Buxton was born into a noble family, the son of Thomas Buxton, 3rd Baronet, on 20 June 1880. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge . In 1904 he embarked on his ecclesiastical career with a curacy at St Cuthbert, Bensham. From 1907 to 1910 he was Domestic Chaplain to the Bishop of Rangoon, and from 1911 to 1914 curate of Thaxted. From 1914 to 1918 he was Vicar of Horley, Oxfordshire; during World War I he was also a temporary Chaplain to the Forces in France and attached to the Russian Red Cross at Erzurum in the Ottoman Empire. From 1926 to 1927 he was Chaplain of St. George's Cathedral, Jerusalem, and then, before his appointment to the episcopate, Archdeacon of Cyprus from 1928 to 1932. A Sub-Prelate of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, he died on 13 March 1976.
- Pitts Theology Library
- Bishops of Gibraltar Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine
- See Of Gibraltar H. J. Buxton Appointed The Times Friday, Feb 03, 1933; pg. 10; Issue 46359; col C
- Ecclesiastical News Resignation of the Bishop Of Gibraltar The Times Saturday, May 03, 1947; pg. 7; Issue 50751; col F
- “Who was Who” 1897-2007 London, A & C Black, 2007 ISBN 978-0-19-954087-7
- "Buxton, Harold Jocelyn (BKSN898HJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Photo of church". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Historical church photographs
- Crockford's Clerical Directory1940-41 Oxford, OUP,1941
- National Archives
- Ecclesiastical News. Archdeacons In Cyprus And Palestine The Times Saturday, Dec 01, 1928; pg. 15; Issue 45065; col C
- The Times, Mar 19, 1976; pg. 16; Issue 59657; col F The Rt Rev H. J. Buxton Former Bishop of Gibraltar
- Works by or about Harold Buxton at Internet Archive
- Harold Jocelyn Buxton scrapbooks, 1926-1957 at Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
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