Itū'au County is a county in the Eastern District in American Samoa. The official name is Itū'au ma Nofo, however, it is commonly known as just Itū'au. It is divided into northern and southern parts by the highest part of the Tutuila's central mountain range. It is peculiar in that it had no county chief. In Nu'uuli in the south, power was divided between village high chief Savusa and the Four Chiefly Houses of the Soliai, Tago, Levu, and Alega. In Fagasā in the north, leadership was shared by the Tupuolo and the Alo. The physical division of the county by mountains combined with the lack of a high chief made the county a battleground (itu'au) in ancient times.
It is a small county which only consisted of two villages: Nu'uuli and Fagasā. These villages lie across from each other, Nu'uuli on the south shoreline of Tutuila Island and Fagasā on the north side. They are connected by an inland road which runs west of Pago Pago Bay across the mountain ridge.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Itu'au County was first recorded beginning with the 1912 special census. Regular decennial censuses were taken beginning in 1920.
- "CPH-T-8. Population, Housing Units, Land Area, and Density for U.S. Island Areas: 2010" (PDF). United States Census. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- 1987 Census of Agriculture: Geographic area series, Parts 55-56. Bureau of the Census. p. 4.
- "5.0102 Division of districts into counties". www.asbar.org.
- Gray, John Alexander Clinton (1980). Amerika Samoa. Arno Press. Page 123. ISBN 9780405130380.
- Krämer, Augustin (2000). The Samoa Islands. University of Hawaii Press. Page 441. ISBN 9780824822194.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- Krämer, Augustin (2000). The Samoa Islands. University of Hawaii Press. Page 424. ISBN 9780824822194.
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