|Amtrak Hudson Line|
Albany–Rensselaer station, a station on the Amtrak Hudson Line
|Other name(s)||CSX Hudson Subdivision|
|Locale||Upstate New York|
|Line length||93.9 mi (151.1 km)|
|Number of tracks||1-2|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||110 mph (180 km/h)|
The Amtrak Hudson Line, also known as the CSX Hudson Subdivision, is a railroad line owned by CSX Transportation and leased by Amtrak in the U.S. state of New York. The line runs from Poughkeepsie north along the east shore of the Hudson River to Rensselaer and northwest to Hoffmans via Albany and Schenectady along a former New York Central Railroad line. From its south end, CSX has trackage rights south to New York City along the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line. The Hudson Line junctions the Castleton Subdivision in Stuyvesant, Amtrak's Post Road Branch in Rensselaer, and the Carman Subdivision in Schenectady. Its northwest end is at a merge with the Mohawk Subdivision.
The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad opened a line from Albany to Schenectady in 1831. The Utica and Schenectady Railroad opened from Schenectady west to Utica in 1836, including the present Hudson Subdivision west of Schenectady. On the east side of the Hudson River, the Hudson River Railroad opened from New York City north to Rensselaer in 1851. The original Hudson River crossing was the Hudson River Bridge, but the Livingston Avenue Bridge, the current crossing, opened in 1902. The entire line became part of the New York Central, later Penn Central, and finally Conrail, through leases, mergers, and takeovers. The line was then assigned to CSX in the 1999 breakup of Conrail.
In October 2011, CSX and Amtrak reached an agreement for Amtrak to lease the line between Poughkeepsie and Schenectady, with Amtrak assuming maintenance and capital responsibilities. CSX will retain freight rights over the line, which hosts only five freights a day. Amtrak will use federal funds to double track the line between Rennselaer and Schenectady, and add an additional station track at the Albany-Rennsalaer station. Amtrak sees the lease as key to improving Empire Service speeds and frequencies. Amtrak officially assumed control on December 1, 2012, with trains in the section now dispatched by the Amtrak Control and Command Center in New York City.
As a segment of the Empire Corridor, the Hudson Line carries five Amtrak trains. The Empire Service, Lake Shore Limited, and Maple Leaf operate over the entire Hudson Line, while the Adirondack and Ethan Allen Express use the line southeast of the Delaware and Hudson Railway junction in Schenectady. The trackage west of that junction is owned by Amtrak and used by CSX via trackage rights.
The Hudson Line has four stations: Schenectady Intermodal Station, Albany–Rensselaer station, Hudson station, and Rhinecliff–Kingston station. Schenectady and Rensselaer are served by all five Amtrak services, while Hudson and Rhinecliff are bypassed only by the Lake Shore Limited. Poughkeepsie station is also part of the Amtrak Hudson Line, although Metro-North owns trackage up to a point 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the station.
Service on the line was originally established as the Hudson River Railroad in 1846, and later became part of the New York Central Railroad. Following New York Central's 1968 merger and 1970 bankruptcy, Conrail assumed responsibility to the line. Conrail abandoned all non-Amtrak stations in 1981, and when the Metro-North Railroad was established in 1983 to take over operations of what became the Hudson Line, service did not resume.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hudson Subdivision.|
- "Governor Cuomo Announces Hudson Rail Line Lease" (Press release). Albany, New York: New York State. December 4, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- CSX Timetables: Hudson Subdivision
- "PRR Chronology, 1831" (PDF). (70.4 KiB), June 2004 Edition
- "PRR Chronology, 1836" (PDF). (93.3 KiB), June 2004 Edition
- "PRR Chronology, 1851" (PDF). (67.7 KiB), March 2005 Edition
- "6) Livingston Avenue Bridge Rehabilitation". Capital District Transportation Committee. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 11, 2009.
- Eric Anderson (October 18, 2011). "Amtrak leasing track corridor". Times-Union. Retrieved October 25, 2011.
- Howe, Patricia; Katherine Moore (February 25, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Poughkeepsie Railroad station". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- "Hyde Park Station History". January 25, 2003. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- "Building Great American Stations". Amtrak. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- Thomas E. Rinaldi, Rob Yasinsac (2006). Hudson Valley Ruins: Forgotten Landmarks of an American Landscape, p.71. UPNE. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- Liebs, Chester H. (July 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Albany Union Station". Archived from the original on September 14, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011. and Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1905 and undated
- "Governor Cuomo Announces Grand Opening of Schenectady Train Station". Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. October 17, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.