Greenlaw Town Hall
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Greenlaw is a town and civil parish situated in the foothills of the Lammermuir Hills on Blackadder Water at the junction of the A697 and the A6105 in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland. At the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 661.
It was first made the county town of Berwickshire in 1596, and was the first town to take on this role since the English took Berwick in 1482. At that time, Greenlaw was situated about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the present village, atop a hill - the 'Green Law'. This area is now known as Old Greenlaw.
In 1661, county town status was lost to Duns by an Act of Parliament. But when Patrick, Earl of Marchmont attained the barony of Greenlaw in the 1670s, he made it his business to restore what he saw as the rights and privileges that came with the barony. In 1696 he succeeded: an Act of Parliament was passed, laying down in statute that the town of Greenlaw should be the Head Burgh of Berwickshire. It was around this time that the Greenlaw of the present day was founded.
However, attempts were made in 1739, 1790 and 1810 to take the rights and privileges from Greenlaw and make Duns County Town once more. Though unsuccessful in their primary aim, the grounds were laid for an 1853 Act authorising Sheriff and Commissary Courts to be held at Duns. This was the beginning of the end for Greenlaw as a County Town. Though little came of a renewed attempt in 1889, office buildings and police cells were built in Duns to prepare for the desired take-over. Finally, in 1903, a bill first introduced by the Secretary for Scotland in 1900 was passed, causing Greenlaw to lose its status the following year as County Town of Berwickshire once and for all.
Greenlaw's impressive town hall, completed in 1831, is a listed building from its county town era and was one of the buildings shortlisted in the 2006 BBC television series Restoration Village. Though it did not win in its particular category, the interest created led to the gift of private money and the building was restored in 2010.
There is also a fine church, built in 1675, on earlier foundations. The corbie step gables preserve a feature of the architecture of that period. The church was expanded during the eighteenth century and completed in its present form around 1855.
After Greenlaw became a county town in 1696, the church tower was planned as a tolbooth or prison and was completed by 1712. Its style was adapted to present the appearance of a Church Tower. It is unique in structure – square rising to a height of 60 ft (18 m) and ending in a corballed parapet from which an 18 ft (5.5 m) steeple rises. The old iron gate or yett is the original one of 1712. A Court House also completed in 1712 stood on the west side of the tower, therefore by 1712 there stood by the side of the Church, a Tolbooth and Court House, hence the rhyme:
" Here stands the Gospel and the Law Wi Hells Hole atween the twa"
A few years later (1828–31) the Town Hall was erected and the Court House was demolished.
A new jail was built in the town in 1824. This was used throughout the Victorian period but was taken out of use in the 20th century and demolished in the 1960s. The jailkeeper's house survives, having been used for a number of years as the local police station. It is now a private house. The land where the prison stood has been converted into an organic smallholding.
Greenlaw Golf Club (now defunct) first appeared in the mid-1920s. The club disappeared some time in the 1950s.
Greenlaw has two small pubs, The Cross Keys and The Blackadder Hotel Bar and Restaurant.
Shops include the Blackadder Mini-market, Romanes pharmacy, Waldie's butchers and the Village Store. The Post Office closed in 2010 and Greenlaw is now served by a mobile post office. There was a branch of the Royal Bank of Scotland, but this closed in 2014 and the village is now served by a mobile bank.
Other businesses include an embroidery factory, a motor repair garage, stonemasons, joiners, builders, organic vegetable grower, a candle maker, two antique business, and the Blackadder Caravan Park.
Greenlaw has a primary school. Older children attend the Berwickshire High School in Duns.
Since 1992 the village has been home to 'STOPS', the Scottish Theatre Organ Preservation Society, which Charitable Trust created its base in a custom converted building now known as the New Palace Theatre Organ Heritage Centre, in the 75 seat multi-purpose auditorium of which is housed the world famous Hilsdon organ from the Edinburgh Playhouse as well as the Hilsdon organs of the Palace Picture House, Edinburgh and the Picture House, Paisley. The Centre draws visitors to Greenlaw from all over the world and the resident organist of the Centre, Larry McGuire, was one of the two people ultimately responsible for saving the Edinburgh Playhouse from demolition in 1975.
An amateur Weather Centre was established at the Centre in 2006, the data from which was launched as bordersweather.co.uk, which website was initially conceived to give travellers to the Centre an idea of what weather to expect during their visit. The website has grown and is now a respected member of a nationwide chain of independent weather stations and its webcam is viewed by thousands daily during periods of snow.
The web designer of the site also established the Interactive Independent Climate Change Project which records data from a number of amateur Weather Stations around the UK, some of whom have data going back for over 25 years.
Greenlaw Castle was a manor house located to the east of the town. It was owned by a branch of the Home family, including the surgeon Robert Boyne Home (1713–1786), father of Sir Everard Home and Anne Hunter. It ceased to be used as a laird's house in 1729, and was demolished around 1820.
|Climate data for Charterhall (112 m or 367 ft asl, averages 1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.0
|Average low °C (°F)||0.7
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||58.7
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||13.6||10.0||11.1||10.1||10.6||10.8||10.1||10.2||10.5||12.2||12.8||12.9||134.9|
|Source: Met Office|
Notable people born in Greenlaw include:
- George Linen (1802–1888), Scottish-American painter
- Williamson Blyth (1827–1897), violin-maker, musician and tinsmith
- Thomas Gibson (1825–1901), Ontario politician
- Prof George Gibson FRSE (1858–1930), mathematician thought to be the nephew of the above
- "Census 2001: Usual Resident Population: Greenlaw". Scotland's Census Results Online. General Register Office for Scotland. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- “Greenlaw Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
- "Greenlaw Castle". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Charterhall (Scottish Borders) UK climate averages". Met Office. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "George Linen". Smithsonian American Art Museum.
- "Maker, Williamson Blyth". Amati.
- RCAHMS: Burgh: Greenlaw
- Scottish Borders Council: Greenlaw Settlement Profile
- Scottish Borders Council: Greenlaw Athletics Club
- Scottish Borders Council: Local Plan Amendment 2008
- Greenlaw Primary School
- Greenlaw Village and Town Hall
- Gazetteer for Scotland: Greenlaw
- Greenlaw Parish Church, Prison tower and Old Market Cross
- Blackadder Holiday Park
- Borders Family History Society: Greenlaw
- GEOGRAPH image: Greenlaw Town Hall
- GEOGRAPH image: Renovation work at Greenlaw Town Hall
- The Blackadder Hotel Bar and Restaurant