Jackson County courthouse in McKee
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Andrew Jackson|
|• Total||347 sq mi (900 km2)|
|• Land||345 sq mi (890 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3 km2) 0.4%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||39/sq mi (15/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Jackson County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,494. Its county seat is McKee. The county was formed in 1858 from land given by Madison, Estill, Owsley, Clay, Laurel, and Rockcastle counties. It was named for Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States. It is a dry county, but its county seat McKee voted to allow a single business to sell alcoholic beverages in 2019.
Jackson County is home to the Daniel Boone National Forest.
US 421 serves as the county's north-south corridor, connecting it to Madison County in the north to the cities Richmond and Berea, with the south connecting the county to Clay County and its county seat, Manchester. The road is mostly a simple two-lane road with many curves. It passes through Tyner, McKee and Sand Gap.
KY 30 serves as a east-west corridor, passing through the southern part of the county as a newly renovated highway, completed in 2010. It connects the county to Laurel County to the west, and Owsley County to the east. Although the newly renovated highway currently stops in Tyner, the highway is expected to be completely renovated through the county by 2022, making the entirety of the road a standard highway allowing people from Owsley County to get to Laurel County more easily. Currently, the road bypasses Annville, and passes through Tyner.
- Estill County (north)
- Lee County (northeast)
- Owsley County (east)
- Clay County (southeast)
- Laurel County (southwest)
- Rockcastle County (west)
- Madison County (northwest)
National protected area
- Daniel Boone National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,495 people, 5,307 households, and 3,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 per square mile (15/km2). There were 6,065 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (6.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.17% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.01% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,307 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $20,177, and the median income for a family was $23,638. Males had a median income of $25,087 versus $16,065 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,711. About 25.80% of families and 30.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.50% of those under age 18 and 24.10% of those age 65 or over.
- McKee (county seat)
Other unincorporated places
In Presidential elections Jackson County has been overwhelmingly Republican ever since the Civil War, when it, relative to population, provided more soldiers for the Union Army than any free state, and saw a proportion only exceeded by the nearly equally Republican Owsley County, Clinton County and Clay County, plus Estill County.
No Democratic Presidential candidate has carried Jackson County since it was created – indeed no Democrat has ever received thirty percent of the county’s vote and only Lyndon Johnson in his national landslide of 1964, and Bill Clinton in 1996, have received so much as twenty percent. The only times Jackson County has not voted for the Republican Party were in its first election of 1860 when the Republican Party was not yet seriously contesting slave states and the county went to Constitutional Unionist John Bell, and in 1912 when the Republican Party was split and Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with 52.37 percent of the vote (885 votes) over William Howard Taft with 577 votes or 34.14 percent. Since 1916 every Republican Presidential candidate has received at least seventy percent of Jackson County’s vote except for Bob Dole in 1996, who fell a mere 0.02 percent short of that figure.
In 1936 Alf Landon, who lost 46 of 48 states, received over eighty-nine percent of Jackson County’s vote. The county also gave the Republican candidate the highest percentage in the 1928, 1948, 1960, 1976, 1988 and 1992 Presidential elections. In 1992 Jackson County, along with Sioux County, Iowa, were the only two counties in the U.S to vote for George H. W. Bush by over seventy percent in his re-election campaign.
Jackson County is part of Kentucky's 5th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+31 and is represented by Republican Hal Rogers. In the Kentucky House of Representatives it is in the 89th District and has been represented by Republican Robert Goforth since 2018. In the Kentucky Senate it is in the 21st District and was represented by Republican Tom Jensen until he retired in 2012. In the 2012 election, Albert Robinson was elected to represent the 21st District. Robinson is a London, KY businessman.
One public school district, Jackson County Public Schools, serves K-12 students in the county.
In the county, there are three public elementary schools that serve students from preschool to grade 5. The most populated of these is Tyner Elementary, and the least populated being Sand Gap Elementary.
- McKee Elementary
- Sand Gap Elementary
- Tyner Elementary
One public middle school serves the county's students from grades 6 through 8.
- Jackson County Middle School
One public high school serves the county's students from grades 9 through 12.
There is one private school in the county.
- Annville Christian Academy (up to grade 12)
This section does not cite any sources. (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- David "Stringbean" Akeman, country music star who was born and raised in Annville
- Freddie Langdon, world champion fiddler
- Andrew N. Johnson, Prohibition Party's 1944 nominee for vice president of the United States
- Bill Miner, train robber
- Rear Admiral Millard J.Johnson
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- Populated Place: Datha, Jackson County, Kentucky
-  Hisel School and The Dutch Reformed Church at Hisel, accessed March 2017
- Marshall, Anne E.; Creating a Confederate Kentucky: The Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State, pp. 114-115 ISBN 1469609835
- Copeland, James E.; ‘Where Were the Kentucky Unionists and Secessionists’; The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, volume 71, no. 4 (October, 1973), pp. 344-363
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- "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1960 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1976 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
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- Johnson, Millard. "Legacy Obituary".
- Johnson, Millard (March 23, 2011). "Washington Post Obituary".