|Founded||1889 as Päivälehti |
1905 as Helsingin Sanomat
Helsingin Sanomat (approx.: Helsinki times/news), abbreviated HS and colloquially known as Hesari, is the largest subscription newspaper in Finland and the Nordic countries, owned by Sanoma. Except after certain holidays, it is published daily. Its name derives from that of the Finnish capital, Helsinki, where it is published.
History and profile
Political censorship by the Russian authorities, prompted by the paper's strong advocacy of greater Finnish freedoms and even outright independence, forced Päivälehti to often temporarily suspend publication, and finally to close permanently in 1904. Its proprietors re-opened the paper under its current name in 1905.
The relationship between the owners of Helsingin Sanomat and Finland's government have sometimes been close. For instance, during the run-up to the Winter War, Eljas Erkko was at the same time the paper's publisher and Finland's foreign minister.
Mikael Pentikäinen was the editor-in-chief until May 2013 when he was fired from the post. Riikka Venäläinen replaced him temporarily in the post. After Riikka Venäläinen the post has been held by Kaius Niemi.
Helsingin Sanomat is published daily in Finnish in compact format with the exception of the days after public holidays when the paper does not appear. Subscriptions make up 97% of the newspaper's circulation. The front page is usually devoted to advertisements.
The paper also has a monthly supplement named Kuukausiliite (Finnish for "Monthly Supplement"), and a weekly TV guide and entertainment-oriented supplement named Nyt ("Now"). Between 1999 and 2012 there were also both Finnish and English-language online newspaper editions.
Content of Helsingin Sanomat can be accessed also through mobile devices.
Circulation and influence
The circulation of Helsingin Sanomat was 476,163 copies in 1993, making it the most read newspaper in Finland. In the period of 1995–96 the paper had a circulation of 470,600 copies. Its circulation was 446,380 copies in 2001, making it the largest paper in the country. In 2008 its daily circulation was 412,421 on weekdays (a change of −1.8% from 2007) and 468,505 on Sundays (−1.3%). In 2011 the daily had a circulation of 365,994 copies, making it the most read paper in the country. The same year it was also the largest paper in terms of readership.
Approximately 75% of households in the Greater Helsinki region subscribe to Helsingin Sanomat, and it functions as the region's local paper. Its total daily circulation is well over 400,000, or about 8% of Finland's total population, making it the biggest daily subscription newspaper in the Nordic countries.
The paper is a significant factor in Finnish society and in public opinion. Pertti Klemola, a Finnish journalist and scholar, once called it a state authority, an institution with its own independent social and political will.
Helsingin Sanomat strongly advocated Finland joining the European Union in the run-up to the decision to do so in 1994. It has also openly expressed support for Finland's membership of NATO. In fact, it supports the participation of Finland in all Western institutions.
Helsingin Sanomat International Edition
The International Edition launched on 14 September 1999 with the aim of informing readers of news from Finland during the Finnish presidency of the European Union. It continued after the European presidency owing to the quantity of readers it was getting became one of the major English-language sources of news regarding Finland—making it popular with English-speaking immigrants to the country.
The Helsingin Sanomat International Edition closed down on 26 October 2012. English material is now published in cooperation with Helsinki Times weekly newspaper. For a while, Helsingin Sanomat also published some of its material in Russian, but the service was discontinued on 6 October 2014.
- The Europa World Year Book 2003. Taylor & Francis. 10 July 2003. p. 1613. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Sanoma News: History Archived 2011-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Sanoma News: History Archived 2011-05-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Sanoma News: History Archived 2011-05-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Bernard A. Cook (2001). Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. p. 384. ISBN 978-0-8153-4057-7. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Helsingin Sanomat: Who? Aatos Erkko Archived 2011-07-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Georgios Terzis (2007). European Media Governance: National and Regional Dimensions. Intellect Books. p. 100. ISBN 978-1-84150-192-5. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Helsingin Sanomat chief fired". YLE. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Iisalmen Sanomat: Former HS chief proposes alliance between Yle and newspapers". YLE. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Kaius Niemi johtamaan Helsingin Sanomia". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 2020-03-06.
- Finnish Audit Bureau of Circulations Statistics Archived 2009-06-01 at the Wayback Machine
- "Ensimmäinen HS-tabloidi on tässä". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 7 January 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Helsingin Sanomat: About
- Media Policy: Convergence, Concentration & Commerce. SAGE Publications. 24 September 1998. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-4462-6524-6. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Mary Kelly; Gianpietro Mazzoleni; Denis McQuail (31 January 2004). The Media in Europe: The Euromedia Handbook. SAGE Publications. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-7619-4132-3. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- Sanna Koskinen; et al. (2014). "Media portrayal of older people as illustrated in Finnish newspapers". International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being. 9. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- Juho Rahkonen (2007). "Public Opinion, Journalism and the Question ofFinland's Membership of NATO" (PDF). Nordicom Review. 28 (2). Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- Pertti Klemola (1981). Helsingin Sanomat, sananvapauden monopoli. Otava. p. 13. ISBN 951-1-06118-6.
- "TNS Gallup Metrix weekly site rankings". TNS Gallup. Retrieved 6 July 2009.
- Kari Karppinen; Hannu Nieminen; Anna-Laura Markkanen (2014). "High Professional Ethos in a Small, Concentrated Media Market" (PDF). Blogipalvelut. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Helsingin Sanomat closes down International Edition". Yle Uutiset. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- William Moore (23 October 2012). "Things Have Changed (The End is Nigh)". Helsingin Sanomat International Edition. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
On 14 September 1999… The Helsingin Sanomat International Edition was launched on this day on an unsuspecting world, initially for the duration of that first Finnish EU Presidency spell.
- "The International Edition Closed Down on October 26th". Helsinki Sanomat International Edition. 28 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- "Helsingin Sanomat and Helsinki Times to cooperate". Helsinki Times. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- Русскоязычный сайт ”Хельсингин Саномат” закрывается. 5 October 2014.
- Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 156–61