|Literal meaning||Red, dangerous sea cliff|
|Other names||Hong Kong Hung Hom (China Railway, from 1 April 2019) |
Kowloon / Jiulong (China Railway, before 31 March 2019)
|Location||Cheong Wan Road, Hung Hom Bay|
Yau Tsim Mong District, Hong Kong
|Owned by||Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation|
|Operated by||MTR Corporation|
|Platforms||7 (3 island platforms and 1 side platform)|
|Connections||Bus, public light bus|
|Electrified||16 May 1982|
Hung Hom (Chinese: 紅磡; Cantonese Yale: Hùngham) is a passenger railway station in Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is the southern terminus of the East Rail line and West Rail line domestic services of the MTR network, as well as cross-border through trains to mainland China. The station is one of four Hong Kong ports of entry on the MTR network; the others are Lo Wu, Lok Ma Chau, and West Kowloon. As the station is located next to the Cross-Harbour Tunnel's northern portal, it is also served by many cross-harbour bus routes.
Opened as the new southern terminus of the Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR) on 30 November 1975 by Queen Elizabeth II, the station was originally named Kowloon station after the older terminus of the same name, which it replaced. The station was substantially expanded in the 1990s, at which time it was given its present name. The KCR British Section was also renamed East Rail in order to differentiate it from the new West Rail, which opened on 20 December 2003 and was extended to Hung Hom station on 16 August 2009.
Under the Sha Tin to Central Link project, which has been under construction since 2012, much of Hung Hom station has been reconstructed. A new immersed tube south of the station will carry East Rail line trains across Victoria Harbour to Central, while the West Rail line will be extended via eastern Kowloon to connect to the former Ma On Shan line, with the combined line being renamed "Tuen Ma line".
Former Hung Hom station
An older station of the same name once existed on Chatham Road. It was situated on the former coastline of Hung Hom Bay, at the southeastern corner of the Gun Club Hill Barracks (between the current-day Chung Sze Yuen Building A of Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the Hong Kong History Museum).
Relocation of Kowloon station
The old Kowloon station in Tsim Sha Tsui began operation in 1910. After decades of economic growth in Hong Kong, the station, situated at the seafront of Victoria Harbour, became too small and had no room for expansion. A new Kowloon station (the current Hung Hom station), situated to the east, was officially inaugurated by Chief Secretary Denys Roberts on 24 November 1975 as the new terminus of the Kowloon–Canton Railway. However, it did not start operating until a few days later. The old terminal at Tsim Sha Tsui was closed on 29 November 1975.
The first passenger train pulled out of the new station the following morning at 8:26 am. On 5 May 1975, Queen Elizabeth II unveiled a plaque commemorating the opening of the new terminal. The new station cost HK$150 million and offered modern new facilities including a spacious waiting hall, a restaurant, a bar, a bookstore, a bank, escalators, and closed circuit television. It was built along with a bus terminus and a multi-storey car park.
The controversial demolition of the old station commenced on 7 June 1978; a new complex of a concert hall and museums were built on Kowloon station's original site, but the clock tower was preserved as a Declared Monument.
Through trains to mainland China started running from Hung Hom station on 4 April 1979.
Renaming and expansion
The new station was renamed Hung Hom station around February or March 1996. The Kowloon-Canton Railway was renamed KCR East Rail in 1996, and subsequently the East Rail line upon the merger of MTRC (metro services) and KCRC (suburban train services) in December 2007.
A HK$1.3 billion expansion of Hung Hom station began on 16 March 1995, which included a new concourse designed by Foster and Partners. The expansion was completed in 1998. The passenger terminal now hosts ticket offices, waiting areas, shops and restaurants.
After decades of being the terminus station of the East Rail line, Hung Hom temporarily became an intermediate station when the East Rail was extended to East Tsim Sha Tsui station in 2004. This symbolic return to Tsim Sha Tsui of the then-Kowloon–Canton railway was followed by the inauguration of a westward Kowloon Southern Link to complete the West Rail line. On 16 August 2009, East Tsim Sha Tsui was transferred to the West Rail line. Hung Hom regained its status of terminus station, now of both railway lines.
To minimise confusion after the opening of Hong Kong West Kowloon, China Railways renamed the station on its systems to Hong Kong Hung Hom (previously Jiulong / Kowloon) on 1 April 2019.
As of 4 September 2019, Hung Hom station and its cross-border services cannot be found at China Railways official website, as opposed to high speed services at West Kowloon station.
Sha Tin to Central Link expansion
Currently an interchange station between the West Rail line and East Rail line, Hung Hom station will become an intermediate stop on the Sha Tin to Central Link, a railway line connecting Sha Tin to Hong Kong Island.
Under the North South Corridor concept, the East Rail line is currently being extended to Hong Kong Island via a new immersed tube tunnel south of the station. At the same time, the West Rail line is being extended to connect with the Tuen Ma line via East Kowloon.
To facilitate this expansion, new platforms are being built underneath the Hung Hom station Exit C concourse. The Tuen Ma line platforms will sit above the East Rail line platforms. New approach tracks have also been built north and south of the station.
Construction safety scandal
In 2018, a major scandal emerged regarding construction malpractice at the Hung Hom station construction site. In 2015, contractors building the concrete slab forming the Tuen Ma Line platform level reportedly cut off the ends of reinforcing bars that were supposed to be screwed into couplers within the diaphragm wall forming the side of the underground station box. The contractor then poured the concrete even though the bars were not connected to the couplers. As a result, engineers have cast doubt on the long-term structural safety of the slab.
The government has demanded that MTR Corporation submit a report on the safety of the station. An independent engineer, C M Wong & Associates Ltd., will conduct safety tests. On 12 June 2018, Chief Executive Carrie Lam announced that she will appoint a commission on inquiry, headed by Hong Kong judge Michael Hartmann, to investigate the scandal.
Exit C Concourse
|Exit C, a transport interchange|
|ticketing office, Customer Service Centre, toilets, Hong Kong Immigration Department|
and Customs and Excise Department checkpoints (for intercity train passengers)
|MTRShops, vending machines|
|U2||Exit A & B
|Exit A, B, footbridge, public transport interchange|
|Exit D Concourse||Exit D, footbridge, Customer Service|
|Footbridges||to Cross-Harbour Tunnel, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, |
Tsim Sha Tsui East, Hong Kong Museum of History,
Hong Kong Science Museum, Hung Hom
|Platform 1||East Rail line towards Sheung Shui (Mong Kok East) →|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Platform 2||← West Rail line towards Tuen Mun (East Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|Platform 3||← West Rail line towards Tuen Mun (East Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the right|
|Platform 4||East Rail line towards Sheung Shui (Mong Kok East) →|
|Platform 5||Guangzhou, Shanghai or Beijing →Intercity Through Train towards|
|Island platform, restricted access|
|Platform 6||Guangzhou, Shanghai or Beijing →Intercity Through Train towards|
|Platform 7||Disused freight platform|
|Side platform, restricted access|
An interchange for buses (lower level) and public light buses and taxis (upper level) is located outside the station building. The lower-level bus station is situated at the Kowloon entrance of the Cross-Harbour Tunnel. Elevated walkways connect the station to the Hong Kong Coliseum; Hong Kong Polytechnic University; the residential area of Hung Hom; and tourist attractions in eastern Tsim Sha Tsui, such as the Science Museum and the Avenue of Stars along Victoria Harbour.
- A1 – Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- A2 – Bus terminus on On Wan Road
- A3 – Northeast side of station
- B1 – Walkway to Hung Hom, Royal Peninsula, Harbour Place, Whampoa Garden
- B2 – Walkway to Exit C Concourse
- C1 – Bus Terminal; cross-harbour taxi stand
- C2 – Airport Express shuttle stand; walkway to Harbour Plaza Metropolis, Fortune Metropolis, Metropolis Residence, Metropolis Tower
- C3 – Taxi stand on Cheong Wan Road; Hong Kong Coliseum
- D1 – Walkway to Tsim Sha Tsui East and Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- D2, D3, D4 – Hong Kong Coliseum
- D5 – Tsim Sha Tsui Promenade
- D6 – Walkway to Exit C Concourse
- Kowloon–Canton railway 1910 Annual Report.
- Annual Departmental Report by the General Manager, Railway and Chief Resident Engineer for the Financial Year 1975-76. Hong Kong: Government Information Services. 1976.
- Hong Kong Kung Sheung Daily, 8 June 1978.
- Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Annual Report 1995. Hong Kong: Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation. 1996.
- Cheng, Kris (5 June 2018). "Gov't highly concerned about corner-cutting scandal at Hung Hom MTR station, says Chief Exec. Carrie Lam". Hong Kong Free Press.
- Cheng, Kris (6 June 2018). "MTRC top official unsure why contractors cut corners during Hung Hom MTR station expansion". Hong Kong Free Press.
- Cheng, Kris (12 June 2018). "Retired judge to lead investigation into corner-cutting scandal at the MTRC's Hung Hom station expansion". Hong Kong Free Press.
- "Hung Hom Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Hung Hom Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
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