Harry H. Corbett
Publicity photo of Corbett in the 1970s
28 February 1925
|Died||21 March 1982 (aged 57)|
|Occupation||Actor and comedian|
|Home town||Wythenshawe, Manchester, Cheshire, England|
|Television||Steptoe and Son|
|Children||2, including Susannah Corbett|
Harry H. Corbett, OBE (28 February 1925 – 21 March 1982) was an English actor and comedian, best known for his co-starring role in the popular and long-running BBC television sitcom Steptoe and Son alongside Wilfrid Brambell, which was first broadcast from 1962–65 and 1970–74.
Corbett, the youngest of seven children, was born in Rangoon, Burma, where his father, George Corbett (1885/86–1943), was serving as a company quartermaster sergeant in the South Staffordshire Regiment of the British Army, stationed at a cantonment as part of the Colonial defence forces. Corbett was sent to Britain after his mother, Caroline Emily, née Barnsley, (1884–1926) died of dysentery when he was eighteen months old. He was then brought up by his aunt, Annie Williams, in Earl Street, Ardwick, Manchester and later on a new council estate in Wythenshawe. He attended Ross Place and Benchill Primary Schools; although he passed the scholarship exam for entry to Chorlton Grammar School, he was not able to take up his place there and instead attended Sharston Secondary School.
Corbett enlisted in the Royal Marines during the Second World War, and served in the Home Fleet on the heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire. After VJ Day in 1945, he was posted to the Far East, where he was involved in quelling unrest in New Guinea and reportedly killed two Japanese soldiers there whilst engaged in hand-to-hand fighting. He was then posted to Tonga, but deserted and remained in Australia before handing himself in to the Military Police. His military service left him with a damaged bladder following an infection, and a red mark on his eye caused by a thorn, which was not treated until late in his life.
Upon returning to civilian life, Corbett trained as a radiographer before taking up acting as a career, initially in repertory. In the early 1950s, he added the initial "H" to avoid confusion with the television entertainer Harry Corbett, known for his act with the glove-puppet Sooty. He joked that "H" stood for "hennyfink", a Cockney pronunciation of "anything". In 1956, he appeared on stage in The Family Reunion at the Phoenix Theatre in London.
From 1958, Corbett began to appear regularly in films, coming to public attention as a serious, intense performer, in contrast to his later reputation in sitcom. He appeared in television dramas such as The Adventures of Robin Hood (as four characters in episodes between 1957 and 1960) and Police Surgeon (1960). He also worked and studied Stanislavski's system at Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop at the Theatre Royal in Stratford, London.
Steptoe and Son
Scriptwriters Galton and Simpson, who had been successful with Hancock's Half Hour, changed Corbett's life. In 1962, at their request, Corbett appeared in "The Offer", an episode of the BBC's anthology series of one-off comedy plays, Comedy Playhouse, written by Galton and Simpson. He played Harold Steptoe, a rag-and-bone man who lives with his irascible widower father, Albert (Wilfrid Brambell) in a dilapidated house attached to their junkyard and stable for their cart horse, Hercules. At the time, Corbett was working at the Bristol Old Vic, where he appeared as Macbeth.
The programme was a success and a full series followed, continuing, with breaks, until 1974, when the Christmas special became the final episode. Although the popularity of Steptoe and Son made Corbett a star, it damaged his serious acting career, as he became irreversibly associated with Steptoe in the public eye. As a result, severe typecasting forced him to come back to the role of Harold Steptoe over and over. Before the series began, Corbett had played Shakespeare's Richard II to great acclaim; however, when he played Hamlet in 1970, he felt both critics and audiences alike were not taking him seriously and could only see him as Steptoe. Corbett found himself receiving offers only for bawdy comedies or loose parodies of Steptoe. Production of the sitcom was stressful in the last few years, as Brambell was an alcoholic, often ill-prepared for rehearsals and forgetting his lines and movements. A tour of a Steptoe and Son stage production in Australia in 1977 proved a disaster due to Brambell's drinking. During the tour, the pair appeared in character in an advert for Ajax soap powder.
The television episodes were remade for radio, often with the original cast; it is these that were made available on cassette and CD. After the series of Steptoe and Son had officially finished, Corbett and Brambell played the characters again on radio (in a newly written sketch to tie in with the Scottish Team's participation in the 1978 World Cup), as well as in a television commercial for Kenco coffee. The two men reunited in January 1981 for one final performance as Steptoe and Son in a further commercial for Kenco.
The Curse of Steptoe, a BBC television play about Corbett and Brambell, was broadcast on 19 March 2008 on the British television channel BBC Four, featuring Jason Isaacs as Corbett. The first broadcast gained the channel its highest audience figures to that date, based on overnight returns.
Steptoe and Son led Corbett to comedy films: as James Ryder in Ladies Who Do (1963); with Ronnie Barker in The Bargee (1964), written by Galton and Simpson; Carry On Screaming! (1966); the "Lust" segment of The Magnificent Seven Deadly Sins (1971); and Terry Gilliam's Jabberwocky (1977). There were two Steptoe and Son films: Steptoe and Son (1972) and Steptoe and Son Ride Again (1973). He also had the leading role in two other television series, Mr. Aitch (written especially for him, 1967) and Grundy (1980).
Corbett recorded multiple 45rpm records, most of which were novelty songs based upon the rag-and-bone character, including "Harry, You Love Her" and "Junk Shop". He recorded a number of sea shanties and folk songs. In 1973, he recorded an album titled Only Authorised Employees To Break Bottles which was a "showcase of accents", with songs from Corbett in a range of accents, including Liverpudlian, Brummie and Mancunian; the title echoes a notice which is visible in the bottle-smashing scene in the film 'The Bargee'. Including the album, he released over 30 songs.
Corbett married twice, first to the actress Sheila Steafel (from 1958 to 1964), and then to actress Maureen Blott (stage name Crombie) (from 1969 to 1982), with whom he had two children, Jonathan and Susannah, the latter of whom is an actress and author, and she has written a biography of her father, Harry H. Corbett: The Front Legs of the Cow, which was published in March 2012. Steafel published her autobiography When Harry Met Sheila in 2010.
Corbett was a Labour Party campaigner, appeared in a party political broadcast, and was a guest of Prime Minister Harold Wilson. The television character Harold Steptoe appears as the Labour Party secretary for Shepherd's Bush West in the sixth series episode, "Tea for Two". In 1969, Corbett appeared as Harold Steptoe in a Labour Party political broadcast, where Bob Mellish had to argue against Steptoe’s accusation that all parties are the same. This was not in any way connected to Galton and Simpson, who wrote Steptoe and Son.
As Prime Minister, Wilson wished to have Corbett appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE), but the middle initial "H" was lost in the process and the award went to the Sooty puppeteer, Harry Corbett, instead. Both were eventually included in the same New Year's Honours list on 1 January 1976.
Health issues and death
A heavy smoker all his adult life, Corbett had his first heart attack in September 1979. According to his daughter, he smoked 60 cigarettes a day until the heart attack, after which he cut down to 20. He appeared in pantomime at the Churchill Theatre, Bromley, within two days of leaving hospital. He was then badly hurt in a car accident. He appeared shortly afterwards in the BBC detective series Shoestring, his facial injuries obvious. Other work included the film Silver Dream Racer, with David Essex, and a Thames Television/ITV comedy series Grundy, both in 1980. In the latter, Corbett played an old man discovering the permissive society after a lifetime of clean living. The series was a flop and was soon cancelled.
Corbett's final role was an episode of the Anglia Television/ITV series Tales of the Unexpected, entitled "The Moles". It featured a man who planned to tunnel into a bank, only to find the bank was closed due to industrial action and there was no money in the vaults. Filmed shortly before his death, it was broadcast two months later, in May 1982.
Corbett died of a heart attack in 21 March 1982 in Hastings, East Sussex. He was 57 years old. He is buried in the graveyard at St Michael the Archangel church at Penhurst, East Sussex. The headstone inscription, chosen by his wife Maureen, reads "The earth can have but earth, which is his due: My spirit is thine, the better part of me", from William Shakespeare's Sonnet 74. Maureen was buried alongside him in 1999. Corbett is commemorated in the name of the Corbett Theatre at the East 15 Acting School at Loughton, which was founded by Margaret Bury and Jean Newlove, two members of Theatre Workshop, where he worked.
- Never Look Back (1952) – Policeman in charge of the cells (uncredited)
- Passing Stranger (1954) – (uncredited)
- Floods of Fear (1958) – Sharkey
- Nowhere to Go (1958) – Sullivan
- In the Wake of a Stranger (1959) – McCabe
- Shake Hands with the Devil (1959) – Clancy
- Cover Girl Killer (1959) – The Man
- The Shakedown (1960) – Gollar
- The Big Day (1960) – Harry Jackson
- The Unstoppable Man (1960) – Feist
- Song in a Strange Land (1960) – Ricardo Tancredo
- Wings of Death, episode 38 of (39) of Scotland Yard series (1961) – Superintendent Hammond
- Time to Remember (1962) – Jack Burgess
- Some People (1962) – Johnnie's Father
- Sammy Going South (1963) – Lem
- Sparrows Can't Sing (1963) – Greengrocer (uncredited)
- Ladies Who Do (1963) – James Ryder
- What a Crazy World (1963) – Sam Hitchens
- The Bargee (1964) – Hemel Pike
- Rattle of a Simple Man (1964) – Percy Winthram
- Joey Boy (1965) – Joey Boy Thompson
- The Sandwich Man (1966) – Mack – Stage Door Keeper
- Carry on Screaming! (1966) – Detective Sergeant Sidney Bung
- Crooks and Coronets (1969) – Frank Finley
- The Magnificent Seven Deadly Sins (1971) – Ambrose (segment "Lust")
- Steptoe and Son (1972) – Harold Kitchener Steptoe
- Steptoe and Son Ride Again (1973) – Harold Kitchener Steptoe
- Percy's Progress (1974) – Prime Minister
- Hardcore (1977) – Art
- Adventures of a Private Eye (1977) – Sydney
- Jabberwocky (1977) – The Squire
- What's Up Superdoc! (1978) – Goodwin
- The Plank (1979) – Amorous Van Driver
- Silver Dream Racer (1980) – Wiggins
- Dave Cosgrove (presenter); Maureen Corbett (interviewee); Alan Simpson; Ray Galton; Steve O'Brien (writer, director). The Maureen Corbett (Wife of Harry) Interview. Steptoe-and-Son.com – The new OFFICIAL 2009 Steptoe & Son Appreciation Society. Event occurs at 21:00. Archived from the original (RealPlayer) on 5 November 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
the OBE which he was very pleased to receive
- Corbett, S. (2012). Harry H. Corbett – The Front Legs of the Cow. The History Press, Stroud, Glos. ISBN 978-0-7524-7682-7
- "Family Announcements, Harry H Corbett - Funeral Directors and services - Family Announcements Announcements". www.thisisannouncements.co.uk.
- Barrie, David (19 August 2002). "The dirty truth: The tortured world of Steptoe and Son". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 March 2008.
- "UK television adverts 1955-1985". www.headington.org.uk.
- Chris Tryhorn "BBC4 breaks ratings record", The Guardian, 19 March 2008
- Misc | Homepage – This Is Local London Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- BFI | Film & TV Database | HARRY H. CORBETT, SHIRLEY WILLIAMS AND BOB MELLISH (1969)
- Brandreth, Gyles (20 February 2009). "The Honours Game". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 April 2009.
- Sin to Win: Seven Deadly Steps to Success, Marc Lewis ISBN 1-84112-311-0
- Supplement to the London Gazette, 1 January 1976 Archived 6 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Steptoe and daughter: interview with Susannah Corbett | Sussex Life". Sussex.greatbritishlife.co.uk. 7 August 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- Pryer, Emma (10 September 2016). "Harry H Corbett's daughter hails his legacy on eve of Steptoe and Son remake".
- The Times, 14 July 1980