|White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy|
December 22, 1993 – January 20, 1997
|Preceded by||Mark Gearan|
|Succeeded by||Sylvia Mathews Burwell|
Harold McEwen Ickes
September 4, 1939
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
|Relatives||Harold L. Ickes (Father)|
|Education||Stanford University (BA)|
Columbia University (JD)
Harold McEwen Ickes (//; born September 4, 1939) was White House Deputy Chief of Staff for President Bill Clinton. He was a leading figure in the Clinton administration's healthcare reform initiative.
Ickes is a graduate of Stanford University (1964, AB, Economics) and Columbia Law School. Ickes was a student civil rights activist in the 1960s and took part in Freedom Summer. He has practiced labor law for many years in New York City. He is founder and president emeritus of civic data firm Catalist.
Ickes has been active in Democratic politics for over forty years, working in the presidential campaigns of Eugene McCarthy, Birch Bayh, Morris Udall, Ted Kennedy and Jesse Jackson. In 1989, he was a senior advisor to David Dinkins's successful campaign for mayor of New York City. Ickes is a registered lobbyist with the Ickes and Enright Group.
In his government relations practice, Mr. Ickes provides counsel and representation to business and union clients on legislative, governmental regulation and procurement matters. This includes providing strategic advice, planning and representation for business, labor, governmental and non-profit organizations.
Along with Basil Paterson, the former New York Secretary of State, State Senator, and the New York City Deputy Mayor for Labor Relations and Personnel, Mr. Ickes co-chairs the firm’s extensive labor practice, providing counsel to dozens of local and international unions in the health care, transportation, package delivery, hotel, construction, communications, distribution, manufacturing, retail food, and other industries in the private and public sectors.
In 2005, Ickes founded progressive data collection and voter file company Catalist. As of 2019, he serves on the board of directors of Catalist and as its president emeritus.
Martindale-Hubbell had given Ickes an "AV Preeminent" rating, which is the highest level of professional excellence among lawyers. When he became the political strategist for Hillary Clinton's Democratic presidential nomination campaign in February 2008, Ickes was featured in a prominent article in the New York Times, detailing his approach to this political campaign and his "sassy" and "dyspeptic" demeanor.
In the Clinton administration, Ickes served as Deputy Chief of Staff under Leon Panetta. In a lengthy New York Times profile of Ickes in 1997, Michael Lewis nicknamed Ickes "the Garbage Man" and noted that 'Ickes has been caught up in so many of Clinton's scandals and crises that he came to describe his function in the White House as 'director of the sanitation department'.' When Erskine Bowles was appointed Chief of Staff after Clinton's 1996 re-election, he requested to have input in choosing his subordinates, and so Ickes was dismissed from his position. It has also been suggested that Ickes resigned to take the fall for President Clinton, as Republican Senator Fred Thompson had the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee probe Clinton's campaign finances.
In 2000, he was a senior advisor to Hillary Clinton's Senate campaign. He now heads the Media Fund, a 527 committee. Following the 2004 elections, he was a contender against Howard Dean for the chairmanship of the Democratic National Committee (DNC).
Ickes worked as a political strategist for Hillary Clinton's failed campaign in the 2008 presidential election. Ickes reportedly had a poor relationship with campaign strategist Mark Penn. This acrimony carried over from their days in President Bill Clinton's administration.
DNC rules and bylaws committee
As a member of the DNC's Rules Committee he was a proponent of adding other states besides Iowa and New Hampshire early on in the Presidential nominating calendar. He was unsuccessful in his promotion of Alabama as the second primary state, after New Hampshire, which lost to South Carolina. With all but one member of the Rules and Bylaws Commission, Ickes voted in August 2007 to strip Florida and Michigan of their delegates. Clinton won the vote in Florida after neither candidate campaigned there and voters were told that their vote would not count, in accordance with the earlier decision.
At a contentious meeting of the DNC Rules & Bylaws Committee held at the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel in Washington, DC, on May 31, 2008, Ickes voted in favor of a compromise resolution to allow the Florida delegation to be seated with each delegate having one half vote giving presidential candidate Sen. Hillary Clinton (NY) 105 pledged delegates (52.5 votes), candidate Sen. Barack Obama (IL) 67 delegates (33.5 votes), and former Sen. John Edwards (NC) 13 delegates (6.5 votes); and against a resolution proposed by the Michigan Democratic Party to seat the Michigan delegation with 69 delegates (34.5 votes) pledged to Sen. Clinton and 59 delegates (29.5 votes) for Sen. Obama (IL) at the Democratic National Convention in Denver, CO, in August, 2008. (The net result was a gain of 87 delegate votes for Clinton and 63 for Obama.) In the interest of "unifying our Party" the Florida resolution was approved by a unanimous vote of 27–0, while the more controversial Michigan resolution passed by a vote of 19 to 8. The resolutions also provided that the delegates from both states should be slated under Rules 5, 6, 7, and 12, which outline the candidate's right of approval.
"This motion will hijack – hijack – remove four delegates won by Hillary Clinton," Ickes said in opposing the Michigan motion. "This body of 30 individuals has decided that they're going to substitute their judgment for 600,000 [Michigan] voters." Immediately prior to the vote on the motion, Ickes announced that candidate Clinton would reserve the right to appeal the Rules Committee's approval of the Michigan resolution to the DNC Credentials Committee. The option of appeal and a convention fight was rendered moot, as Clinton suspended her campaign and endorsed Obama on June 7.
- Ickes, Harold (March 27, 2009). "Interview with Harold Ickes by Diane Dewhirst". George J. Mitchell Oral History Project.
- LeMay, Michael C. (2017). The American Political Party System: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-4408-5412-5.
- Lewis, Michael (September 21, 1997). "Bill Clinton's Garbage Man". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
- Newsweek – National News, World News, Health, Technology, Entertainment and more... | Newsweek.com Archived May 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Harold M. Ickes, MSEK Profile".
- "Meyer, Suozzi, English & Klein, P.C's Government Relations Practice". Archived from the original on October 22, 2011.
- Basil A. Paterson
- "Meyer, Suozzi, English & Klein, P.C.'s Website".
- "Catalist :: Board of Managers". catalist.us. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
- "Harold Ickes". Martindale-Hubbell. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- Nagourney, A. (February 28, 2008). "Longtime Clinton Aide Returns to the Fray". New York Times. New York: The New York Times Co. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
-  Archived November 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Relaunch". Black Star News. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "A Southern Point Man: Erskine Boyce Bowles". New York Times. November 9, 1996. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "Bill Clinton's Garbage Man". New York Times. September 21, 1997. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- Baker, Peter; Rutenberg, Jim (June 8, 2008). "The Long Road to a Clinton Exit". The New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "Clinton camp: All the way to convention – First Read – msnbc.com". Firstread.msnbc.msn.com. February 16, 2008. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Fla., Mich. Delegates Each Get Half a Vote". The Washington Post. June 1, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2011.