IAAF Road Race Label Events are races that the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) designates as one of the "leading road races around the world." The classification was first introduced for the 2008 running season, upon the suggestion of the IAAF Road Running Commission. In that first year, only Gold and Silver Labels were awarded, and 49 races were recognised. A third tier was introduced in 2010, entitled the Bronze Label, and in 2015, 88 races were listed in total. The races are split into three categories: marathons, half marathons and other. Within the "other" category are traditional road race distances, over which IAAF world records can be set, along with some "Classical races," which span unusual distances.
The Labels are assessed and awarded each year. Race organisers have to apply to the IAAF for recognition, and show that their race can meet a number of criteria. The criteria vary for the different levels; Gold Labels have the strictest requirements, followed by Silver, then Bronze. All three categories require what the IAAF describes as an international elite field, that requires at least five nations (four for Bronze) to be represented by runners with times faster than the IAAF's guidelines. Additionally, the race course must be closed to vehicular traffic, and measured to the Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS) standard, with full electronic timing used to generate the results. The race must be organised in a way that minimizes ecological damage to the surrounding areas. A specified number of doping tests must be carried out, and prize money for the participants should be equal, irrespective of gender or nationality, though additional rewards can be given to runners from the host nation.
The Labels are considered a "prestigious" award by race organisers, and include the six marathon majors. In 2017, Japan had the most road race Label events, with 9, although the Czech Republic hosted the most Gold Label events, 7. 3 races on the African continent received Label status in 2015.
- Marathon: 42.195 kilometres (26.219 mi)
- Half marathon: 21.0975 kilometres (13.1094 mi)
- 20 km: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
- 10 miles: 10 miles (16 km)
- 12 km: 12 kilometres (7.5 mi)
- 10 km: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
- 5 km: 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
- "IAAF Road Race Labels: Regulations 2014" (PDF). International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "IAAF awards Gold and Silver Labels for Road Races". IAAF. 20 December 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Calendar: 2008". IAAF. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Calendar: 2010". IAAF. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Calendar: 2014". IAAF. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "EMF Awarded IAAF Bronze". Edinburgh Marathon Festival. Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Three Indian road races get IAAF 'Gold Label'". The Hindu. The Hindu Group. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Vienna City Marathon receives IAAF Road Race Gold Label". Vienna City Marathon. 19 September 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Calendar, Gold labels: 2017". IAAF. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "Calendar | iaaf.org". www.iaaf.org. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "El maratón de Sevilla logra la «Etiqueta Oro» y se coloca entre las mejores carreras del planeta". ABC de Sevilla Newspaper. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "IAAF Label Road Races Calendar 2018". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved 3 April 2019.