Henniker, New Hampshire
Congregational Church (left), Henniker Historical Society Museum (right)
The Only Henniker on Earth
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire
|• Board of Selectmen||Kris Blomback, Chair|
Peter R. Flynn
D. Scott Osgood
|• Town Administrator||Joseph Devine|
|• Total||44.8 sq mi (116.1 km2)|
|• Land||44.1 sq mi (114.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2) 1.52%|
|Elevation||436 ft (133 m)|
|• Density||110/sq mi (42/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873623|
Henniker is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 4,836. Henniker is home to New England College and Pats Peak Ski Area. Henniker is a college town and resort area, featuring both skiing and white-water kayaking.
The main village of the town, where 1,747 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Henniker census-designated place (CDP), and is located along the Contoocook River at the junction of New Hampshire Route 114 with Old Concord Road. The town also includes the village of West Henniker.
It was first known as "Number Six" in a line of settlements running between the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. In 1752, the Masonian Proprietors granted the land to Andrew Todd, who called it "Todd's Town". Settled in 1761 by James Peter, it was dubbed "New Marlborough" by others from Marlboro, Massachusetts. Incorporated in 1768 by Governor John Wentworth, the town was named for Sir John Henniker, a London merchant of leather and fur, with shipping interests in Boston and Portsmouth.
Farmers found the town's surface relatively even, with fertile soil. Various mills operated by water power on the Contoocook River, including a woolen factory. By 1859, the population was 1,688. But mills in Henniker were closed in 1959 by the Hopkinton-Everett Lakes Flood Control Project.
Beginning in the late 1800s, the river's scenic beauty attracted tourism.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 116.1 square kilometres (44.8 sq mi), of which 114.3 square kilometres (44.1 sq mi) is land and 1.8 square kilometres (0.69 sq mi) is water, comprising 1.52% of the town. The village of Henniker, or census-designated place (CDP), has a total area of 3.6 square kilometres (1.4 sq mi), all land.
Craney Hill, elevation 1,402 feet (427 m) above sea level and home of Pat's Peak ski area, is in the south. The highest point in Henniker is an unnamed summit near the town's northwest corner, with an elevation of 1,552 ft (473 m). Henniker is drained by the Contoocook River and Amey Brook; the town lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.
- Warner (north)
- Hopkinton (east)
- Weare (southeast)
- Deering (south)
- Hillsborough (west)
- Bradford (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,836 people, 1,780 households, and 1,124 families residing in the town. There were 1,928 housing units, of which 148, or 7.7%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the town was 95.7% white, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.5% some other race, and 1.1% from two or more races. 1.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 1,780 households, 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were headed by married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41, and the average family size was 2.91. 541 residents, or 11.3% of the population, lived in group quarters rather than households.
In the town, 19.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 21.3% were from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.
For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $67,197, and the median income for a family was $80,845. Male full-time workers had a median income of $67,755 versus $49,677 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,377. 10.3% of the population and 3.3% of families were below the poverty line. 12.8% of the population under the age of 18 and 5.5% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.
In the New Hampshire Senate, Henniker is in the 15th District, represented by Democrat Dan Feltes. On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Henniker is in the 2nd District, represented by Democrat Andru Volinsky. In the United States House of Representatives, Henniker is in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster.
Henniker is part of New Hampshire School Administrative Unit #24, which also includes Weare and Stoddard, New Hampshire. Kindergarten and primary school students attend Henniker Community School, while secondary level students attend John Stark Regional High School in Weare. Henniker is also home to New England College, a four-year private liberal arts college. Henniker has a free library for residents, two community centers, and a Parent-Teacher Association.
- Amy Beach, composer and pianist
- Laurie D. Cox, landscape architect, lacrosse coach and college president
- Robert Goodenow, US congressman
- Rufus K. Goodenow, US congressman
- Ocean Born Mary, subject of a local ghost legend
- James W. Patterson, US congressman and senator
- Parker Pillsbury, minister; advocate for abolitionism and women's rights
- Edna Dean Proctor, writer
- Jacob Rice, state legislator
- Kristen Ulmer, extreme skier and writer
- Ted Williams, left fielder with the Boston Red Sox and manager of the Washington Senators/Texas Rangers
Sites of interest
- Ames State Forest
- Craney Hill State Forest
- Henniker Historical Society at Henniker Academy
- New England College
- Pats Peak
- United States Census Bureau, U.S. Census website, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
- Austin J. Coolidge & John B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
- Padden, Carol (2010), "Sign Language Geography", in Mathur, Gaurav; Napoli, Donna (eds.), Deaf Around the World (PDF), New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 19–37, ISBN 0199732531, retrieved November 25, 2012CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Paintball History – How it all started !!". www.paintball-guns.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Henniker town, Merrimack County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Henniker town, Merrimack County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- Henniker Historical Society, "Introduction to the History of Henniker"
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