Henry Primakoff (* February 12, 1914 in Odessa, Russian Empire; † July 25, 1983 in Philadelphia, United States) was a theoretical physicist who is famous for his discovery of the Primakoff effect.
|Born||February 12, 1914|
|Died||February 25, 1983|
|Alma mater||Columbia University (AB, AM)|
New York University (PhD)
|Awards||National Academy of Sciences|
|Institutions||Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (1938-1940)|
Queens College, New York (1940-1942)
Columbia University (1942-1945)
New York University (1945-1946)
Washington University in St. Louis (1946-1960)
University of Pennsylvania (1960-1983)
Primakoff contributed to the understanding of weak interactions, double beta decay, spin waves in ferromagnetism, and the interaction between neutrinos and the atomic nucleus. He also developed the Holstein-Primakoff transformation which is designed to treat spin waves as bosonic excitations.
In 1940 he worked at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, subsequently at the Queens College, and then at Washington University in St. Louis starting in 1946. Primakoff was the first Donner Professor of Physics in the University of Pennsylvania. He was married to Mildred Cohn from 1938 until his death in 1983. In 1968 he was elected a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. In 2011 the American Physical Society established the Henry Primakoff Award for Early-Career Particle Physics.
- Amado, Ralph D.; Mann, Alfred K. (December 1983). "Henry Primakoff". Physics Today. 36 (12): 72–73. Bibcode:1983PhT....36l..72A. doi:10.1063/1.2915406.
- "Primakoff, H. (Henry), 1914-1983". history.aip.org. Retrieved 2019-12-14.
- Primakoff, H.; Rosen. S. P. (1959). "Double beta decay". Reports on Progress in Physics. 22 (1): 121. Bibcode:1959RPPh...22..121P. doi:10.1088/0034-4885/22/1/305. S2CID 123251688.
- Primakoff, H.; Rosen, S. P. (25 August 1969). "Nuclear double-beta decay and a new limit on lepton conservation". Phys. Rev. 184 (5): 1925. Bibcode:1969PhRv..184.1925P. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.184.1925.
- Read "Biographical Memoirs: V.66" at NAP.edu.
- Maugh, Thomas H. (2009-10-13). "Mildred Cohn dies at 96; chemist applied physics to problems of biology, earned National Medal of Science". Los Angeles Times.
- Henry Primakoff Award for Early-Career Particle Physics
- Henry Primakoff National Academy of Sciences biographical memoirs.
- Henry Primakoff, Array of Contemporary American Physicists, AIP
- publications of primakoff,h - INSPIRE-HEP