Hanshin 5700 series EMU
|Locale||Osaka and Hyogo Prefectures|
|Opened||April 12, 1905|
|Operator(s)||Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd.|
|Line length||32.1 km (19.9 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
|Operating speed||106 km/h (66 mph)|
The Hanshin Main Line (阪神電気鉄道本線, Hanshin Denki Tetsudō Honsen) is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.
The Main Line of Hanshin is the southernmost railway to connect Osaka and Kobe. The other two lines, from south to north, are the West Japan Railway Company‘s Tōkaidō Main Line (known as the JR Kobe Line), and the Hankyu Railway's Kobe Main Line.
For nearly a century, the line served as a primary competitor to the Hankyū Kobe Line. However, in 2006, Hanshin and Hankyū were subsidiarized under a single share holding company, Hankyu Hanshin Holdings.
The Main Line started operation on April 12, 1905, by the company. The company found a solution to construct a competing line to the then JNR owned Kobe Line using a loophole in the Tram Act, allowing large portions of the line to be built using street running. It became the first interurban in Japan. This inspired other railways such as Keihan Electric Railway, Minoo Arima Electric Tramway (present Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc.), Osaka Electric Tramway (present Kintetsu), Keihin Electric Railway (present Keihin Electric Express Railway) to built their first lines in a similar fashion.
Then another competing railway company, Hankyū (then Hanshin Kyuko Railway), opened the Kobe Main Line in 1920. The Kobe Main Line was designed as a faster electric mainline railway, and in response Hanshin began upgrading its interurban mainline to become more railway like. Operations included realigning and grade separating street running portions, using high platforms, and introducing express trains.
In 1968 Kobe Rapid Railway opened its Tōzai Line, and Hanshin began through operations to Sumaura-Kōen of Sanyo Electric Railway via Kobe Rapid (and Sanyo trains to Ōishi of Hanshin and Rokkō of Hankyū).
Through limited express trains to Sanyo Himeji were introduced in 2001. Then, the Hanshin Namba Line was extended to Namba, a major junction in southern Osaka. The company announced through trains from Kobe-Sannomiya to Kintetsu Nara in Nara on Kintetsu Nara Line would be operated.
Former connecting lines
- Deyashiki station - The Hanshin Amagasaki Kaigan Line operated between 1929 and 1962.
The Main Line operates eight types of trains, one of the most types among Japanese railways. This is in some part to equalize the load of each train especially in the morning for Osaka (Umeda station) with short length of EMU length and with few (only double) tracks. For the extension of the Hanshin Namba Line, from Nishikujo to Osaka Namba, on March 20, 2009, the diagrams of the Hanshin Railway were revised.
- Abbreviations are tentative for this article.
- Local (普通, Futsū)
- Trains stop all stations, farthest down to Shinkaichi in the rush hour, and Kosoku Kobe in the off-peak hour.
- Express (急行, Kyūkō)
- Trains are operated between Osaka-Umeda and Nishinomiya or between Osaka Umeda and Amagasaki. In addition, 1 midnight train is operated to Mikage with limited express stops.
- Regional Express (区間急行, Kukan Kyūkō)
- Trains are operated between Kōshien and Osaka-Umeda in weekday morning rush hours. In addition, 2 trains are operated from Ogi to Osaka-Umeda. In official route maps Hanshin shortens the name to "Express".
- Rapid Express (快速急行, Kaisoku Kyūkō)
- Trains are through trains to and from the Hanshin Namba Line and the Kintetsu Nara Line. They also stop at Mukogawa and Imazu Stations in the off-peak hour on weekdays, all day on weekends and holidays, but pass Ashiya Station on weekends and holidays. In addition to trains returning at Kobe-Sannomiya every day, there are also 3 trains from Shinkaichi on the Kobe Kosoku Line to Kintetsu Nara on weekends and Holidays.
- Hanshin Limited Express (阪神特急, Hanshin Tokkyū)
- Trains are operated down to Sumaura-kōen in the day and late night on weekdays and after day hours on holidays. In official route maps Hanshin shortens the name to "Limited Express".
- Direct Limited Express (直通特急, Chokutsū Tokkyū)
- Trains are operated between Osaka-Umeda and Sanyō Himeji. Trains marking in yellow in the destination sign stop at Nishi-Motomachi, Daikai and Nishidai Stations on the Kobe Kosoku Line. 7 eastbound trains pass Koshien in the morning on weekdays. In official route maps Hanshin shortens the name to "Limited Express".
- Regional Limited Express (区間特急, Kukan Tokkyū)
- Trains are operated only from Mikage to Osaka-Umeda in weekday morning rush hours with connections from Osaka-Umeda-bound local trains at Mikage. In official route maps Hanshin shortens the name to "Limited Express".
The Main Line, having 39 stations (including the Kobe Kosoku Line), is noted for its "high density" of stations. In comparison, Kobe-Sannomiya Station is the 16th station on the Hankyū Kobe Main Line from Umeda Station and Motomachi Station is the 15th station on the JR Kobe Line from Osaka Station.
For connections and distances, see the route diagram.
- ● : All trains stop
- ▲ : Some trains stop, depending on time of day and the particular service
- ◆ : Served by weekend eastbound rapid express services only
- △ : Extra services stop
- ｜ ↓ ↑: All trains pass (Arrows indicate directions)
|No.||Station||Japanese||Local||Regional Express||Express||Rapid Express||Regional Ltd. Exp.||Hanshin Ltd. Exp.||Direct Ltd. Exp.||Transfers||Location|
|Hanshin Main Line|
||Kita-ku, Osaka||Osaka Prefecture|
|HS 02||Fukushima||福島||●||●||｜||↑||｜||｜||Osaka Loop Line (JR-O12)||Fukushima-ku, Osaka|
|HS 03||Noda||野田||●||●||●||●||｜||｜||JR Tōzai Line (JR-H46: Ebie Station)|
|HS 05||Himejima||姫島||●||｜||△||↑||｜||｜||Nishiyodogawa-ku, Osaka|
|HS 07||Kuise||杭瀬||●||｜||｜||↑||｜||｜||Amagasaki||Hyōgo Prefecture|
|Through service to Namba Line and Kintetsu Nara Line:||From Amagasaki: Rapid Express to Kintetsu Nara Line for Kintetsu Nara
※Note: Except the Rapid Express, all other through trains on the Namba Line terminate at Amagasaki, but not further west on the Hanshin Main Line
|HS 08||Daimotsu||大物||●||｜||｜||｜||↑||｜||｜||Hanshin Namba Line||Amagasaki||Hyōgo Prefecture|
|HS 09||Amagasaki||尼崎||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||Hanshin Namba Line|
|HS 11||Amagasaki Center Pool-mae||尼崎センタープール前||●||｜||△||△||↑||｜||｜|
|HS 12||Mukogawa||武庫川||●||●||●||▲||↑||｜||｜||Hanshin Mukogawa Line|
|HS 13||Naruo - Mukogawajoshidai-Mae||鳴尾・武庫川女子大前||●||●||｜||｜||↑||｜||｜||Nishinomiya|
|HS 16||Imazu||今津||●||●||●||▲||●||｜||｜||Hankyu Imazu Line|
|HS 21||Fukae||深江||●||↑||↓||｜||●||｜||｜||Higashinada-ku, Kobe|
|HS 23||Uozaki||魚崎||●||●||●||●||●||●||Kobe New Transit Rokko Island Line (R02)|
|HS 27||Shinzaike||新在家||●||｜||｜||｜||Nada-ku, Kobe|
(Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art)
|HS 31||Kasuganomichi||春日野道||●||｜||｜||｜||Chūō-ku, Kobe|
|HS 32||Kobe-Sannomiya||神戸三宮||●||●||●||●|| Hankyu Kobe Line Kobe Kosoku Line
Kobe New Transit Port Island Line (P01)
|HS 33||Motomachi||元町||●||◆||●||●|| Kobe Kosoku Line
JR Kobe Line (JR-A62)
|Kobe Kosoku Line|
|HS 34||Nishi-Motomachi||西元町||●||◆||●||▲||Chūō-ku, Kobe||Hyōgo Prefecture|
|HS 35||Kōsoku Kobe||高速神戸||●||◆||●||●||JR Kobe Line (JR-A63: Kobe Station)|
|HS 36||Shinkaichi||新開地||●||◆||●||●||Kobe Electric Railway Kobe Kosoku Line||Hyōgo-ku, Kobe|
|HS 38||Kōsoku Nagata||高速長田||●||●||Kobe Municipal Subway Seishin-Yamate Line (S08: Nagata Station)||Nagata-ku, Kobe|
|Nishidai||西代||●||▲||Sanyo Railway Main Line (through service)|
|Through services to Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line:||From Nishidai:
Hanshin Limited Express for Sumaura-koen
Direct Limited Express for Sanyo-Himeji
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hanshin Main Line.|