Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Heydər Əliyev beynəlxalq hava limanı
|Owner||Government of Azerbaijan|
|Elevation AMSL||3 m / 10 ft|
Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev Beynəlxalq hava limanı) is one of the six international airports serving Azerbaijan. Formerly, it was called Bina International Airport by the name of a suburb in Baku. On 10 March 2004, the airport was renamed for the former president Heydar Aliyev, the third President of Azerbaijan. The airport is located 20 kilometers northeast of Baku, connected to the city by a modern highway, which was put into operation in 2008. The airport serves as the home base for national carrier Azerbaijan Airlines and Buta Airways.
The airport has a wide range of shops, restaurants and cafés as well as Duty Free stores in both the departures and arrivals areas. In addition to this, Terminal 1 contains five lounges as well as a spa.
Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport complies with international requirements. Its geographical location facilitates transfer flights between East and West and between North and South.
Two passenger terminals and two cargo terminals operate at Heydar Aliyev International Airport.
The old terminal built in Soviet times was entirely demolished and replaced by the new Terminal 1. The four-level engineering concept was developed in 2010 by Arup company with a tricorn shape and semi-transparent roof. The interior, designed by Turkish company AUTOBAN, has a series of oak-veneer “cocoons”.
There is Vanderlande baggage-handling system in Terminal 1, as well as L-3 equipment for thorough baggage inspection and scanners designed to obtain a layered image of the internal structure of the object.
Terminal 1 operates jet bridges capable of receiving 12 aircraft simultaneously. Two jet bridges are intended for accommodating the world's largest passenger aircraft, the Airbus A380.
30 Schindler escalators and 21 elevators are installed in Terminal 1. Terminal 1 is equipped with a Building Management System (BMS) which is designed to automate processes and operations that are implemented in modern buildings and is the technical basis of the so-called intelligent buildings. Also, Terminal 1 is equipped with a separate system of resources support, such as electricity, lighting, ventilation, heating, air conditioning, water supply and sewerage.
In April 2014, Terminal 1 was commissioned. Its total area is 65,000 square meters. The terminal is designed for 6 million passengers per year. It currently serves up to 3 million passengers annually. The total parking area is 20,000 square meters for 600 vehicles.
In May 2018, Terminal 1 was rated “5 stars” by Skytrax, a British airline- and airport-rating company.
Architect Denisov Viktor Vasilyevich is the author of the project of Terminal 2, which currently serves both domestic flights (South entrance) and international flights of low-cost airlines (North entrance). The project was awarded the first prize in competition in 1981. The project was implemented in 1989.
The airport has two runways; Runway 16/34 is 3,995 by 60 m (13,107 by 197 ft), runway 17/35 is 3,200 by 45 m (10,499 by 148 ft).
Airlines and destinations
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Sheraton Baku Airport Hotel with 205 rooms is located on the territory of Heydar Aliyev International Airport.
Passengers with children
International Terminal provides baby care room, play area as well as diaper changing tables.
Services for passengers with reduced mobility
The airport provides personal assistance to passengers with disabilities, special parking spaces, information desks and check-in counters, 24/7 medical center service, if necessary, ambulifts for pickup on board aircraft. Airport staff will escort registered passengers to the lounge and then to the boarding gate.
Bus and taxi
BakuBus H1 buses run 24 hours a day from 28 May Metro Station to Baku Airport. The traffic interval is 30 minutes in the afternoon and hourly at night. The airport is reached from Baku (and back) by private taxi in about 20 minutes.
Transport and parking
To reach the airport by a car from the capital either on the airport highway through Heydar Aliyev Avenue, or on Zikh highway through Nobel Avenue. Parking lots designed for more than 1,600 cars in total, are available in front of each terminal.
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Media related to Heydar Aliyev International Airport at Wikimedia Commons