|Nippon Oil Corporation|
|Traded as||TYO: 5001|
|Industry||Oil and gasoline|
|Fumiaki Watari, CEO|
Shinji Nishio, President
|Revenue||¥ 7,523.990 billion JPY (FY 2008)|
|¥ 148.306 billion JPY (FY 2008)|
Number of employees
|Website||Corporate website, www.eneos.us|
JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation (JXTGエネルギー株式会社, JXTG Enerugī Kabushiki-gaisha, TYO: 5001), or NOC or Shin-Nisseki (新日石) is a Japanese petroleum company. Its businesses include the exploration, importation, and refining of crude oil; the manufacture and sale of petroleum products, including fuels and lubricants; and other energy-related activities. It is the largest oil company in Japan, and in recent years it has been expanding its operations in other countries.
Its products are sold under the Eneos brand, which is also used for service stations. It also previously operated service stations under the Esso and Mobil brands under license from ExxonMobil. In 2019, as a result of JX Holdings' merger with TonenGeneral Group in 2017 to form JXTG Holdings, both brands were phased out in favour of Eneos, which would become the company name itself (as ENEOS Corporation (ENEOS株式会社, ENEOSU kabushiki gaisha)) by June 2020.
The company was established 1888 as the "Nippon Oil" (日本石油, Nihon Sekiyu), or "Nisseki" (日石) for short. In 1999, the company merged with and absorbed the former "Mitsubishi Oil" (三菱石油, Mitsubishi Sekiyu). The merged company was called "Nippon Mitsubishi Oil" (日石三菱, Nisseki Mitsubishi) until 2002, when it adopted its present name.
The company has worldwide locations including JX Nippon Oil & Energy USA Inc. in Schaumburg, Illinois, Torrance, California, and Nippon Oil Lubricants (America), LLC, in Childersburg, Alabama. ENEOS is JXTG Group's corporate brand. They have brought their premium brand motor oil ENEOS and SUSTINA into the United States recently. The product line includes the extremely difficult to formulate 0W-50 viscosity oil. New line of premium full synthetic motor oil SUSTINA is now available in the United States.
NOC employs over 5,500 people, with additional employees from oversea divisions, and operates the following refineries throughout Japan:
- Muroran Refinery (Nippon Petroleum Refining Co., Ltd.)
- Sendai Refinery (NPRC)
- Yokohama Refinery (NPRC)
- Negishi Refinery (NPRC)
- Mizushima Refinery (NPRC)
- Osaka Refinery (NPRC)
- Marifu Refinery (NPRC)
The company also has technical collaboration with Tide Water Oil Co., an Indian petroleum products manufacturer. Superior quality lubricants under the brand name ENEOS are manufactured and marketed in India by Tide Water Oil Co.
2011 earthquake and tsunami
On 11 March 2011, a 145,000-barrel-per-day refinery in Sendai was set ablaze by the Tōhoku earthquake. Workers were evacuated, but tsunami warnings hindered efforts to extinguish the fire until 14 March, when officials planned to do so.
While developing the Rang Don Oil Field and Helang Gas Field NOEX, part of the Nippon Oil Corporation, conducted environmental impact assessments. These assessments helped them implement management plans based on the results of the assessments, specifically, how to reduce the impact of the fields on surrounding sea areas.
In 2005, Nippon Oil and Ebara-Ballard announced they were going to start field testing a 1 kW household proton-exchange membrane fuel cell system that uses coal oil as fuel. It was the world's first household test with the system. The system achieves a greater power-generation efficiency than normal heating. The system can operate in temperatures as low as -10 deg C.
In 2007, Nippon Oil was the recipient of the Nippon Keidanren Chairman's Prize in recognition of its achievements in a number of areas. They were the first in the Japanese petroleum industry to achieve a zero emission status at their refineries. They are also developing fuel cell systems as well as producing and selling sulfur-free fuel. The Rang Dong Oil Field is also one of the biggest CO
2 reduction projects in the world. The project utilizes associated gas produced along with crude oil for additional energy production.
Connection to human rights abuses
The construction of the Yetagun pipeline in Myanmar has been linked to 'severe human rights abuses' by Burmese troops. The company stated it 'was not aware of such abuses.' However critics claim that such foreign investment by Nippon Oil and other multinationals: 'provides a crucial source of support to the junta, allowing it to ignore demands that it return Burma to civilian rule and end human rights abuses.' 
It has also sponsored several motor sports teams, such as Team Lexus LeMans ENEOS SC430 in the Japanese Super GT series in the GT500 class. In the late 1980s and early 1990s JSPC, it sponsored the Trust Racing Team Porsche. From 2005 to 2008, Eneos sponsored the Formula One program of Honda, with British American Racing in 2005, Honda Racing F1 from 2006 to 2008, and Super Aguri from 2006 to 2007. Since 2014, the Eneos brand has been featured on Kyle Larson's #42 Chevrolet Camaro in the NASCAR Xfinity Series in select races. They also sponsor Akinori Ogata in the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series when he drives the 63 for MB Motorsports. He drove the 63 truck in 2015 and 2016. Eneos is currently a sponsor of Movistar Yamaha MotoGP team as a fuel and lubricants supplier since 2012 season and also supplying fuel and lubricants for PATA Yamaha World Superbike team since 2016 season.
- "Gas station merger will end Esso and Mobil's long run in Japan". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2018-12-04.
- "Activities in Canada". Nippon Oil Exploration. Archived from the original on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- "Activities in India with Tide Water Oil Co". Archived from the original on 2010-01-03.
- Fernandez, Clarence (14 March 2011). "Japan's shipping, energy sectors begin march back from quake". Reuters. Archived from the original on 16 March 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- Tsukimori, Osamu; Negishi, Mayumi (11 March 2011). "JX refinery fire seen originated from shipping facility". Reuters. Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- "Nippon Oil Measures to Protect the Environment Archived 2008-04-19 at the Wayback Machine"
- "Nippon Announces Fuel Cell Archived 2007-10-09 at the Wayback Machine"
- "Nippon Oil Award"
- "FC東京オフィシャルホームページｌF.C.TOKYO". www.fctokyo.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020-03-25.
- The YouTube account associated with this video has been terminated due to multiple third-party notifications of copyright infringement. youtube.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2015.
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