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International Federation of Consulting Engineers (commonly known as FIDIC, acronym for its French name Fédération Internationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils) is an international standards organization for Consulting Engineering and Construction best known for FIDIC family of contract templates. The fact that FIDIC has a French title bears testimony to its foundation in 1913 by three wholly or partly francophone countries, Belgium, France, Switzerland. Today FIDIC has members in 104 countries.
Located in Geneva,Switzerland,FIDIC aims to represent globally Consulting Engineering by promoting interests of Firms/Engineers supplying technology-based services for built and natural environment.Run mostly by volunteers,FIDIC is well known for work in defining Conditions of Contract for construction industry worldwide.Companies and Organizations belonging to FIDIC National Member Associations are encouraged to announce themselves as FIDIC members and use FIDIC logo.Use of logo is strictly controlled and all FIDIC products and services are protected by FIDIC trademark.
There were 59 participants at the inaugural meeting during the World Exhibition in Ghent, Belgium in July 1913 to discuss the possibility of forming a global federation of Consulting Engineers. Of these, 19 were official delegates from USA, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands and Switzerland, with remainder coming from Austria-Hungary, Canada, Russia and UK.
The meeting led to FIDIC's formal constitution on 22 July 1913. Some countries, however, maintained only provisional links during the first few years.
Founding Members of FIDIC were Belgium, France and Switzerland. FIDIC led a difficult life until late 1940s with a changing number of members, all from Europe. In 1959, these were joined by Australia, Canada, South Africa and USA to form FIDIC international. The first member associations from developing world joined in 1965 (Central Africa, now Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe) and in 1967 Colombia joined.
FIDIC organises World Consulting Engineering Conference seminars and training courses. FIDIC training manual Guide to Practice-the business of a professional services firm is known throughout profession of engineering. FIDIC also runs a bookshop and publishes international contracts and business practice documents which are used as guides and templates world over. FIDIC is best known for its range of contracts that includes Dredgers Contract, Short Form of Contract, Construction Contract, Plant & DB Contract; DBO Contract, and EPC/Turnkey Contract. Details available in FIDIC Bookshop. FIDIC publishes Client/Consultant Model Services Agreement together with Sub-Consultancy Agreement and Joint Venture Agreement. FIDIC publishes MDB Harmonised Edition of Construction Contract used by MDB(Multilateral Development Banks) including World Bank for their projects.