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|Founded by||Sri Hindu Rao|
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Body||Hindupur Municipality|
|• Total||38.16 km2 (14.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||621 m (2,037 ft)|
|• Rank||275th (India)|
20th (in state)
|• Density||5,200/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC5:30 (IST)|
Hindupur is a city in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located at the edge of the Andhra–Karnataka border and is the headquarters of Hindupur mandal in the Hindupur revenue division. It is located 100 km from Bangalore the capital of Karnataka, 464 km from the de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh and 98 km from Anantapur the district Headquarters.
Hindupur Municipality has a population of 151,835 (2011 census). It is an important local pilgrimage center with a number of temples in and around the city, including Sri Peta Venkata Ramana Swamy Temple, Sree Vasavi Kanyaka Parameshwari Temple, Guddam Sri Ranganath Swamy Temple, Sugur Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple, and the historical Lepakshi Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple.
Hindupur is connected with the major cities in the region by road and by train. This includes National highway no.7, Bangalore Highway, Parigi Road, Lepakshi Road, Penukonda Road are a few to name. Hindupur railway station (code – 'HUP') in the Bangalore–Dharmavaram Junction stretch of the railway zone – South Western Railway is one of the busiest in the route. The Penukonda–Hindupur stretch has a number of industries involved in manufacturing, pharmaceutical, automobile and IT.
Climate and rainfall
Even in summers, the city experiences lower temperatures compared to rest of the state due to its high elevation. Average annual rainfall is 551mm.
As of 2011[update] census of India, the city had a population of 151,677. It had a growth of about 25 thousands compared to the last census in 2001, where it stands at 125,074. The present total population constitute, 76,625 males and 75,210 females — a sex ratio of 982 females per 1000 males, which is quite higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 16,309 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,263 are boys and 8,046 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 76.40% with 103,538 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%. Telugu is the official and spoken language.
Clothes and Retail (Referred to as Mundy Merchants Locally) are the most happening businesses in here, along with food producers and wholesalers. Hindupur has three privately run spinning mills and a food manufacturer called Kirikera Food Products Ltd.
Government and politics
Hindupur municipality was formed in the year 1920. It has an extent of 38.16 km2 (14.73 sq mi).
The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Hindupur bus station. Hindupur railway station is administered under the Bangalore division of the South Western Railway zone. It is located in the Guntakal–Bangalore section of Indian Railways.
There are many government and privately administered schools across the city. The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. There are government aided institutions like Government Polytechnic Hindupur and other private and government degree colleges and only one private engineering college. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu, Kannada and Urdu
- "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 3 December 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- "District Census Handbook – Hindupur" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14,46. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Anantapur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 429, 440. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Hindupur, India". fallingrain.com.
- "Alphabetical List of Towns and their Population" (PDF). Census of India. Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "Census of India : Provisional Population Totals : India :Census 2011". censusindia.gov.in. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- "Hindupur Municipality". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 3 December 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- "Hindupur railway station info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
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