|Died|| (aged 92)|
|Occupation||Archaeologist, professor, field researcher, academic journal editor|
|Known for||Excavation of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King|
|Influences||Pei Wenzhong and Xia Nai|
|Institutions||Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Xiamen University|
|Main interests||Imperial China from the Han to Tang dynasties|
Huang Zhanyue (Chinese: 黄展岳; August 1926 – 22 April 2019) was a Chinese archaeologist. He was a professor at the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and an honorary academician of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. His research focus was on the archaeology of China from the Han dynasty to the Tang dynasty.
Huang was born in August 1926 into a poor peasant family in Nan'an, Fujian, Republic of China. He tested into the Department of History of Peking University in 1950, and chose archaeology as his major two years later. After graduating in 1954, he was assigned to work for the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (now part of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences). In 1956, Huang became a doctoral student at the Institute of Archaeology with a concentration in the archaeology of Han to Tang dynasties.
During the Cultural Revolution, he was sent to perform hard labour at a May Seventh Cadre School in Henan. When the journal Acta Archaeologica Sinica resumed publication in 1972, Huang was transferred back to the Institute of Archaeology to serve as an editor. He later became deputy chief editor of the journal.
Huang was a professor at the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and an adjunct professor at Xiamen University. In 2011, he was elected an honorary academician of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
Huang died on 22 April 2019, at the age of 92.
Excavations and publications
Huang's research focus was on the archaeology of China from the Han dynasty to the Tang dynasty. He participated in or led excavations in Luoyang, Xi'an, Kunming, Guangzhou, and other sites. He published nine academic books (including three co-authored with others) and more than 200 research papers and excavation reports.
In 1953, Huang participated in his first excavations at Shaogou in Luoyang and Erligang in Zhengzhou, under the direction of Pei Wenzhong and Xia Nai. He authored the pottery section of the excavation report Shaogou Han Tombs of Luoyang (1959).
From 1958 to 1960, he led the excavation of the remains of Han dynasty imperial ritual buildings (including the Mingtang, Piyong, Taixue, ancestral temple, and others) south of Chang'an. Owing to the disruption of the Cultural Revolution and the dismissal of many of his colleagues, he was unable to publish the excavation report until 1998.
In 1983, Huang led the excavation of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King (Zhao Mo, died 122 BC) in Guangzhou, together with Mai Yinghao. They published the two-volume excavation report Mausoleum of the Nanyue King of the Western Han (西汉南越王墓) in 1991, which won several national awards including the 1993 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Research Award and the 1995 Xia Nai Archaeology Prize (First Class).
In 1990, he wrote Human Sacrifice in Ancient China (中国古代的人牲人殉), an overview of the topic which combines research from historical documents and archaeological discoveries. It also won the 1993 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Research Award. In 2004, he published an updated version of the book, entitled A General Treatise on Ancient Human Sacrifice (古代人牲人殉通论). It has been translated into Japanese.
- Song Jiangyun 宋江云 (2019-04-23). "著名考古学家黄展岳逝世，享年93岁". The Paper. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
- "黄展岳". Institute of Archaeology. 2014-06-05. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
- Wang Wei 王巍, ed. (2014). 中国考古学大辞典 [Great Dictionary of Chinese Archaeology] (in Chinese). Shanghai Cishu Chubanshe. p. 91. ISBN 978-7-5326-4027-0. OCLC 889734502.
- "2010我院荣誉学部委员增补结果公告". Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2019-05-07.