Ivan Aleksandrovich Pyryev
Ivan Pyryev in 1947
|Died||7 February 1968 (aged 66)|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
Ivan Aleksandrovich Pyryev (Russian: Ива́н Алекса́ндрович Пы́рьев; 17 November [O.S. 4 November] 1901 – 7 February 1968) was a Soviet-Russian film director and screenwriter remembered as the high priest of Stalinist cinema. He was awarded six Stalin Prizes (1941, 1942, 1946, 1946, 1948, 1951), served as Director of the Mosfilm studios (1954–57) and was, for a time, the most influential man in the Soviet motion picture industry.
Life and career
Pyryev was born in Kamen-na-Obi, in the Tomsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Altai Krai, Russia). His early career included acting on stage directed by Vsevolod Meyerhold in The Forest («Лес») and by Sergei Eisenstein in the Proletcult Theatre production The Mexican. Pyryev also acted in Eisenstein's first short film Glumov's Diary. Pyryev's early career included production jobs behind the camera, such as work for director Yuri Tarich. He débuted as a director in the age of silent film, with Strange Woman (Посторонняя женщина, 1929).
During the 1930s and 1940s Pyryev rivaled Grigori Aleksandrov as the country's most successful director of musical comedies, all of which starred his wife Marina Ladynina. Even during wartime, when the Soviet film industry had been evacuated to Alma-Ata, Pyryev made popular and light-hearted features. In Six O'Clock after the War is Over the Romantic characters (played by Ladynina and Yevgeny Samoilov), when separated by war, arrange a date at 6 PM on the Victory Day, and the victory celebrations are shown towards the end of the film (which was released in November 1944).
Such films as They Met in Moscow (1941), Ballad of Siberia (1947) and Cossacks of the Kuban (1949) have often been broadcast on national television and proved effective in showcasing the idealized Soviet way of life. The former, shown in the US as They Met in Moscow, was the last film made in the Soviet Union before the German invasion. The protagonists, a Russian swineherd and a Chechen shepherd (played by Ladynina and Vladimir Zeldin) meet at the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition and fall in love with each other. The movie is noted for a memorable score by Isaak Dunaevsky and Tikhon Khrennikov. Cossacks of the Kuban, which launched the star of Klara Luchko, presents a highly glamorized picture of life in a southern kolkhoz.
Following Joseph Stalin's death, Pyryev turned his attention to adaptations. He produced two acclaimed adaptations of Fyodor Dostoevsky's novels, The Idiot (1958, starring Yuri Yakovlev) and The Brothers Karamazov (1969), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and won him a Special Prize at the 6th Moscow International Film Festival. Pyryev died at the age of 66 in Moscow. Since The Brothers Karamazov was unfinished at the time, the film stars Kirill Lavrov and Mikhail Ulyanov are usually credited with having brought the project to a conclusion. His widow Lionella Pyryeva, who took the part of Grushenka in The Brothers Karamazov, went on to marry Oleg Strizhenov.
- 1929 - The Foreign Woman (Посторонняя женщина)
- 1930 - The Civil Servant (Государственный чиновник)
- 1933 - The Conveyor of Death (Конвейер смерт��)
- 1936 - Party Membership Card (Партийный билет)
- 1938 - The Country Bride (Богатая невеста)
- 1939 - Tractor Drivers (Трактористы)
- 1940 - The Beloved (Любимая девушка)
- 1941 - They Met in Moscow (Свинарка и пастух)
- 1942 - The District Secretary (Секрета��ь райкома)
- 1944 - Six P.M. (В 6 часов вечера после войны)
- 1948 - Ballad of Siberia (Сказание о земле Сибирской)
- 1949 - Cossacks of the Kuban (Кубанские казаки)
- 1951 - We are for Peace! (Мы - за мир / Freundschaft siegt)
- 1954 - Devotion (Испытание верности)
- 1958 - The Idiot (Идиот)
- 1959 - White Nights (Белые ночи)
- 1961 - Our Common Friend (Наш общий друг)
- 1965 - The Light of a Distant Star (Свет далекой звезды)
- 1969 - The Brothers Karamazov
- Beumers, Birgit (2015). Directory of World Cinema: RUSSIA 2. Intellect Ltd. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-1-7832-0010-8.
- Ирина Гращенкова, Пырьев Иван Александрович, Archived 2013-01-13 at Archive.today Кинобраз. Accessed 18 July 2008.
- Jay Leyda. Kino: A History of the Russian and Soviet Film. Princeton University Press, 1983. p.214.
- Leyda, p.273.
- Dina Iordanova, Ladynina, Marina, International Dictionary of Film and Filmmakers, 2000.
- Leyda, p.370.
- "6th Moscow International Film Festival (1969)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
- Roger Manvell, ed. (1949). Experiment in the Film. The Grey Walls Press Ltd. pp. 168–170.