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Humphrey McGuire Burton
25 March 1931
Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England
|Occupation||Television presenter, broadcaster and producer|
Sir Humphrey McGuire Burton(born 25 March 1931) is an English classical music television presenter, broadcaster, TV director, producer, impresario, lecturer and biographer of musicians.
Early life and career
Born in 1931 in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, he attended Long Dene, a co-educational progressive school 1943–47, and The Judd School, Tonbridge 1947–49, and did 18 months National Service in the Royal Corps of Signals before reading music and history at Fitzwilliam House, Cambridge during 1951–54. He then spent a year in France on a French Government scholarship, researching musical life in the 18th century, before joining BBC Radio as a trainee studio manager in 1955. He was seconded to the Recorded Programmes Production Unit and began regular broadcasts as a presenter of Transatlantic Turntable in 1957. The following year he transferred to BBC Television, joining the production team of the new arts programme Monitor. He directed many studio programmes and film documentaries, working alongside Ken Russell, John Schlesinger, David Jones and Peter Newington, rising to the post of editor, in succession to his mentor Huw Wheldon, in 1962.
He helped spearhead the BBC's preparation for the opening of BBC-2, launched in April 1964, and the following year was appointed the BBC's first Head of Music and Arts 1965–67. In 1965 he won BAFTA's top award of the year (then SFTA) for creativity in music programming; credits include The Golden Ring, Elgar (producer), Master Class and Workshop. He then worked for eight years in commercial television, being one of the founder members of London Weekend Television, where after a spell as head of Drama, Arts and Music he resigned from management and devised, edited and presented the award-winning arts series Aquarius (1970–75), the forerunner of The South Bank Show. His direction credits included The Great Gondola Race and Alfred Brendel: Anatomy of a Recording.
Burton returned to the BBC for a second term as head of Music and Arts, creating such long-running strands as Young Musician of the Year and Arena, until 1981, when aged 50 he resigned from management to concentrate on direction: he stayed with the BBC until 1988 as editor of performance programmes and director of Proms and opera relays from the Royal Opera House, English National Opera, Glyndebourne, and Scottish Opera (Bernstein's Candide). For Omnibus he directed the world premiere of Andrew Lloyd Webber's Requiem in 1985 and produced The Making of West Side Story.
Freelance work had begun in 1970, when he produced and directed an Emmy-winning bicentennial portrait entitled Beethoven's Birthday for CBS TV.  For later showings on A&E, and for VHS and DVD release, the program was retitled Bernstein on Beethoven: A Celebration in Vienna.  A 20-year association with conductor/composer Leonard Bernstein followed; he directed over 170 documentaries and filmed concerts, including cycles of symphonies by Mahler, Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms and many others, as well as Bernstein's own compositions. The films were almost all produced for the Munich company Unitel. He also worked with other great conductors, including Karajan, Solti, Kleiber, and Abbado, and with pianists including Pogorelic, Brendel and Zimerman.
He was guest director of the Hollywood Bowl in 1983 and director of Tanglewood's 70th Bernstein Birthday Bash in 1988. He served as Artistic Adviser to the Barbican 1988–91, where he was responsible for the award-winning festival of Scandinavian arts entitled Tender is the North. After Bernstein died in 1990, Burton spent three years in New York researching and writing his biography, Leonard Bernstein - A Life 1994. Other musician biographies followed: Yehudi Menuhin in 2000  and William Walton – The Romantic Loner (OUP 2002, co-authored with Maureen Murray). For the decade after his return from New York he worked in the US and Europe as director and/or programme presenter of classical music (for Classic FM and Radio 3), opera, ballet, documentaries and music competitions. He celebrated his 70th birthday by conducting Verdi's Requiem at the Royal Albert Hall, raising £75,000 for the prostate research charity. Later in 2001 he moved to Aldeburgh, where he has been President of the Aldeburgh Music Club since 2010 and has presented fifteen seasons of Matinées Musicales at the local cinema. In 2011 he mounted a Schubert weekend to mark his 80th birthday.
He has been awarded four Emmies and two British Academy Television Awards, the Royal Television Society's silver medal and a Sony Gold Award. He was appointed a CBE in the Millennium Honours 2000. In 1957 he married Gretel Davis, but the couple later divorced. In 1970 he married Swedish radio and TV presenter Christina Hansegård. He has six children, Chris Hockey, retired (b 1949); Clare Dibble, TV producer and schoolteacher (b 1959); Matthew Burton, actor-director-drama teacher (b 1962); Helena Burton, artist and art therapist (b 1968); Lukas Burton, TV/film composer and producer (b 1971); Clemency Burton-Hill, presenter, classical music (b 1981).
- Sole author
- Leonard Bernstein. New York: Doubleday, 1994. ISBN 0-385-42345-4 (10). ISBN 978-0-385-42345-8 (13).
- Yehudi Menuhin: A Life. Boston: Northeastern UP, 2001. ISBN 1-55553-465-1 (10). ISBN 978-1-55553-465-3 (13).
- William Walton: The Romantic Loner: A Centenary Portrait Album. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001. ISBN 0-19-816235-9 (10). ISBN 978-0-19-816235-3 (13). (With Maureen Murray.)
- Mozart, W.A.: Great Mass in C minor, Exsultate, jubilate and Ave verum corpus, with Arleen Augér, Frederica von Stade, Frank Lopardo, Cornelius Hauptmann, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra and the Bavarian Radio Chorus, conducted by Leonard Bernstein, Deutsche Grammophon DVD, 00440-073-4240, 2006
- Chapin, Schuyler. Leonard Bernstein: Notes from a Friend. New York: Walker & Company, 1992. ISBN 0-8027-1216-9 (10). ISBN 978-0-8027-1216-5 (13).
- Culshaw, John: 'Ring Resounding' London Secker and Warburg 1965