J. Massey Rhind
J. Massey Rhind
|Died||1936 (aged 75-76)|
|Known for||sculptor, educator|
John Massey Rhind (9 July 1860 – 1936) was a Scottish-American sculptor. Among Rhind's better known works is the marble statue of Dr. Crawford W. Long located in the National Statuary Hall Collection in Washington D.C. (1926).
Born in Edinburgh, Rhind began his art studies under the tutorage of his father John Rhind, a respected and successful sculptor in the royal burgh. He studied at the Royal Scottish Academy, and continued his education with Jules Dalou, who was at that time living and teaching in Lambeth, England. He then moved to Paris to continue his education for two more years. Upon completing his training he considered moving to the United States but was cautioned by his father not to do so because, "There is no sculptural art in America . . .You'll starve."
In 1885 he established a studio with his elder brother William Birnie Rhind, at 217 West George Street, Glasgow, but his brother moved back to Edinburgh 2 years later. At age 29, J. Massey Rhind finally emigrated to the United States in 1889 and settled in New York City. In 1899, Rhind set up a studio and sculpture yard and began residing in Closter, New Jersey.
In February 1890 John Jacob Astor III died and shortly thereafter a competition to create three sets of bronze doors dedicated to him for Trinity Church, New York was announced. Rhind entered the competition, and, along with Charles Niehaus and Karl Bitter, was awarded one of the sets of doors. After this success he never lacked for work and was to generate a large number of public monuments and architectural projects. Nevertheless, Rhind still found time for smaller, private pieces such as a bust of Theodore Roosevelt.
Grand Army of the Republic Memorial in Washington, D.C.
Highland soldier, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia
New York and New Jersey
- GIRARD, Stephen: Statue at the Museum of Art in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- WANAMAKER, John: Statue at the City Hall (east plaza) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Lanape Warrior, Wissahickon Creek, Philadelphia, Pennsylvinia 1902
- Civil War Soldiers & Sailors Monument on Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- John C. Calhoun Monument, Charleston, South Carolina, 1896
- George Clinton Monument, Kingston, New York, 1898 (originally in New York City)
- Henry Hudson Monument, Kingston, New York, 1898 (originally in New York City )
- James Wolfe Monument, Calgary, Alberta, 1898 (originally in New York City )
- Peter Stuyvesant Monument
- Robert Burns Monument, Barre, Vermont, 1899,
- William T. Sherman Monument, Muskegon, Michigan, 1900
- Ulysses S. Grant Memorial, Muskegon, Michigan, 1900
- Statues of Samuel Colt, Colt Park, Hartford, Connecticut. 1902–06
- Alexander Skene, Grand Army Plaza, Brooklyn, NY 1905
- Grand Army of the Republic Memorial, Washington, D.C., 1909
- George Washington, Newark, New Jersey, 1914
- Bartolomeo Colleoni, reproduction of Andrea del Verrochio's equestrian sculpture, Newark, New Jersey, 1914
- National McKinley Birthplace Memorial, Niles, Ohio, 1917
- Nova Scotia Highland soldier, Cenotaph, Chester, Nova Scotia, 1922
- Philip Schuyler, Albany, New York, 1925
- Britannia, Cenotaph, Grand Parade, Nova Scotia, 1929
- Nova Scotia Highland soldier, Cenotaph, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, 1929
- Edward Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, 1931
- "Rufus H. King Memorial Fountain", Washington Park, Albany, New York, 1893: the theme, specified by King's son, J. Howard King: Moses strikes the rock at Horeb
- Corning Fountain, Bushnell Park, Hartford, Connecticut, 1899 bronze and granite, the fountain is 30 feet tall, with a statue of a deer in the middle surrounded by figures of Saukiog Indians, Hartford's first inhabitants.
- "Fountain of Apollo", Lakewood, New Jersey, 1902
- Erskine Memorial Fountain, Atlanta, Georgia, 1896
New Haven County Court House
- New Haven County Court House, New Haven, Connecticut, 1914 (Architects: William Allen and Richard Williams), facing the New Haven Green.
Shelby County Court House
- Shelby County Court House, Memphis, Tennessee, 1906–1909 (architects, James Gamble Rogers and H. D. Hale)
Alexander Hall sculpture, 1892, Princeton University
"Progress Lighting the Way for Commerce", designed for Montgomery Ward
- Alexander Memorial Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, 1892
- The Cable Building, 611 Broadway at Houston Street, New York City, 1894
- American Surety Building (now Bank of Tokyo), 100 Broadway, figures at 3rd floor level, New York, 1895 (Architect: Bruce Price)
- Astor Memorial Doors, Trinity Church, New York, 1896
- East Pyne, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, 1896
- "Victory" and "Peace", Grant's Tomb, New York City, 1897
- Macy's caryatids, Macy's Department Store Building, New York City, 1901
- "Victory" and "Progress", quadrigas (but with three horses instead of four), Wayne County Building, Detroit, Michigan, 1904
- United States Courthouse and Post Office, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1904
- Shelby County Court House, Memphis, Tennessee, 1906–1909
- Federal Building, Providence, Rhode Island, 1908
- "Apollo" and "Minerva" Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio
- "After studying at the Royal Scottish Academy" (PDF). Visitors' Guide to the United States Court House Indianapolis, Indiana and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana. U.S. District Court, Southern District of Indiana. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- McSpadden, J. Walker, Famous Sculptors of America, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1924 p. 251
- McKenzie, Raymond; Nisbet, Gary (2001). Public sculpture of Glasgow. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 978-0-85323-937-6.
- Nash, Margo "Jersey Footlights", The New York Times, 11 July 2004. Retrieved 29 August 2015. "Among the New York City residents who moved to bucolic Closter in the 19th century was J. Massey Rhind, a sculptor who worked on Grant's Tomb. He set up a studio and sculpture yard in town in 1899. And he became the first of a series of sculptors who lived and worked in Closter."
- "John Massey Rhind". Fine Art May 2007. Rago Arts and Auction Center. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- Where They Are Is Known; Why They Went, Isn't, Streetscapes column, New York Times, 1 April 2007"". Retrieved 20 June 2012
- Cantor, Laurel M., Spires of Princeton University: An architectural tour of the campus, Office of Communications/Publications, Stanhope Hall, Princeton University
- Caffin, Charles H., American Masters of Sculpture, Doubleday, Page & Company, New York 1913
- Craven, Wayne, The Sculpture at Gettysburg, Eastern Acorn Press, Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1982
- Hawthorne, Frederick W., Gettysburg: Stories of Men and Monuments, The Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides, 1988
- Kvaran and Lockley, Guide to the Architectural Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
- Mackay, James, The Dictionary of Sculptors in Bronze, Antique Collectors Club, Woodbridge, Suffolk 1977
- McSpadden, J. Walker, Famous Sculptors of America, Dodd, Mead and Company, Inc. New York 1924
- Murdock, Myrtle Cheney, National Statuary Hall in the Nation's Capitol, Monumental Press, Inc., Washington D.C., 1955
- Nawrocki, Dennis Alan and Thomas J. Holleman, Art in Detroit Public Places, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan, 1980
- Opitz, Glenn B, Editor, Mantle Fielding's Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie NY, 1986
- Thurkow, Fearn, Newark's Sculpture: A Survey of Public Monuments and Memorial Statuary, The Newark Museum Quarterly, Newark Museum Association, Winter 1975
- Whittmore, Frances Davis, George Washington in Sculpture, Marshall Jones Company, Boston, 1933