|Single by Louis Armstrong|
|from the album Hello, Dolly!|
|B-side||"A Lot of Livin' To Do"|
|Recorded||December 3, 1963|
"Hello, Dolly!" was first sung by Carol Channing, who starred as Dolly Gallagher Levi in the original 1964 Broadway cast. In December 1963, at the behest of his manager, Louis Armstrong made a demonstration recording of "Hello, Dolly!" for the song's publisher to use to promote the show. Hello, Dolly! opened on January 16, 1964 at the St. James Theatre in New York City, and it quickly became a major success.
The same month, Kapp Records released Armstrong's publishing demo as a commercial single. His version reached number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, ending the Beatles' streak of three number-one hits in a row over 14 consecutive weeks (in addition to holding the second and third chart positions) and becoming the most successful single of Armstrong's career, followed by a gold-selling album of the same name. The song also spent nine weeks atop the adult contemporary chart shortly after the opening of the musical. The song also made Armstrong the oldest artist ever to reach #1 on the Hot 100 since its introduction in 1958. Billboard ranked the record as the No. 3 song of 1964, behind the Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "She Loves You." In 1965, Armstrong performed the song on a German variety show with musician and bandleader Max Greger.
"Hello, Dolly!" won the Grammy Award for Song of the Year in 1965, and Armstrong received a Grammy for Best Vocal Performance, Male. Louis Armstrong also performed the song (together with Barbra Streisand) in the popular 1969 film Hello, Dolly!.
Notable cover versions
"Hello, Dolly!" is a pop standard, and has been covered by many artists, including:
- Al Hirt (1964) for his album Cotton Candy
- Andy Williams (1964) for his album The Great Songs from "My Fair Lady" and Other Broadway Hits
- Andre Kostelanetz (1964)
- Benny Goodman (1964)
- Bobby Darin (1964) for his album From Hello Dolly to Goodbye Charlie
- Duke Ellington (1964)
- Ella Fitzgerald (1964) for her albums Hello, Dolly! and Ella at Juan-Les-Pins
- Frank Sinatra (1964) for his album It Might as Well Be Swing
- Frankie Vaughan (1964)
- Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass (1964) for their album South of the Border
- Johnny Mathis (1964) for his album Broadway
- Joni James (1964)
- Judy Garland and Liza Minnelli (1964)
- Lawrence Welk (1964)
- Libertad Lamarque (1964)
- Louis Armstrong (1964) for his album Hello, Dolly!
- Marvin Gaye (1964) for his album Hello Broadway
- Petula Clark (1964) in English, French, and Spanish
- Steve Lawrence (1964)
- Wayne Newton (1964)
- Brenda Lee (1965)
- Mary Martin (1965)
- Percy Faith (1965)
- Robert Goulet (1965)
- Sammy Davis, Jr. (1965) for his album Sammy's Back on Broadway
- The Bachelors (1966)
- Nancy Wilson (1966) for her album From Broadway with Love
- Ray Conniff (1966)
- Louis Prima (1967)
- Pearl Bailey (1967)
- Matt Monro (1968)
- Pinky and Perky (1968)
- Violetta Villas (1968)
- Barbra Streisand (featuring Louis Armstrong) for the soundtrack album Hello, Dolly! (1969)
- Arturo "Zambo" Cavero (1970) in the song "La Noche de tu Ausencia"
- Ethel Merman (1970)
- Jean-Jacques Perrey (1970). The song was entirely instrumental and re-created with a moog styling.
- Jerry Vale (1970)
- Annie Cordy (1972)
- Bing Crosby (1975) for his album At My Time of Life
- Dolly Parton (1976) on her TV variety show
- Lou Rawls (1979)
- Muslim Magomayev (1989)
- Cab Calloway (1991)
- Wayne Newton (1992)
- Michael Feinstein (1993) for his album Michael Feinstein Sings the Jerry Herman Songbook
- Silvia Pinal (1996)
- Liza Minnelli (1997)
- Harry Connick, Jr. (2007) for his album Oh, My NOLA
- Zooey Deschanel (2007) in the movie Raving
- Hal Linden (2011)
- Bette Midler (2017)
Frank Sinatra's rendition of the song, recorded with the Count Basie Orchestra, features new lyrics, improvised by Sinatra, which pay tribute to Louis Armstrong.
Lyndon B. Johnson used the tune, rechristened "Hello, Lyndon!", as a campaign song for his run in the 1964 U.S. presidential election. This version of the song was performed by Carol Channing at that year's Democratic National Convention, and a recording was made by Ed Ames for distribution at the convention.
"Hello, Dolly!" on Sesame Street
In 1984, Carol Channing had appeared on Sesame Street and sang a parody of the song called "Hello, Sammy!", a love song being sung by Carol to a character known as Sammy the Snake (as voiced by Jim Henson). Carol, in this parody segment, serenades Sammy telling him just how much she loves and adores him while Sammy coils himself around Carol's arms. They are soon joined by 4 giant swaying letter S's wearing top hats. Carol ends the song by telling Sammy just how much she'd miss him and the way he hisses if they ever parted. Carol's song includes lyrics such as: "So..turn on your charm, Sammy/Coil yourself around my arm, Sammy/Sammy the Snake, I'll stake a claim on you".
The "Sunflower" controversy
As successful as the stage show and title song itself turned out to be, however, the tune "Hello, Dolly!" became caught up in a lawsuit which could have endangered timely plans for bringing the musical to the silver screen. Mack David (1912–1993), an Academy Award-nominated composer also known for his compositions for television, sued for infringement of copyright, because the first four bars of Herman's show number, "Hello, Dolly!", were the same as those in the refrain of David's song "Sunflower" from 1948. As he recounts in his memoirs, Herman had never heard "Sunflower" before the lawsuit, and wanted a chance to defend himself in court, but, for the sake of those involved in the show and the potential film, he reluctantly agreed to pay a settlement before the case would have gone to trial.
- All Music: Hello, Dolly! history
- Bronson, Fred. The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits (2003), Billboard Books, ISBN 0-8230-7677-6
- Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1964
- Al Hirt, Cotton Candy Retrieved April 7, 2013.
- "'Hello, Lyndon!' Joins Campaign At Democratic Parley Next Week; Herman, Composer, to Play Song for Carol Channing at Atlantic City Meeting". The New York Times. August 21, 1964. p. 15. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- on YouTube
-  Riedel, Michael. "Play it Again, Jerry. Broadway Tunesmith Jerry herman Looks Back on Years in Revue". New York Daily News. 12 July 1998.
- ^ Jerry Herman (with Marilyn Stasio). Showtune: A Memoir. New York: Donald I. Fine Books, 1996, pp. 102–108.