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Historic Hotel Congress
|Location||311 E Congress St., Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85701|
|Opening||November 18, 1918|
|Owner||Richard and Shana Oseran|
The Hotel Congress is a federally-recognized historic building located in downtown Tucson. It was built in 1918 and designed by the Los Angeles architectural firm William and Alexander Curlett as part of an expansion of Congress Street and in conjunction with the theatrical venue Rialto Theatre, which sits north of Congress Street. The rear of the building faces the historic Amtrak Southern Pacific train station, built by Southern Pacific in 1907. In addition to being a hotel, the Hotel Congress building also houses a restaurant, bar and music venue. The name "The Congress Hotel" was chosen through a naming competition organized by the Arizona Daily Star newspaper in 1918. The winning suggestion was announced on April 30, 1918, and it was submitted by Dorit Dinkel, who won $15 worth of baby bonds for having their name chosen. The Hotel Congress and its owners since 1985, Richard Oseran and Shana Oseran, have been a key cultural institution and boosters in the early 21st Century redevelopment of Downtown Tucson.
The Hotel is known for being the site of the capture of gangster and bank robber John Dillinger in 1934. After a series of bank robberies, the Dillinger Gang arrived in Tucson to hide out. On January 22, 1934, a fire started in the basement and spread up to the third floor, where the gang resided under aliases. After the desk clerk contacted them through the switchboard the gang escaped by aerial ladders. On the request of the gang, two firemen retrieved their luggage, identifying who they were. After being transferred to a jail in Crown Point, Indiana, Dillinger escaped again and was eventually shot down in Chicago, Illinois.
According to the National Registration listing, Alexander and William Curlett, Curlett and Son Architects of Los Angeles were the actual designers/architects. A newspaper article from the Arizona Daily Star, dated April 23, 1920, reported:
"A. E. Carlette (Curlett), architect of Los Angeles, was a visitor in Tucson yesterday stopping at the Santa Rita. Mr Carlette (Curlett) was the designer of the new Rialto Theatre and the Congress Hotel."
In early 1934 a fire destroyed the upper floor of the hotel, while John Dillinger and his gang were hiding out. Roy Place, local Tucson architect, rebuilt the upper floor in the same style as the original. A historic plaque on the south entrance of the hotel bears Place's name so it is often believed to be of his original design.
In 1985, a music venue was opened in the hotel, and has become a venue for touring bands playing in Tucson. In February 2005, the stage was completely redesigned by local Latino artist Daniel Martin Diaz, and it was named Best Functional Art Installation by Tucson Weekly in 2006. ZZ Top guitarist Billy Gibbons has said that the Tap Room at Hotel Congress is his favorite bar.
Club Congress is regarded as being the longest-running venue of its kind west of the Mississippi, and, in part because of this distinction, Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano issued a proclamation on July 25, 2005, that Labor Day Weekend would be known as "Club Congress Weekend". In 2004, the hotel's entertainment director David Slutes started a three-day, three-night live music event known as "HOCO Fest".
The hotel has basically maintained the inside decor as it was during the 1930s when the notorious gangster John Dillinger and his gang were arrested in 1934.
- Eubank, Johanna. "10 things you may not know about the Hotel Congress as it turns 100". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
- "Hotel Congress celebrates 100 years". KGUN. 2018-11-12. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
- Guides, Fodor's Travel (2015-11-10). Fodor's Arizona & the Grand Canyon. Fodor's Travel. ISBN 978-1-101-87904-7.
- Ring, Al; Bob (October 2015). "The Hotel Congress Fire and the Capture of John Dillinger" (PDF). Tucson Fire Foundation.
- Nequette, Anne M.; Jeffery, R. Brooks (2002). A Guide to Tucson Architecture. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-2083-1.
- 311 E. Congress St., Tucson Downtown / 4th Ave / University Arizona; 32.22229;-110.96666; 624-5019; location!, Be the first to review this. "Best Functional Art Installation 2006". Tucson Weekly. Retrieved 2019-11-21.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Tucson's apres-game music". Los Angeles Times. 2010-02-14. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
- Magahern, Jimmy (2005-09-01). "Legend City". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
- "Raising Arizona: How HOCO Fest is nurturing a cultural oasis in the desert". Mixmag. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
- "HOCO Fest | Tucson, AZ". HOCO Fest | Tucson, AZ. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
Media related to Hotel Congress at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Hotel Congress website
- For more on the original architectural firm, William Curlett and Son: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~npmelton/lacurl.htm
- Aleck Curlett, William Curlett's son, was still working under the family firm of William Curlett and Son. William died in 1914, and the hotel was designed in 1918. ("History of California and an Extended History of Los Angeles and Environs" by James Guinn, published 1915.)