|India (Himachal Pradesh)|
|ISO 639-2 / 5||him|
The Western Pahari languages are a group of Northern Indo-Aryan languages spoken in the western parts of the Himalayan range, predominantly in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, but also in parts of some neighbouring regions.
They are sometimes referred to as the Himachali languages (not to be confused with the Languages of Himachal Pradesh, some of which do not belong to this group). They are also often called simply Pahari, but this name is ambiguous as it used for other languages as well, including some other Northern Indo-Aryan languages of Uttarakhand and Nepal, as well as the Pahari of western Kashmir.
- Nuclear Himachali:
These languages are a dialect chain, and neighbouring varieties may be mutually intelligible. Some Western Pahari languages have occasionally been regarded as dialects of either Dogri, Hindustani or Punjabi.
A controversial theory, put forward by linguist Claus Peter Zoller, suggests that the Bangani language is closely related (or a part of) the Western Pahari languages, and has been misclassified as one of the Garhwali languages.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Himachali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- "Family: Himachali". Glottolog 4.1.
- "Tankri once the language of royals, is now dying in Himachal Pradesh - Hindustan times". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- "Ancient scripts of Indian Mountains fights for survival - Zee News". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- Masica, Colin P. (1991). The Indo-Aryan languages. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-23420-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)