Henry Room was born in Newhall Street, the son of John Room, a japanner, and studied at Joseph Barber's drawing school on Great Charles Street. An original member of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, he was also one of the group of artists that broke away from the Society in 1828 to exhibit at a rival institution in Temple Row. Room was in London in the late 1820s, sharing a studio with Peter Hollins in Old Bond Street. He was a deacon in the church of John Morison. He was a frequent exhibitor at the Royal Academy from 1826 onwards and completed many portraits of missionaries, academics and reformers which were engraved by John Cochran. Room maintained close links with Birmingham and was appointed as auditor for the newly formed Birmingham Society of Artists in 1842. He died in London on 27 August 1850, aged 48.
He had a reputation as a painter of portraits, and received commissions, some of his portraits being engraved. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1826. He practised for some time at Birmingham. He painted a portrait of Thomas Clarkson for the Central Negro Emancipation Committee, and also two groups of the Interview of Queen Adelaide with the Madagascar Princes at Windsor, and The Caffre Chiefs' Examination before the House of Commons Committee. Many of his portraits were executed for the Evangelical Magazine. He painted a series of medical men for Thomas Joseph Pettigrew's Biographical Memoirs (1839).
- Flynn, Brendan (2014). A Place for Art: The Story of the RBSA. Royal Birmingham Society of Artists. ISBN 978-0-9930294-0-0.
- "A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851, Peter Hollins". Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- The Baptist Magazine. 1850. p. 700. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- Thomas Joseph Pettigrew (1839). Biographical memoirs of the most celebrated physicians, surgeons, etc. who have contributed to the advancement of medical science. Whittaker and co. p. 40. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Room, Henry". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.