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|"It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)"|
|Song by Duke Ellington|
|Recorded||February 2, 1932|
"It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)" is a 1931 composition by Duke Ellington, whose lyrics were written by Irving Mills. It is now accepted as a jazz standard, and jazz historian Gunther Schuller characterized it as "now legendary" and "a prophetic piece and a prophetic title."
The music was composed and arranged by Ellington in August 1931 during intermissions at Chicago's Lincoln Tavern and was first recorded by Ellington and his orchestra for Brunswick Records (Br 6265) on February 2, 1932. After Mills wrote the lyrics, Ivie Anderson sang the vocal and trombonist Joe Nanton and alto saxophonist Johnny Hodges played the instrumental solos. The song became famous, Ellington wrote, "as the expression of a sentiment which prevailed among jazz musicians at the time." Ellington credited the saying as a "credo" of his former trumpeter, Bubber Miley, who was dying of tuberculosis at the time; Miley died the year that the song was released. The Ellington band played the song continually over the years and recorded it numerous times, most often with trumpeter Ray Nance as vocalist.
- Lionel Hampton Orchestra
- Louis Armstrong (1932)
- Duke Ellington with Ivie Anderson (1932)
- Washboard Rhythm Kings – Washboard Rhythm Kings Vol. 3 (1932)
- Sidney Bechet and Martial Solal, Sidney Bechet-Martial Solal Quartet Featuring Kenny Clarke (1957)
- Roger Wolfe Kahn (1932)
- The Boswell Sisters (1932)
- The Mills Brothers (1932) – Golden Greats (2002), Goodbye, Blues (2005)
- Stephane Grappelli with Django Reinhardt (1935)
- Lester Young – It don't mean a thing (1952)
- Thelonious Monk – Thelonious Monk Plays the Music of Duke Ellington (Riverside, 1955)
- Stan Getz – Stan Getz at The Shrine (Norgran, 1955)
- Gigi Gryce – Gigi Gryce (MetroJazz, 1958)
- Modern Jazz Quartet – Pyramid (Atlantic, 1960)
- June Christy – A Lovely Way to Spend An Evening (1986), Big Band Specials (1962)
- Nina Simone – Nina Simone Sings Ellington (1962)
- Ella Fitzgerald and Duke Ellington – Ella and Duke at the Cote D'Azur (Verve, 1967)
- Cleo Laine– with Dr. Teeth and the Electric Mayhem on The Muppet Show (1977)
- Diane Schuur with Stan Getz, Schuur Thing (1985)
- Chuck Brown – Go Go Swing Live (1987)
- Carmen McRae and Betty Carter – The Carmen McRae – Betty Carter Duets (1987)
- MC Shan – rap version, 12" single (1990)
- Tony Bennett – MTV Unplugged: Tony Bennett (1995), Bennett Sings Ellington: Hot & Cool (1999)
- SuperJazz Big Band – UAB SuperJazz, Featuring Ellis Marsalis (2001)
- Gabin – Doo Uap, Doo Uap, Doo Uap (2002)
- Eva Cassidy – American Tune (2003)
- Della Reese, Raven-Symoné, Anneliese van der Pol – That's So Raven (2006)
- The Puppini Sisters – The Rise and Fall of Ruby Woo (2008)
- Joe Jackson – The Duke (2012)
- Matthew Morrison (2013)
- Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga – Cheek to Cheek (2014)
- Gunther Schuller, The Swing Era: The Development of Jazz, 1930-1945 (Oxford University Press, 1991), ISBN 978-0195071405, pp. 50-51. Excerpts available at Google Books.
- Duke Ellington, Music is My Mistress (Da Capo Press, 1976 reprint), ISBN 978-0306800337, pp. 419, 106. Excerpts available at Google Books.
- Jazz Journal, Dec. 1965
- Richard Corliss, "'It Don’t Mean A Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing)'", Time, October 21, 2011.
- "Grammy Hall Of Fame". Recording Academy. Archived from the original on 2011-01-22. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
- Gioia, Ted (2012). The Jazz Standards: A Guide to the Repertoire. New York City: Oxford University Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-19-993739-4.
- Yanow, Scott (2003). Jazz on Record: The First Sixty Years. Backbeat Books. p. 97. ISBN 978-0879307554.
- "It Don't Mean a Thing – MC Shan". AllMusic.
- "It Don't Mean A Thing – Matthew Morrison". AllMusic.