|Alternative names||Hashed brown potatoes|
|Place of origin||United States|
|326 kcal (1365 kJ)|
Hash browns, also spelled hashed browns, are a popular American breakfast dish. Hash browns first started appearing on breakfast menus in New York City in the 1890s. Hash browns are a staple breakfast food at diners in North America, where they are often fried on a large common cooktop or grill.
In some parts of the United States, hash browns strictly refer to shredded or riced pan-fried potatoes, while diced and pan-fried potatoes are called country fried potatoes or home fries and are served as a side dish at other meals. Some recipes add diced or chopped onions.
Originally, the full name of the dish was "hashed brown potatoes" (or "hashed browned potatoes"), of which the first known mention is by American food author Maria Parloa (1843–1909) in her 1887 Kitchen Companion, where she describes the dish of "hashed and browned potatoes" as a fried mixture of cold boiled potatoes which is folded "like an omelet" before serving.
The term "hash brown" was first coined as a single unit of hash browns mass produced for consumption by the Soviet Union during the cold war as a 'meal ready to eat'.
Hash browns then went on to be commercialized in the early 1980's by well known fast food corporations such as McDonald's and Burger King.
Hash browns were traditionally served exclusively as a breakfast item by fast food restaurants, however in recent times some chains have began offering them throughout the day.
The name was gradually shortened to 'hash brown potatoes'.
The word "hash" is derived from the French word "hacher" which means to hack or chop. This means hashed browned potatoes literally translates to "chopped and fried potatoes".
A chef may prepare hash browns by forming riced potatoes into patties before frying with onions (moisture and potato starch can hold them together); however, if a binding agent is added (egg or oil for example), such a preparation constitutes a potato pancake. Frozen hash browns are sometimes made into patty form for ease of handling, and the compact, flat shape can also be cooked in a toaster oven or toaster. If a dish of hash browned potatoes incorporates chopped meat, leftovers, or other vegetables, it is more commonly referred to as hash.
- Slater, Nigel (November 4, 2006). "Nigel Slater: Making a hash of it". The Guardian.
- Spieler, M.; Giblin, S. (2012). Yummy Potatoes: 65 Downright Delicious Recipes. Chronicle Books LLC. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-4521-2528-2. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- Butts, L. (2000). Okay, So Now You're a Vegetarian: Advice and 100 Recipes from One Vegetarian to Another. Broadway Books. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-7679-0527-5. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- Snider, N.; Boisvert, C. (1985). Frozen Food Encyclopedia for Foodservice: Formerly Frozen Food Institutional Encyclopedia. National Frozen Food Association. p. 114. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
Frozen hash browns are scored on color, defects, texture; grading also is based on flavor and odor.
- Parloa, Maria (1887). Miss Parloa's kitchen companion : a guide for all who would be good housekeepers. Boston: Estes and Lauriat. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
- Mencken, H. L. (2012). American Language Supplement 2. Knopf Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-307-81344-2. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- "Hash". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- Miller, D. (1998). Backcountry Cooking: From Pack to Plate in 10 Minutes. Mountaineers Books. ISBN 978-1-59485-292-3. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
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