Halydean (pronounced "Hollydeen," and also spelled "Holydean") is a Scottish feudal Crown Barony and Lordship in Roxburghshire in the neighbourhood of Kelso, in the Borderlands of Scotland, along the River Tweed. This area along the Tweed is home to the Scottish border clans, including the Armstrongs, Douglases, Elliots, Johnstones, Kers, Moffats, and many others. The Barony and Lordship of Halydean (Holydean) is one of the oldest Norman feudal baronies in Scotland with a living claimant.
The first Lord Halydean was created by King David I of Scotland when he erected the Barony and Lordship of Halydean in 1128. The Abbot of Kelso from Kelso Abbey was the local lord, who ruled one of the most powerful ecclesiastical burghs in all of Scotland. This burgh was rivaled only by St. Andrews (another burgh). David I brought the monks from Tiron in Picardy, whom he transferred from Selkirk. The monks were part of the peerage of Scotland until 1545 when the Earl of Hertford reduced the abbey to ruins. The next Lord of Halydean was made in 1602 when the Barony and Lordship of Halydean was assigned to Sir Rober Ker of Cessford, who was made 1st Earl of Roxburghe. One of his heirs became the Duke of Roxburghe, and eventually the Lordship and Barony of Halydean were assigned in the traditional Scottish manner to Clan Moffat, another Scottish border clan. Taylor Moffitt of Halydean is the present Baron and Lord of Halydean, the 15th Baron and Lord of Halydean since secularization in 1602. The incumbent is Ewan Moffitt of Halydean, according to the customs of primogeniture.
- The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland; Liber S. Marie de Calchou, Registrum Cartarum Abbacie Tironensis de Kelso, 1113-1567.
- Watt, D.E.R. & Shead, N.F. (eds.), The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries
- The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), p. 58-62
- Scottish Barony Register