Guy Vernor Henry
Maj. Gen. Guy V. Henry
|Born||March 9, 1839|
Fort Smith, Indian Territory (now Arkansas)
|Died||October 27, 1899 (aged 60)|
New York City, New York
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1861–1899|
|Commands held||10th U.S. Cavalry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
|Other work||Governor of Puerto Rico|
Henry was born in Fort Smith, Indian Territory (now Arkansas), the son of William Seton Henry and Arietta Livingston Thompson Henry. His mother was the granddaughter of Vice President Daniel D. Tompkins and Secretary of the Navy and Supreme Court Justice Smith Thompson. He was a fifth great-grandson of Robert Livingston. William Seton Henry (1816–1851) was an 1835 graduate of the United States Military Academy, and attained the rank of Brevet Major for his service in the Mexican–American War. Guy V. Henry graduated from the United States Military Academy in May 1861, serving as a Union officer in the Civil War, and later in conflicts against the Native Americans in the West and southwest of the United States of America. From May 25, 1891, to October 3, 1894, while commanding the 7th Cavalry Regiment, he was also commander of Fort Myer, Virginia. During the Spanish–American War, he was dispatched to Guantánamo, Cuba, and later sent to Puerto Rico, alongside General Nelson Miles.
He received successive brevets for gallantry in various battles and was brevetted brigadier general, United States Army, for gallantry at the Battle of Rosebud in Montana Territory, where he was shot through the face while fighting Native Americans. He received the Medal of Honor on December 5, 1893, for his Civil War service at the Battle of Cold Harbor on June 1, 1864, where he was serving as a colonel and commanded a brigade.
During the invasion of Puerto Rico, Henry led a "Provisional Division" from the city of Ponce to Arecibo, Puerto Rico, to rendezvous with General Theodore Schwan, who was arriving from the city of Mayagüez. The tropical rain impeded his trek and before he reached Mayagüez, the conflict was over.
On December 6, 1898, he was designated Governor of Puerto Rico. On February 6, 1899, he dissolved the Cabinet of Puerto Rico, which was instituted with the Autonomic Charter. Henry also eliminated taxes on basic food items. On May 9, 1899, he was replaced by General George W. Davis.
Henry's first marriage was to Frances Wharton (1843-1873) of Philadelphia. They had at least two children:
- Sarah Wharton Henry (1867-1948), who married Lt. James Watson Benton, an 1885 graduate of West Point and grandson of James Watson Webb.
- Thomas Lloyd Henry (1872-1911)
Henry married secondly Julia McNair (1844-1917) and had at least two sons. Henry's son, Guy V. Henry, Jr., also served in the military with a distinguished career, and went on to win a bronze medal in the Olympics. His other son was William Seton Henry II (1879-1946).
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Colonel, 40th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Entered service at: Reading Pa. Birth: Fort Smith, Indian Ter. Date of issue: December 5, 1893.
Led the assaults of his brigade upon the enemy's works, where he had 2 horses shot under him.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G–L
- List of Governors of Puerto Rico
- History of Puerto Rico
- "Home of Heroes – Guy Vernor Henry". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Guy Vernor Henry". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
- "Col. G.V. Henry at the Battle of Olustee". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
John Ruller Brooke
| Governor of Puerto Rico
George Whitefield Davis