|Directed by||Larry Cohen|
|Produced by||Larry Cohen|
|Written by||Larry Cohen|
|Music by||Bernard Herrmann|
|Edited by||Peter Honess|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$7.1 million|
It's Alive is a 1974 American horror film written, produced, and directed by Larry Cohen. It stars John P. Ryan and Sharon Farrell as a couple whose infant child turns out to be a vicious mutant. The film's cast also includes James Dixon, William Wellman Jr., Shamus Locke, Andrew Duggan, Guy Stockwell, and Michael Ansara. The baby was designed and created by special effects make-up artist Rick Baker, and the film's score was composed by Bernard Herrmann.
It's Alive was distributed by Warner Bros. and received mixed reviews upon release. It spawned two sequels, It Lives Again (1978) and It's Alive III: Island of the Alive (1987), as well as a 2009 remake.
In Los Angeles, Frank Davis and his wife Lenore are expecting their second child. Frank is a successful public relations consultant and his wife is a stay-at-home mom for their first child, Chris. The couple avoided having a child for several years while Lenore took contraceptive pills. When their child is ready to be born, they leave Chris with a family friend, Charley, and go to the hospital. Their second child, a baby boy, is born monstrously deformed, with fangs and claws. Immediately after birth it kills the doctors and nurses in the delivery room and flees through a skylight. Lenore is left alive, screaming for her child as a horrified Frank discovers the carnage.
Frank and Lenore are allowed to leave the hospital while the police, including Lt. Perkins, investigate the killings. Frank and Lenore receive attention from the press, which results in Frank being fired from his job at a public relations company. Meanwhile, the Davis' baby lurks around outdoors, killing several people, including a milkman. As the killings continue, the press and the police hound Frank and Lenore. Frank meets with medical researchers who convince him to sign documents allowing them to experiment on the child's body once it has been found and killed. Frank denies that the child is his son and joins the hunt for the murderous infant.
The doctor who prescribed the contraceptive pills to Lenore is contacted by an executive of a pharmaceutical company. The executive acknowledges that the Davis' child's mutation may have been caused by the drugs. He tells the doctor that the child must be destroyed to prevent discovery of the company's liability. Meanwhile, the child makes its way to a school. Frank learns of the child's location and arrives at the school, where police officers are present. Frank informs Lt. Dixon that Chris attends the school. The baby attacks and kills an officer in a classroom before escaping through a window into the night.
Later, Frank discovers that Lenore is hiding the infant in the basement of their home. Chris runs away from Charley's house in order to get back home, and Charley drives after him. Lenore pleads with Frank and promises that the baby would not hurt their family. Frank, armed with a gun, enters the basement, where he finds Chris talking to the baby and promising to protect him. Frank shoots at the baby, injuring it. The infant flees the basement and attacks Charley, biting him on the neck and killing him.
The police track the infant into the sewers, where Frank hunts him with a rifle. When he finds the baby, he realizes that it is frightened. He apologizes to the child and picks him up. Wrapping the baby in his coat, Frank tries to elude the police, but a mob of armed cops confronts him as he exits the sewers. He pleads for them to study the child, but to not harm him. A fertility doctor shouts at the police to kill him. The child suddenly leaps from Frank's arms and attacks the doctor as the cops open fire, killing both the infant and the doctor. As the Davises are escorted away by the police, Lt. Dixon receives news that another deformed baby has been born in Seattle.
Special effects make-up artist Rick Baker designed and created the murderous baby depicted in the film. Larry Cohen, who wrote, produced and directed the film, called Baker on the telephone while Baker was at the home of Dick Smith, where he was working on effects for the 1973 film The Exorcist. During that initial phone call, Cohen pitched the concept of the film to Baker, and suggested building a baby suit that could be worn by Cohen's cat, or "a chicken or something [...] maybe two chickens!"
Baker next heard from Cohen two weeks after filming had begun. Cohen had decided to rarely show the infant in the film, and asked Baker to create a "dummy baby" for the actors to react to. Baker constructed the baby with an aluminum wire armature, allowing for articulated limbs and adjustable eyeballs. For close-up shots, Baker created a full-head mutant infant mask, a pair of gloves, and a partial body suit, which were worn by Baker's then-girlfriend and later wife, Elaine Parkyn.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The film had a complicated release through Warner Bros. beginning in 1974. Upon completing the film, Cohen found the executives who had backed the production had been replaced and the new executives showed little interest in the project. The studio gave the film a one theater run in April—May 1974 in Chicago. It was then given a limited release beginning October 18, 1974. The film drew respectable business, but the company still did not fully support the project. Three years after its original release, Warner Bros. saw another change in executives and Cohen asked the new group to review the film.
It's Alive was reissued in March 1977 with a new advertisement campaign. The updated 1977 TV advertisement features a baby carriage, accompanied by the lullaby "Rock-a-bye Baby" and a voice-over that says, "There's only one thing wrong with the Davis baby. It's alive." The new ad drew people into theaters, ultimately earning Warner Bros. $7.1 million in U.S. domestic rentals.
On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, It's Alive holds an approval rating of 74% based on 23 critic reviews, with an average rating of 6.07/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Tough and unpleasant, It's Alive throttles the viewer with its bizarre mutant baby theatrics." On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 72 out of 100 based on six reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews."
Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote, "Mr. Cohen is not unintelligent, but the few interesting ideas in his horror films, including the recent Demon, are drenched in supreme silliness by way of the dialogue and special effects." A review published in Variety called it a "stomach-churning little film," praising Herrmann's "highly effective" score but criticizing the film's script as being too far-fetched. Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film one out of four stars, lambasting it as "imbecilic." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times called it "a sort of primitive low-budget sequel — rip-off may be the better word — to Rosemary's Baby. Despite patches of risible dialogue and other ludicrous bits and pieces it holds attention and even manages to be pretty scary." Tom Milne of The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote, "Attitudes to horror films being what they are, it's a fairly safe bet that John Ryan won't get the credit he so richly deserves for an outstanding performance which brings It's Alive within striking distance of Night of the Living Dead."
Leonard Maltin gave It's Alive two-and-a-half out of four stars, commending Herrmann's score but noting that the film is "not for all tastes." A review published by TV Guide awarded the film three out of five stars, reading, "Part visceral horror flick and part Oedipal allegory, It's Alive explores a widely repressed but crucial element of family life—parents' ambivalence toward their children—and satirizes society's cavalier treatment of its youngest members." A review published by Time Out reads, "Despite such potentially sidesplitting material, the film often manages to instill a genuinely chilling atmosphere, with its initially kitsch family growing into human beings as they plummet into a world unhinged and apart at the seams." Dennis Schwartz of Ozus' World Movie Reviews gave It's Alive a grade of "A," praising Ryan's performance and calling the film "a wacky low-grade entertaining horror pic, one that also has an edge, is discomforting and surprisingly has a good blend of humor and splatter."
On May 15, 2018, Shout! Factory released a three-disc Blu-ray box set of the It's Alive trilogy. This set contains It's Alive, as well as its sequels It Lives Again and It's Alive III: Island of the Alive.
This section does not cite any sources. (February 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The novelizations of the first film and its sequels expound on the dangers of various prescription drugs administered to expectant mothers during the 1950s and early 1960s (e.g. thalidomide), the use of fertility drugs, and the indirect use of pesticides on people. In the story, the mother of the first mutant child had a history of taking combined oral contraceptive pills prior to planning her second pregnancy, whereupon she instead began taking an inadequately tested fertility drug to facilitate the conception of her second child.
Sequels and remake
- "At the movies". Chicago Tribune. Section 6, p. 15. April 21, 1974. "...opening Friday at the Woods Theater."
- "Movie previews". Chicago Tribune: 21. April 27, 1974.
...having its world premiere at the Woods.
- Coffel, Chris (May 5, 2018). "Larry Cohen On Rick Baker's 'It's Alive' Baby Design!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- Martin 1984, p. 31.
- Martin 1984, p. 32.
- Litwak, Mark (1986). Reel Power: The Struggle for Influence and Success in the New Hollywood. New York: William Morrow & Co. p. 251. ISBN 0-688-04889-7.
- "It's Alive (1973)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- "It's Alive Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- Canby, Vincent (April 28, 1977). "Absurd Baby Murderer". The New York Times. p. 76. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- "It's Alive". Variety. October 16, 1974. p. 16. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- Siskel, Gene (May 1, 1974). "Baby, 'Alive' is Deadly". Chicago Tribune. Section 2, p. 9.
- Thomas, Kevin (October 16, 1974). "A Second Child Who Was Born to Be Bad". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 14.
- Milne, Tom (June 1975). "It's Alive". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 42 (497): 137.
- Maltin, Leonard (2008). Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide. Plume. p. 697. ISBN 978-0452289789.
- "It's Alive". TV Guide. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- "It's Alive, directed by Larry Cohen". Time Out. London. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- Schwartz, Dennis (July 16, 2009). "It's Alive - A far-fetched cult thriller". Sover.net. Archived from the original on November 2, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- It's Alive [VHS]. ASIN 6302814715.
- "It's Alive [DVD]". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- Vasquez, Josh (November 4, 2004). "DVD Review: It's Alive". Slant Magazine. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- "It's Alive Trilogy [Blu-ray]". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- Gingold, Michael (April 3, 2018). "Oh, baby! Details revealed for "It's Alive Trilogy" Scream Factory Blu-ray set". Rue Morgue. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- Dillard, Clayton (May 22, 2018). "Review: Larry Cohen's It's Alive Trilogy on Shout! Factory Blu-ray". Slant Magazine. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- Martin, R. H. (August 1984). "Rick Baker: The Wonder Years Part Three". Fangoria. No. 37. Starlog Group, Inc. ISSN 0164-2111.