|Full name||Gu Cao|
|Date of birth||31 May 1988|
|Place of birth||Shanghai, China|
|Height||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 11 November 2018|
Gu Cao started his football career with Shanghai Shenhua in the 2006 season.  In February 2008, Gu transferred to fellow Chinese Super League side Henan Jianye after not getting any playing time while at Shanghai. He would eventually make his league debut for the club on 7 September 2008 against Changsha Ginde. After not playing much for Henan for several seasons as the club was relegated in the 2012 season, Gu cemented his place as one of the team's starting defenders in the 2013 season as the club won the second tier league title and was subsequently promoted to the top flight.
Statistics accurate as of match played 11 November 2018.
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|China PR||League||FA Cup||CSL Cup||Asia||Total|
|2006||Shanghai Shenhua||Chinese Super League||0||0||0||0||-||0||0||0||0|
|2013||China League One||21||1||1||0||-||-||22||1|
|2014||Chinese Super League||24||0||3||0||-||-||27||0|
- 2006赛季中超联赛上海申花队球员名单 at sina.com 2006-03-06. Retrieved 2014-04-16 (in Chinese)
- 2008赛季中超联赛河南建业队球员名单 at sina.com 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2014-04-16 (in Chinese)
- 后防送礼桑德里建功 长沙客场1-0河南 at sohu.com 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2014-04-16 (in Chinese)
- 顾操 at sodasoccer.com. Retrieved 2015-11-01
- "中甲30轮积分榜：建业毅腾携手冲超 贵州重足降级". sports.sina.com.cn. 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
- Gu Cao at Soccerway