Hadramaut Region in Yemen
|Regions with significant populations|
|Hadhrami Arabic, Swahili (Kenya), Somali (Somalia).|
|Islam (Sunni Shafi'i, strong Sufi-orientation)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Arabs, other Afro-Asiatic people|
The Hadhrami (Arabic: حضرمي, sing.) or Hadharem (plural: الحضارم) are people inhabiting the Hadhramaut region in Yemen and their descendants in diaspora communities around the world. They speak Hadhrami Arabic an Arabic dialect with a heavy Hadramite Substrate, which belongs to the South Semitic languages.
Among the two million inhabitants of Hadhramaut, there are about 1,300 distinct tribes.
History and diaspora
The Hadharem have a long seafaring and trading tradition that predates Semitic cultures, the Semitic Hadramites diaspora was historically the Mofarite & Gurage mercantile Semitic pioneers in East Africa, Hadramite influence was later over shadowed by the rise of the temple of the Moon governing Sabaean Semites that saw the concentration of power switch to a governing ruling class. With Governing pressure in the South Semitic regions Hadhrami seamen navigated in large numbers all around the Indian Ocean basin, from the Horn of Africa to the Swahili Coast to the Malabar Coast and Hyderabad in South India, Sri Lanka to Maritime Southeast Asia. They were involved in many places as organizers of the Haj.
There are Hadharem communities in western Yemen and in the trading ports of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The money changers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia have usually been of Hadhrami origin.
Hadhrami East Africans
The Hadhrami have long had a notable presence in the African Horn region (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia). Hadhrami settlers were instrumental in helping to consolidate the Muslim community in the coastal Benadir province of Somalia, in particular. During the colonial period, disgruntled Hadhrami from the tribal wars additionally settled in various Somali towns. They were also frequently recruited into the armies of the Somali Sultanates.
- Sri Lankan Moors
- Arab Indonesian
- Arab Malaysian
- Arab Singaporean
- Chaush, India
- Sodagar (Gujarati Shaikh)
- Nawayath, of Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka;Barkas, Hyderabad, India
- Labbay of Kerala, India
- Hadhrami Jews in Israel and abroad
- Gujarati Muslims#Bharuchi and Surti Muslims The Surti Sunni Vohra Community in Gujarat that are partially of hadhrami descent
- Lemba people who claim Jewish ancestry via Hadramaut's historic Jewish population
- Awadh Saleh Sherman, Kenya, businessman
- Najib Balala, Kenya, Member of Parliament
- Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of Comoros
- Habib Salih, Lamu, Kenya, religious scholar
- Jamal Bagirif, Mombasa, Kenya, entrepreneur
Horn of Africa
- Abdurrahman Baswedan, Journalist
- Abdurrahman Shihab, Academican and Politician
- Abu Bakar Bashir, founder of Jamaah Islamiyah
- Ali Alatas, former Foreign Minister
- Alwi Shihab, former Foreign Minister, special envoy to Middle East and OIC
- Anies Baswedan, scholar, former Education Minister, Governor of Jakarta (2017-)
- Fadel Muhammad al-Haddar, former Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
- Fuad Hassan, Minister of Education and Culture
- Hamid Algadri, a figure in Indonesian National Revolution and member of parliament
- Habib Abdoe'r Rahman Alzahier, religious leader
- Habib Ali al-Habshi of Kwitang, religious leader
- Habib Munzir Al-Musawa, Islamic cleric
- Habib Rizieq Shihab, founder of FPI
- Habib Usman bin Yahya, Mufti of Batavia
- Jafar Umar Thalib, founder of Laskar Jihad
- Sultan Badaruddin II, Sultan of Palembang
- Munir Said Thalib Al-Kathiri, human rights activist
- Nuruddin ar-Raniri, Islamic scholar
- Quraish Shihab, Islamic scholar
- Raden Saleh, Artist/painter
- Said Naum, a philanthropist
- Sunan Ampel, Sufi saint
- Sayyid Abdullah Al-Aidarus, religious leader
- Mari Alkatiri, former Prime Minister
- Habib Alwi bin Thahir al-Haddad, Mufti of Johor Bahru
- Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas, philosopher
- Syed Hussein Alatas, politician and sociologist
- Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir, writer
- Syed Hamid Albar, politician
- Syed Jaafar Albar, politician
- Syed Sheh Hassan Barakbah, judge
- Syarif Masahor, warrior
- Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary businessman
- Syed Nasir Ismail, politician
- Tun Habib Abdul Majid, Grand Vizier
- Zeti Akhtar Aziz, Governor of Central Bank
- House of Jamalullail (Perak)
- House of Jamalullail (Perlis)
- Alsagoff family
- Syed Abdul Rahman Alsagoff, merchant
- Syed Mohamed Alsagoff, military leader
- Syed Sharif Omar bin Ali Al Junied, merchant and namesake of Aljunied Road
- General El Edroos
- Shaik Salman Bin Abdul Jabbar Bawazeer, A.C Guards, Hyderabad, India
- Sulaiman Areeb, Hyderabad, India, poet
- Awaz Sayeed, Hyderabad, India, Urdu writer and poet
Abdullah bin Muhammed Al-Kathiri, Politician, Businessman and Agriculturist
- Ahmed Abdullah Masdoosi, Pakistan
- Nuruddin ar-Raniri, Islamic scholar
- Shah Jalal, Bangladesh, Sufi saint
- Shah Paran, Bangladesh, Sufi saint
- Subhani ba Yunus, Pakistan, actor
- Mohammed A. Al-Hadhrami, the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Yemen and other people from North Yemen are not Hadhrami. On the other hand Al-Hadhrami tribe in South Yemen are descendants of the Yafai Hadhrami tribes that were part of the Quaiti Kingdom
- Waleed salam Bills wad Bin Hilabi
- Abd Al-Rahman Ali Al-Jifri, politician
- Abdulaziz Al-Saqqaf, human-rights activist
- Faisal Bin Shamlan, politician
- Habib Ali al-Jifri, Islamic scholar
- Habib Umar bin Hafiz, Islamic scholar
- Habib Abdullah bin Alwi al-Haddad, Sufi saint
- Imam Muhammad al-Faqih Muqaddam, founder of Ba'alawi Sufi order
- Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus (saint)
- Syed Alwi Jamalullail, wali
- Arab Indonesians
- Hadrami sheikhdom
- History of the Jews in Hadramaut
- Ibn Khaldun al-Hadrami
- Lemba people
- Yemenite Jews
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