|Possible time of origin||27,000 BP|
|Possible place of origin||South Asia or Central Asia|
R-M479 has been concentrated geographically in South Asia and Central Asia since prehistory. It appears to reach its highest levels among the Burusho people in North Pakistan. However, it also appears to be present at low levels in the Caucasus, Iran, Anatolia and Europe.
- R (M207/Page37/UTY2)
Source: ISOGG 2017.
Most research has tested only for the presence of R-M479 (R2) and R-M124 (R2a) – or SNPs downstream from M124 like P249, P267, L266, PAGES00004, and L381 SNPs). Because the other primary branch, R2b (R-FGC21706) was discovered later than R2a, it has often not been tested for. Hence most results are best described as R2(xR2a).
In addition, relatively little research has been done within South Asia, which is known to have the greatest concentration of R2. (Hence the figures cited in the table right may not be indicative of true frequencies, i.e. Pakistan is the only South Asian country that has been included.)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2017)
Description of the SNP M479
|Common Name Marker||M479|
|Nucleotide change||C to T|
|Amplicon size (bp) reference sequence||323|
|Polymorphism position from 5' end||107|
|Restriction enzyme variant||HphI|
|Primer forward 5'-3'||gatactttatcaggcttacttc|
|Primer reverse 5'-3'||aaccaaatctctcagaatcg|
- ISOGG, 2017, Y-DNA Haplogroup R and its Subclades – 2017 (17 June 2017).
- Julie Di Cristofaro , Erwan Pennarun , Stéphane Mazières, Natalie M. Myres, Alice A. Lin, Shah Aga Temori, Mait Metspalu, Ene Metspalu, Michael Witzel, Roy J. King, Peter A. Underhill, Richard Villems & Jacques Chiaroni , 2013, “Afghan Hindu Kush: Where Eurasian Sub-Continent Gene Flows Converge”, ‘’PLoS One’’ (October 18). (17 June 2017.)
Y-DNA R-M207 subclades
Y-DNA backbone tree
|A00||A0-T [χ 3]|
|A0||A1 [χ 4]|
|I||J||LT [χ 5]||K2 [χ 6]|
|L||T||K2a [χ 7]||K2b [χ 8]||K2c||K2d||K2e [χ 9]|
|K-M2313 [χ 10]||K2b1 [χ 11]||P [χ 12]|
|NO||S [χ 13]||M [χ 14]||P1||P2|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haplogroup R2 of Y-DNA.|