Place of the Whales
|Province||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|Incorporated||May 12, 1969|
|• Type||Inuit Community Government|
|• Mayor (AngajukKâk)||Marjorie Flowers|
|• Federal MP||Yvonne Jones (L)|
|• Provincial MHA||Lela Evans (PC)|
|• Nunatsiavut Assembly member||Greg Flowers (I)|
|• Land||3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||157.9/km2 (409/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (Atlantic Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3 (Atlantic Daylight)|
Hopedale (Inuit: Arvituk) is a town located in the north of Labrador, the mainland portion of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Hopedale is the legislative capital of the Inuit Land Claims Area Nunatsiavut, and where the Nunatsiavut Assembly meets. As of 2014 it has a population of 583.
Hopedale was founded as an Inuit settlement named Agvituk, Inuktitut for "place of the whales". In 1782, Moravian missionaries from Germany arrived in the area to convert the population. They renamed the settlement Hopedale (Hoffental in German) shortly afterward. The Hopedale Mission is still standing and is thought to be the oldest wooden-frame building in Canada standing east of Quebec. As such, it was named a National Historic Site of Canada. It is currently run by the Agvituk Historical Society as a part of a museum on the history of missionaries in the area.
From 1953 to 1968 a joint Royal Canadian Air Force-United States Air Force's Hopedale Air Station was located on the hills above Hopedale. Civilian personnel lived in the main part of town. Since 1968 the area has remained abandoned other than maintenance of non-military communications towers nearby.
About 83% of the population identify themselves as Inuit, 16% are of mainly European descent, and 1% are of Punjabi origin. Many of the Inuit in the town are actually mixed Inuit and White.
Common surnames in Hopedale include Boase, Dicker, Flowers, Hunter, Jararuse, Lucy, Nochasak, Onalik, Pijogge, Tuglavina and Winters.
Churches in Hopedale include:
- Hopedale Moravian Church
- Hopedale Pentecostal Assembly
There are no roads that connect Hopedale with the rest of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Hopedale Airport, a small public airport, connects the area with small communities in Newfoundland and Labrador and connections beyond made via Goose Bay Airport. The airport was built in the mid 1960s to provide air support to former USAF Hopedale Air Station. Since 1968 the airport is used by civilians.
The airport handles only small turboprop aircraft or helicopters. There is only one service building at the airport. The airport is connected to Hopedale via Airstrip Road.
Local land based transportation in the community is made by private vehicles (cars, trucks, ATV) and snowmobile in winter. There are only a few roads in the community, all gravel:
- Airstrip Road - access to Hopedale Airport
- American Road - former access road to USAF radar stations and barracks
- Carpenter Road and Drive - serves new residential area
- Government Road - former route home to non-military personnel for former USAF radar station
- Nanuk Road
- Water Road - road to main part of Hopedale
There is no hospital located in Hopedale and only basic medical services are provided by Hopedale Community Clinic. The clinic is operated by Labrador-Grenfell Health Authority and is staffed by two nurses; a doctor visits town every six weeks and a dentist visits the town periodically. Advanced care requires patients to be flown out of town by air ambulance to the nearest hospital which is in Happy Valley-Goose Bay.
Hopedale Volunteer Fire Department is a small fire and rescue service with a single pumper stored at the fire hall located next to the RCMP detachment near Water Road.
Canada Post has a post office (19 Harbour Drive B) located in town.
DJ's Convenience, Big Land Grocery, Northland Enterprises (with Sylvia's Take Out) are the only stores selling food and other convenience goods in town.
AngajukKâk are equivalent of mayor in Hopedale and are elected every four years. The incumbent is Marjorie Flowers
There are few local attractions:
- Moravian Mission Complex and Museum
- Mid-Canada Line Site 200 - a former American and RCAF facility and was the most easterly repeater radar station and with view of Hopedale from the highest point in town
- Amaguk Inn - offers local accommodation for visitors (18 rooms) and also sells local arts and crafts
- Issenman, Betty. Sinews of Survival: The living legacy of Inuit clothing. UBC Press, 1997. pp252-254
- Hopedale Mission. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 July 2012.