|Sport||Outdoor track and field|
The IAAF Golden League was an annual series of outdoor track and field meetings organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Athletes who won specific events at all of the series meetings were awarded a jackpot prize, sometimes given in gold bars, which inspired the series name. The competition began with seven meetings and it lasted for twelve years as the IAAF's top tier of one-day meetings. Within the IAAF's global circuit, athletes received additional points for their performances at the Golden League for the IAAF Grand Prix (1998–2002), IAAF World Outdoor Meetings (2003–2005), then IAAF World Athletics Tour (2006–2009). The Golden League was replaced in 2010 by the Diamond League, which marked an expansion to fourteen seasonal meetings covering all track and field events except the hammer throw.
The origins of the Golden League trace back to the Golden Four series that ran from 1993 to 1997, comprising four top level European meetings on the IAAF Grand Prix circuit (Berlin, Brussels, Oslo, and Zürich). The first Golden League was held as the new top tier of the 1998 IAAF Grand Prix and consisted of the former Golden Four meetings, plus Rome, Monaco, and the 1998 IAAF Grand Prix Final in Moscow. From the 1999 IAAF Golden League onwards, the Meeting Gaz de France in Paris was added and the Grand Prix Final dropped. That year all meetings were scheduled for Wednesday evenings in order to improve the sport's television coverage. When the IAAF Grand Prix was succeeded by the IAAF World Outdoor Meetings series in 2003, the Monaco meeting was removed from the Golden League series and made host of the IAAF World Athletics Final instead. The Golden League meetings remained unchanged from 2003 to 2009.
|Edition||Year||Start date||End date||Meets||Jackpot
|1||1998 ()||9 July||1 September||7||12||1||2||N/A||3||4||5||6||7||1998 IAAF Grand Prix|||
|2||1999 ()||30 June||7 September||7||12||1||2||3||4||5||6||7||N/A||1999 IAAF Grand Prix|||
|3||2000 ()||23 June||1 September||7||12||3||2||1||5||4||6||7||N/A||2000 IAAF Grand Prix|||
|4||2001 ()||29 June||31 August||7||14||3||1||2||4||5||6||7||N/A||2001 IAAF Grand Prix|||
|5||2002 ()||28 June||6 September||7||12||1||3||2||4||5||6||7||N/A||2002 IAAF Grand Prix|||
|6||2003 ()||27 June||5 September||6||12||1||3||2||N/A||4||5||6||N/A||2003 IAAF World Outdoor Meetings|||
|7||2004 ()||11 June||12 September||6||12||1||2||3||N/A||4||5||6||N/A||2004 IAAF World Outdoor Meetings|||
|8||2005 ()||1 July||4 September||6||11||3||2||1||N/A||4||5||6||N/A||2005 IAAF World Outdoor Meetings|||
|9||2006 ()||2 June||3 September||6||11||1||3||2||N/A||4||5||6||N/A||2006 IAAF World Athletics Tour|||
|10||2007 ()||15 June||16 September||6||10||1||3||2||N/A||4||5||6||N/A||2007 IAAF World Athletics Tour|||
|11||2008 ()||1 June||5 September||6||10||2||3||4||N/A||5||6||1||N/A||2008 IAAF World Athletics Tour|||
|12||2009 ()||14 June||4 September||6||10||2||3||4||N/A||5||6||1||N/A||2009 IAAF World Athletics Tour|||
|12||Bislett Games||Bislett Stadium||Oslo||Norway||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|12||Memorial Van Damme||King Baudouin Stadium||Brussels||Belgium||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|12||Golden Gala||Stadio Olimpico||Rome||Italy||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|11||Meeting Areva||Stade de France||Paris||France||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|5||Herculis||Stade Louis II||Fontvieille||Monaco||•||•||•||•||•|
|1||IAAF Grand Prix Final||Luzhniki Stadium||Moscow||Russia||•|
- In 2004, the Bislett Games were moved from Oslo to the Fana Stadion in Bergen due to the redevelopment of the Bislett Stadium. The renovation was a requirement to its maintaining Golden League status.
The jackpot and its eligibility rules changed through the competition's history. Each year, a number of men's and women's events were made eligible for the Golden League jackpot if an athlete won their event at all Golden League meetings. This ranged from five to eight men's events and five to six women's events for each year. In the first two years, jackpot winners shared in a US$1 million prize. In 2000 and 2001, this was changed to 50 kg of gold bars and athletes only had to win at 5 out of 7 meetings to qualify for the jackpot. In 2003, the prize structure reverted to US$1 million for athletes winning at all the meets only, and a new stipulation was that athletes also had to compete at the IAAF World Athletics Final.
From 2006 onwards, the jackpot events were set to five men's events and five women's events, ensuring gender equality. The award structure was also changed in 2006 so that athletes who won any five of the six events shared in a purse of US$250,000, while the remaining US$750,000 would be divided among athletes who won all six meetings. This was to a response to the fact that only four athletes shared in the jackpot in the three previous seasons. From 2007 onwards, the jackpot was again only shared amongst athletes who won at all six meetings.
|1500 m/Mile||El Guerrouj||El Guerrouj||El Guerrouj||El Guerrouj||9||4|
|3000 m/5000 m||Bekele||Bekele||6||2|
|5000 m/10,000 m||Gebrselassie||1||1|
|110 m hurdles||Johnson||6||1|
|400 m hurdles||Sánchez||5||1|
|3000 m s'chase||2||-|
|3000 m/5000 m||Szabó||Yegorova||Dibaba||6||3|
|5000 m/10,000 m||-||-|
|100 m hurdles||8||-|
|400 m hurdles||4||-|
|3000 m s'chase||-||-|
- The 2006 series had a split prize pot, with US$250,000 shared between the athletes who won at five meetings, and US$750,000 being shared among athletes who won at all six meetings.
Events by year
- PLUS: TRACK AND FIELD; Golden League Format Unchanged. New York Times (2000-12-18). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- 1998 Grand Prix Standings. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- Grand Prix Schedule 2003. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- World Athletics Tour Results 2009. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "IAAF to launch global Diamond League of 1 Day Meetings". IAAF. 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Rowbottom, Mike (1997-11-22). Athletics: Golden Four extended with more money and meetings. The Independent. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- IAAF Ericsson $1 million dollar jackpot for Golden League. IAAF (1998-07-08). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Paris joins Golden Few. IAAF (1999-03-04). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- 42 outdoor Meetings in 1999 IAAF Calendar - All Golden League Meets on a Wednesday. IAAF (1998-10-28). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- World Athletics Final – a new concept based on a tradition of quality. IAAF (2003-07-18). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- 6 Golden League Meetings from 2003-2005. IAAF (2002-09-13). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- The TDK Golden League – Past and Present. IAAF (2004-03-29). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Twelve years of the IAAF Golden League. IAAF (2009-09-09). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Giorgio Lo Giudice (3 May 1998). "la May madrina a Rio". La Gazzetta dello Sport, gazzetta.it. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- "Prossima tappa a Roma, l'ultimo atto a Berlino il 7 September". La Gazzetta dello Sport, gazzetta.it. 30 June 1999. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- 1999 Grand Prix Standings. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "Melbourne lancia il Grand Prix". La Gazzetta dello Sport, gazzetta.it. 2 March 2000. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- 2000 Grand Prix Standings. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "IAAF GOLDEN LEAGUE 2001". iaaf.org. 2001. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- 2001 Grand Prix Standings. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "IAAF GOLDEN LEAGUE 2002". iaaf.org. 2002. Archived from the original on 1 August 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Grand Prix Schedule 2002. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "The IAAF Golden League – Past and Present". iaaf.org. 8 May 2003. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- "Golden League 2004 Results". iaaf.org. 2004. Archived from the original on 4 September 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- Grand Prix Schedule 2004. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "Compact calendar, bigger audiences - TDK Golden League 2005". iaaf.org. 5 January 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Grand Prix Schedule 2005. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "Men's distance event added to 2006 IAAF Golden League". iaaf.org. 3 February 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- World Athletics Tour 2006. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "One week until the $1 Million chase begins - IAAF Golden League 2007". iaaf.org. 8 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- World Athletics Tour 2007. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "Golden League Jackpot events confirmed for 2008". iaaf.org. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- World Athletics Tour Results 2008. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-09-01.
- "ÅF Golden League Jackpot events confirmed for 2009". iaaf.org. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- Great fields in Bergen will help 2004 TDK Golden League start in style. IAAF (2004-06-04). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Ten IAAF Golden League Events in 2006. IAAF (2005-11-28). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Ramsak, Bob (2006-09-03). The Jackpot Story - IAAF Golden League. IAAF. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Selected quotes – IAAF Golden League launch press conference, Oslo, Norway. IAAF (2006-06-01). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- ‘6 out of 6’ required for $1 Million IAAF Golden League Jackpot in 2007. IAAF (2006-12-06). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
- Won five of six events
- Golden League Intro Archived 2012-08-18 at the Wayback Machine. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-11-17.
- 1999 Bislett Games Archived 2012-08-17 at the Wayback Machine. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-11-17.
- ISTAF 2000 Archived 2012-08-17 at the Wayback Machine. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-20.
- Golden League 2001 Archived 2012-08-17 at the Wayback Machine. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-20.
- Golden League 2002 Archived 2012-08-16 at the Wayback Machine. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-04-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Golden League.|
- 2009 IAAF Golden League official website (archived)