The Earl of Wemyss and March
|Member of Parliament for Ipswich|
1886 – 1895
(with Charles Dalrymple)
|Preceded by||Jesse Collings |
Henry Wyndham West
|Succeeded by||Charles Dalrymple |
Daniel Ford Goddard
|Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire|
|Preceded by||Lord Elcho|
|Succeeded by||Viscount Haldane|
Hugo Richard Charteris
25 August 1857
Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, UK
|Died||12 July 1937(aged 79)|
Mary Constance Wyndham
(m. 1883; her death 1937)
|Parents||The 10th Earl of Wemyss|
Lady Anne Anson
He was the fifth but eldest surviving son of The 10th Earl of Wemyss and his wife, Lady Anne Frederica Anson. His sister, Evelyn Charteris, was married to The 4th Viscount de Vesci; their only child (Mary Gertrude Vesey) was the second wife of Aubrey Herbert (second son of The 4th Earl of Carnarvon), whose daughter Laura Herbert married the writer Evelyn Waugh and was the mother of Auberon Waugh.
He entered Parliament for Haddingtonshire in 1883 (succeeding his father), but lost his seat in the 1885 general election. He returned to the House of Commons in the 1886 general election as one of two representatives for Ipswich, a seat he held until 1895. He succeeded his father in the two earldoms in 1914 and served as Lord-Lieutenant of Haddingtonshire from 1918 to 1937.
In 1883, he married Mary Constance Wyndham (1862–1937), daughter of the Hon. Percy Scawen Wyndham and sister of George Wyndham. They were both two of the original members of The Souls. His married life was detailed in the book The Wild Wyndhams by Claudia Renton. Among their children were:
- Captain Hugo Francis Charteris, Lord Elcho (1884–1916), killed in action during the Great War, whilst serving with the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. He is commemorated on the Jerusalem Memorial. He married Lady Violet Catherine Manners, the daughter of Henry Manners, 8th Duke of Rutland, in 1911.
- The Hon. Guy Lawrence Charteris (1886–1967).
- Lady Cynthia Mary Evelyn Charteris (1887–1960), a writer who married Herbert Asquith (1881–1947), son of Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.
- The Hon. Colin Charteris (1889–1892), who died young.
- Lady Mary Pamela Madeline Sibell Charteris (1895–1991), who married married Capt. Algernon Walter Strickland (1891–1938), son of Algernon Henry Peter Strickland, in 1915. After his death, she married Maj. John George Lyon, son of John Stewart Lyon, 4th of Kirkmichael, in 1943.
- Second Lieutenant The Hon. Yvo Alan Charteris (1896–1915), also killed in action during the Great War, whilst serving with 1st Bn. Grenadier Guards. He is buried in Sailly-Labourse Communal Cemetery, five kilometers southeast of Bethune.
- Lady Irene Corona Charteris (1902–1989), who married Ivor Windsor-Clive, 2nd Earl of Plymouth (1889–1943).
By 1912, Lady Angela Forbes was his mistress, sharing his house in East Lothian, while his wife lived at Stanway in Gloucestershire. Although he and his mistress lived together for many years, he remained married, and his wife became Countess of Wemyss when he inherited the earldom. She died in April 1937, aged 74. Lord Wemyss survived her by three months and died in July of the same year, aged 79. He is buried in the family burial enclosure on the north side of Aberlady churchyard.
Lord Wemyss was succeeded in his titles by his grandson David; two of his sons, Captain Hugo Francis Charteris (1884–1916) and Lt Yvo Alan Charteris (1896–1915), had been killed in action during the First World War. Hugo's second son was Martin Charteris, Baron Charteris of Amisfield.
His granddaughter was the socialite Ann Fleming, and his grandson, Hugo Charteris, was a renowned post-war author and screenwriter. He is the great-grandfather of the Scottish cartoonist Jamie Charteris.
An affair with Hermione Fitzgerald, Duchess of Leinster, allegedly produced a son, Edward FitzGerald, 7th Duke of Leinster.
- John Howard Wilson, Evelyn Waugh: a Literary Biography (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press 2001), p. 111 ff.: see also "Lady Evelyn Charteris", The Peerage, 30 May 2008.
- "Wemyss, Earl of (S, 1633)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- Renton, Claudia (30 January 2014). Those Wild Wyndhams. William Collins. ISBN 978-0007544899.
- Clayre Percy, "Forbes [née St Clair-Erskine], Lady Angela Selina Bianca (1876–1950)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (OUP, 2007)
- Arthur Balfour, Mary Elcho, The letters of Arthur Balfour and Lady Elcho, 1885-1917 (Hamilton, 1992), p. 295
- "Mary Constance Charteris, Countess of Wemyss". Librarything.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- Guest, Philip; Guest, Wendy (2012). "A Prime Minister and his Family at War: Part II". Siegfried's Journal. Siegfried Sassoon Fellowship. 22 (Summer 2012): 17–23.
- Andrew Lycett, "Fleming , Ann Geraldine Mary [other married names Ann Geraldine Mary O'Neill, Lady O'Neill; Ann Geraldine Mary Harmsworth, Viscountess Rothermere] (1913–1981)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2014 accessed 9 Feb 2017
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Wemyss
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire
1883 – 1885
Henry Wyndham West
| Member of Parliament for Ipswich
1886 – 1895
With: Charles Dalrymple
Daniel Ford Goddard
The Earl of Haddington
| Lord Lieutenant of East Lothian
The Lord Polwarth
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Wemyss
Francis David Charteris
| Earl of March|