Born in St. Louis, Missouri to German immigrants, Niedringhaus attended the public schools, Central Wesleyan College, Warrenton, Missouri, and Smith Academy, a branch of Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. He engaged in manufacturing pursuits, serving as general manager of the National Enameling & Stamping Co. in Granite City, Illinois. He served as chairman of the board of governors of Shriners' Hospital for Crippled Children, St. Louis, Missouri from 1924 to 1941.
Niedringhaus was elected as a Republican to the Seventieth, Seventy-first, and Seventy-second Congresses (March 4, 1927 – March 3, 1933). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932 to the Seventy-third Congress. He retired from active business pursuits and resided in St. Louis, Missouri, until his death in August 3, 1941. He was interred in Bellefontaine Cemetery.
- United States Congress. "Henry F. Niedringhaus (id: N000105)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Cleveland A. Newton
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 10th congressional district