Helmut Berger at his home in Rome in 1972
29 May 1944
|Spouse(s)||Francesca Guidato (1994–present) (separated)|
|Partner(s)||Luchino Visconti (1964–1976)|
Helmut Berger (German pronunciation: [ˈhɛlmuːt ˈbɛʁɡɐ] (listen); born Helmut Steinberger; 29 May 1944) is an Austrian film and television actor. Berger, who often portrayed narcissistic and sexually ambiguous characters, was one of the best-known stars of the European cinema in the late 1960s and 1970s.
Berger is most famous for his work with Luchino Visconti, particularly in his performance as King Ludwig II of Bavaria in Ludwig, for which he received a special David di Donatello award, and his performance in The Damned for which he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award. He appears primarily in European cinema, but has also acted in American productions such as The Godfather Part III as well as a guest appearance on the soap opera, Dynasty.
Early life and education
Berger was born in Bad Ischl, Austria, into a family of hoteliers. After receiving his Abitur, Berger initially trained and worked in this field, even though he had no interest in gastronomy or the hospitality industry. At age eighteen, he moved to London, England, where he did odd jobs while taking acting classes. After studying languages at University of Perugia in Italy, Berger moved to Rome, Italy.
He first met the film director Luchino Visconti in 1964. Visconti gave him his first acting role in the film Le streghe (The Witches, 1967) (in the episode "La Strega Bruciata Viva"), but he gained international prominence as the amoral Martin von Essenbeck in Visconti's The Damned (1969). In that film, in what is perhaps his best-known scene, he pretends to be Marlene Dietrich in the film The Blue Angel (1930). It was followed by the title role in the Oscar Wilde adaption Dorian Gray (1970) and a leading role in the Oscar-winning Italian drama film The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (1970). In Visconti's Ludwig (1972), Berger portrays Ludwig II of Bavaria from his blooming youth to his dissolute final years. Romy Schneider starred alongside him in the film. This performance got him a David di Donatello award and is perhaps his most famous role. In 1974, Berger starred with Burt Lancaster in Visconti's Conversation Piece. The story of Conversation Piece is often considered as an allegory of the personal relationship between Berger and Visconti. On several occasions Berger mentioned this film as his favorite.
In the following he played leading roles in international productions such as Ash Wednesday (1973) alongside Elizabeth Taylor and Henry Fonda. Another film was The Romantic Englishwoman (1975) alongside Michael Caine and Glenda Jackson. He also appeared in Tinto Brass's controversial film, Salon Kitty (film) with Ingrid Thulin in 1976. Well-known photographers including Helmut Newton, Mary Ellen Mark and David Bailey published series of pictures of him. Andy Warhol made polaroids of him and produced serigraphs. Berger was also, in 1970, alongside his then-girlfriend Marisa Berenson, the first man on the cover of Vogue.
The death of his partner Luchino Visconti in 1976 plunged him into a personal crisis. Exactly one year after Visconti died, Berger tried to commit suicide but was found in time to be saved. In the following time the abuse of drugs and alcohol shadowed his acting career. In 1980 Berger was cast by Claude Chabrol as Fantômas before he went to America to work in television in the role of Peter De Vilbis in nine episodes (1983–1984) of the American prime time soap opera Dynasty, which he said he did only for money. He would later say he was "crying on the way to the set but laughing on the way to the bank". This was his last appearance in a television series. He continued working in the US on various projects, most notably starring in Code Name: Emerald in 1985. In Europe, he acted the TV-miniseries The Betrothed in 1989.
In 1990, Berger appeared in The Godfather Part III. He later appeared in the music video to Madonna's song "Erotica" in 1992, and also appeared in Madonna's book Sex. In 1993, Berger reprised his role as King Ludwig II. in the critically acclaimed film Ludwig 1881. Throughout the second half of the 1990s, he concentrated mainly on European productions, acting in films directed by Christoph Schlingensief, Yves Boisset and many others.
From the early 2000s to 2009, Berger largely withdrew from the acting world, moving to Salzburg to his mother who was in need of care. She died in 2009. Since then, he has acted in bigger film productions again.
2012, Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf Verlag published Helmut Berger – A Life in Pictures, a coffee table book about his life, featuring many previously unreleased photographs of his life and films plus essays in German, English, Italian and French. The book was well received by the press.
In the thriller film Iron Cross (2009) Berger played Shrager, an aging character believed to be an old SS commander responsible for murdering Jews during World War II. In recent years, Berger has starred in two films directed by Peter Kern – Blutsfreundschaft (shown at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival (2010)), and Mörderschwestern (2011). In 2014, Berger appeared in Saint Laurent as old Yves Saint Laurent for which he was "celebrated" at Cannes Film Festival. The short film Art!, in which Berger had a starring role, had its world premiere at Paris Independent Film Festival 2015. Most recently, he stars in the role of "Professor Martin" in the film Timeless by Alexander Tuschinski, due to be released in 2016.
In 2015 Austrian filmmaker Andreas Horvath released a feature-length documentary about Helmut Berger called Helmut Berger, Actor. The film premiered at the Venice Film Festival. In the magazine Artforum American film director John Waters chose Helmut Berger, Actor as the Best Motion Picture of the year 2015. Berger later filled a lawsuit against Horvath.
On February 22, 2018, the premiere of Albert Serra's play, Liberté, starring Helmut Berger and Ingrid Caven was performed at the Volksbühne theater in Berlin. The play is scheduled to be performed throughout 2018. It was the first stage role in Berger's career. In 2019, another documentary film Helmut Berger, meine Mutter und ich was released, dealing with his personality and an attempted comeback.
In 1969, Berger was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for his role in The Damned, and in 1973, he won a David di Donatello – the Italian equivalent of an Academy Award – for his performance in Ludwig.
Berger is openly bisexual. He was in relationships with his director and mentor Luchino Visconti and actress Marisa Berenson. Berger married Italian writer and model Francesca Guidato on 19 November 1994. They live separately today. Berger lived for many years in Rome, but returned to Salzburg in the 2000s to take care of his elderly mother.
In the late 1960s and 1970s, Berger was seen as the "It Boy of the European Jet set". According to his 1998 autobiography Ich. Die Autobiographie, affairs reportedly included Rudolf Nureyev, Britt Ekland, Ursula Andress, Nathalie Delon, Tab Hunter, Florinda Bolkan, Linda Blair, Marisa Mell, Anita Pallenberg, Marilù Tolo, Jerry Hall, Bianca and Mick Jagger.
Since the 1980s, Berger's private life was also in the news for his struggles with alcohol and sometimes eccentric, controversial television appearances. In 2013, Berger appeared on Ich bin ein Star – Holt mich hier raus!, the German version of I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!. He had to leave for health reasons after only two days.
Except for Helmut Berger, there are no interesting women today.
Helmut Berger is what I consider a perfect artist – very serious in his craft, intelligent in his thoughts, without any time or patience for "bullshit" or empty phrases that litter many people's everyday lives, conversations and relationships.
I think it's androgyny, whether it's David Bowie or Helmut Berger, that has really really influenced my work more than anything.
I think he's wonderful. A man who says what he thinks.
He's one of those who leave nobody indifferent.
(director in parentheses; all films except as noted)
- 1967: Le streghe (The Witches) (Luchino Visconti) as Young man at Hotel (segment "La Strega Bruciata Viva")
- 1968: The Young Tigers (Antonio Leonviola) as Dario
- 1969: Sai cosa faceva Stalin alle donne? (Maurizio Liverani) as Aldo
- 1969: The Damned (Luchino Visconti) as Martin Von Essenbeck
- 1970: Dorian Gray (Massimo Dallamano) as Dorian Gray
- 1970: The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (Vittorio De Sica) as Alberto
- 1971: Un beau monstre (Sergio Gobbi) as Alain Revent
- 1971: The Bloodstained Butterfly (Duccio Tessari) as Giorgio
- 1972: La colonna infame (Nelo Risi) as Arconati
- 1973: Reigen (Otto Schenk) as Der Junge Herr / The Youngman / Alfred
- 1973: Les Voraces (Sergio Gobbi) as Kosta
- 1973: Ludwig (Luchino Visconti) as Ludwig
- 1973: Ash Wednesday (Larry Peerce) as Erich
- 1974: Conversation Piece (Luchino Visconti) as Konrad Huebel
- 1975: Order to Kill (José G. Maesso) as Clyde Hart
- 1975: The Romantic Englishwoman (Joseph Losey) as Thomas
- 1976: Salon Kitty (Tinto Brass) as Helmut Wallenberg
- 1976: Victory at Entebbe (Marvin Chomsky) as Wilfried Böse
- 1977: Beast with a Gun (Sergio Grieco) as Nanni Vitali
- 1977: Paperback
- 1978: The Greatest Battle (Umberto Lenzi) as Lt. Kurt Zimmer
- 1978: The Fifth Commandment (Duccio Tessari) as Bernhard Redder
- 1979: Le rose di Danzica (Alberto Bevilacqua) as Baron Erich von Lehner
- 1980: Fantômas (Claude Chabrol, Juan Luis Buñuel) (TV miniseries) as Fantômas / Nanteuil / Gurn / Valgrand
- 1980: Eroina (Massimo Pirri) as Marco
- 1981: Mia moglie è una strega (Castellano & Pipolo) as Asmodeo
- 1982: Deadly Game (aka Die Jäger, Károly Makk) as Boris
- 1983: Femmes (Tana Kaleya) as Helmut
- 1983: Veliki Transport (V. Bulajic) as Colonel Glassendorf
- 1982: Victoria! La gran aventura de un poble (Antoni Ribas) as Tinent Rodríguez Haro
- 1983: Victoria! 2: El frenesì del 17 (Antoni Ribas) as Tinent Rodríguez Haro
- 1983–1984: Dynasty (television series) as Peter De Vilbis
- 1984: Victoria! 3: La razon y el arrebato (Antoni Ribas) as Tinent Rodríguez Haro
- 1985: Code Name: Emerald (Jonathan Sanger) as Ernst Ritter
- 1988: Faceless (Jess Franco) as Docteur Flamand
- 1988: Act of Revenge (Salvatore Nocita)
- 1989: La Puritana (Nini Grassia) as Carlo Martora-Doctor
- 1990: The Godfather Part III (Francis Ford Coppola) as Frederick Keinszig
- 1992: Adelaide (Lucio Gaudino) as Gilas
- 1993: Boomtown (Christoph Schrewe) as Richard Schwarzer
- 1993: Ludwig 1881 (F. Dubini / D. Dubini) as King Ludwig II
- 1995: L'affaire Dreyfuss (Yves Boisset) as Schwartzkoppen
- 1996: L'ombra del faraone (S. Ben Barka)
- 1996: Teo (Cinzia TH Torrini) as Signor Mastrovito
- 1997: Die 120 Tage von Bottrop (Christoph Schlingensief) as Himself
- 1997: Last Cut (Marcello Avallone)
- 1999: Under the Palms (M. Kruishoop) as David
- 2004: Honey Baby (Mika Kaurismäki) as Karl / Hades
- 2005: Damals warst du still (R. Matsutani) as Fabian Plessen
- 2009: Zapping Alien (V. Zeplichal) as Jack / 00Y / Georg II
- 2009: Blutsfreundschaft (Peter Kern) as Gustav Tritzinsky
- 2009: Iron Cross (Joshua Newton) as Shrager / Vogler
- 2011: Mörderschwestern (Peter Kern) as Dr. Schleier
- 2013: The Devil's Violinist (Bernard Rose) as Lord Burghersh
- 2014: Saint Laurent (Bertrand Bonello) as Yves Saint Laurent en 1989
- 2015: Helmut Berger, Actor (Andreas Horvath), documentary film as himself
- 2016: Timeless (Alexander Tuschinski) as Professor Martin
- 2019: Helmut Berger, meine Mutter und ich (Valesca Peters), documentary film as himself
- 2019: Freedom (Albert Serra) as Baron von Walchern
- Coriando, Paola-Ludovika (March 2006). "La poesia del volto: ritratto di Helmut Berger attore viscontiano". Cineforum. Issue #452.
- Berger, Helmut, with Heuer, Holde: Ich, Die Autobiographie. Ullstein, Berlin 1998, ISBN 978-3-550-06969-7.
- Coriando, Paola-Ludovika: Helmut Berger – Ein Leben in Bildern. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-89602-872-3.
- Berger, Helmut, with Heuer, Holde: Helmut Berger, autoportrait. Seguier, 2015, ISBN 978-2-84049-691-5
- "Who is Who: Official Website - Biography about Berger (in German)". Retrieved 2 September 2015..
- "ARD - Mediathek: TV show with Helmut Berger, with biographical information about him studying at University of Perugia". Retrieved 2 September 2015..
- "5 FAVORITES: ICONIC VINTAGE MAGAZINE COVERS". michellephan.com. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "Spiegel TV official website: Interview with Helmut Berger from 1997". Retrieved 8 August 2015..
- "Corriere delle Serra: Article about Madonna's book (in Italian)". Retrieved 23 August 2015..
- "Who Is Who.de - Article from the time when Berger moved to his mother". Retrieved 23 August 2015..
- "Welt.de - article about Berger". Retrieved 23 August 2015..
- Der Liebling der Götter. Zeit.de, 23 August 2015
- "Frankfurter Rundschau: Article about Berger in Cannes (in German)". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2015..
- John Waters: Best of 2015: Film https://artforum.com/inprint/issue=201510&id=56221
- Schupp, Karin (17 February 2007). "Teddy Today". Teddy Award. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- Staff writer (30 March 2011). "Festival Diary: Wednesday 30th". Febiofest. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- "Das merkwürdige Phänomen Helmut Berger". Die Welt. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- Spiegel Article about the show
- "So kaputt ist der ehemalige Weltstar". Retrieved 7 May 2019..
- "Alexander Tuschinski – Article about filming Helmut Berger from August 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 8 August 2015..
- "The Guardian: Interview on official website".
- "Abendzeitung München: Article about Nene's new music video, featuring the quote. Original quote in German: "Ich finde ihn herrlich. Der Mann sagt, was er denkt"". Retrieved 8 August 2015..
- "Spiegel TV official website. Original quote in German: "Er gehört zu denen die niemanden gleichgültig lassen."". Retrieved 8 August 2015..
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