, 1976, aged 91. After a funeral service at the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church, he was interred in Woodlawn Cemetery, the Bronx, New York City.
- Ennis, Thomas W. (3 October 1976). "James C. Auchincloss Dies at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "MRS. AUCHINCLOSS DIES AT AGE OF 82; Daughter of Samuel Sloan, President of Lackawanna for 26 Years. FUND AT YALE IN HER NAME Established by Sons to Aid Professors--Mrs. Auchincloss Was ofColonial Ancestry" (PDF). The New York Times. 16 December 1929. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- Birmingham, Stephen (1968). The Right People. Little, Brown. p. 326.
- Buck, Albert H. (1909). The Bucks of Wethersfield, Connecticut. Stone Printing and Manufacturing Co. pp. 120–3.
- Birmingham, Stephen (2015). The Right People: The Social Establishment in America. Open Road Media. p. 259. ISBN 9781504026277. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- Yale University Class of 1903 (1906). War Record and Record of Quindecennial Reunion. Yale University. p. 39. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- of 1908, Yale University Class (1914). History of the Class of 1908, Yale College. Yale University. pp. 54–56. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- "Auchincloss Heads Bureau Again". New York Times. May 29, 1931. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
James C. Auchincloss, a governor of the New York Stock and member of the firm of Auchincloss Mills, has been elected president of the Better Business Bureau ...
- "AUCHINCLOSS, James Coats - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- "HR 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957". GovTrack.us.
- "HR 8601. PASSAGE".
- "H.R. 7152. PASSAGE".
- "S.J. RES. 29. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO BAN THE USE OF POLL TAX AS A REQUIREMENT FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS". GovTrack.us.
- "Society Home and Abroad" (PDF). The New York Times. 4 October 1908. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- "Auchincloss-Alexander Wedding To-day" (PDF). The New York Times. 23 October 1909. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- Officers and Graduates Columbia University. Columbia University. 1916. p. 283. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- Smith, Roberta (8 June 1996). "Lily Auchincloss, 74, Trustee At the Museum of Modern Art". New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "Paid Notice: Deaths AUCHINCLOSS, GORDON". The New York Times. 3 June 1998. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- "Vera Brown to Be Wed To James Auchincloss" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 November 1960. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- "James Auchincloss Weds Vera Brown" (PDF). The New York Times. 19 November 1960. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
- United States Congress. "James C. Auchincloss (id: A000227)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Political Graveyard bio for James C. Auchincloss
- James C. Auchincloss at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| U.S. House of Representatives,
New Jersey 3rd District