|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Pennsylvania's At-large district
March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
|Born||August 29, 1748|
Carlisle, Province of Pennsylvania, British America
|Died||May 6, 1828 (aged 79)|
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, U.S.
(m. 1789; death 1813)
|Relations||John Armstrong Jr. (brother)|
|Parents||John Armstrong Sr.|
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania|
James Armstrong (August 29, 1748 – May 6, 1828) was an American physician, judge, and politician.
Armstrong was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania on August 29, 1748. He was a son of Brigadier General and Continental Congressman John Armstrong and Rebecca (née Lyon) Armstrong (1719–1797). His older sister Rebecca Armstrong was the wife of James Turner and his younger brother was John Armstrong Jr., who became the U.S. Secretary of War and served as the Minister to France and a U.S. Senator from New York.
He was educated at the Philadelphia Academy and at Nassau Hall (later the College of New Jersey, and today known as Princeton University). He studied medicine at Dr. John Morgan's School in Philadelphia before graduating from the University of Pennsylvania in 1769.
During the American Revolutionary War, he served as a medical officer and is sometimes confused with several other James Armstrongs in the war. After the war, he spent three years in England to further his medical studies before returning to Carlisle in 1788. After Carlisle, he relocated to Mifflin County, Pennsylvania where for twelve years he practiced medicine and was appointed as an associate Judge.
In 1792, he was elected as a Pro-Administration candidate to represent Pennsylvania in the United States House of Representatives from 1793 until 1795, serving in the 3rd U.S. Congress. After his single term in Congress, he returned to Carlisle in 1796 and continued practicing medicine. On September 12, 1808, he was appointed an associate judge of the Cumberland County Court.
In 1789, Armstrong was married to Mary Stevenson (1766–1813), a daughter of large land-owner and iron manufacturer George Stevenson, Esq. (formerly the deputy surveyor-general under Nicholas Scull for the "territories of Pennsylvania") and sister of Dr. George Stevenson, who served with distinction at the Battle of Brandywine. Together, they were the parents of nine children, including:
- John Wilkins Armstrong (1798–1870), a doctor who married Mary Susanna Shell (1813–1855) in 1825.
Armstrong died on May 6, 1828 in Carlisle and was buried in the Old Carlisle Cemetery.
Through his son John, he was a grandfather of Mary Armstrong (1828–1898), wife of Christian Bowers Herman, and Cassius M. Armstrong (1846–1896), who married Jennie Hershman.
- The "Old Northwest" Genealogical Quarterly. "Old Northwest" Genealogical Society. 1908. p. 174. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
- "ARMSTRONG, James - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
- United States Congress. "James Armstrong (id: A000280)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- James Armstrong at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district