- This article is about the brothers and their collaborative efforts and projects, as well as their lives. For their individual articles, see John Green and Hank Green. For their initial web project and collaborative video blog, see Vlogbrothers. Not to be confused with the Brothers Green or Green Brothers Novelty Band.
John: Indianapolis, IndianaAugust 24, 1977 , |
Hank: May 5, 1980 , Birmingham, Alabama
John: Vlogger, Young adult fiction novelist, activist|
Hank: Vlogger, entrepreneur, musician, web designer
John: Sarah Urist Green, aka The Yeti (m. 2006)|
Hank: Katherine Green (m. 2006)
The Green brothers, John (born August 24, 1977) and Hank (born May 5, 1980), are two American brothers, entrepreneurs, social activists, and YouTube vloggers. The two extensively work with each other in their lives and careers, having started their collaborative popularity with their "Brotherhood 2.0" project in 2007. The Greens' portfolio of online work, which Hank describes as "a small YouTube network with about 15 channels," includes their main "Vlogbrothers" channel, SciShow, and The Lizzie Bennet Diaries, among several others.
John has risen from being a popular YouTube personality to Hollywood stardom with his breakthrough novel, The Fault in Our Stars, and its 2014 film adaptation. Although the novel's positioning at #1 on The New York Times Best Seller list, as well as the box office success of the film are reasons for his rise to celebrity prominence, John maintains he is instead best known for his online projects, such as Crash Course.
Hank has also made himself individually known, having created "EcoGeek", a blog dedicated to environmentally beneficial advancements in technology. The blog was originally a class project of Hank's, while he studied at the University of Montana, but eventually progressed into becoming a major environmental publication, which would grab the attention of Time. Hank has also gained recognition for co-founding the record label DFTBA Records with Alan Lastufka.
Together, however, the two brothers are credited with creating what some have described as a "YouTube media" or "online multimedia" empire. This empire, including projects centered on education, gaming, and trivia, among others, has amassed an active fanbase known as "Nerdfighteria."
- 1 Vlogbrothers
- 2 Project for Awesome and VidCon
- 3 DFTBA records
- 4 Educational channels
- 5 Other web projects
- 6 Community
- 7 Personality and views
- 8 Impact
- 9 References
On January 1, 2007, after being heavily inspired by the show with zefrank, the Greens launched the "Vlogbrothers" channel. Another inspiration for the project was the video blog channel, Lonelygirl15. The project was originally meant to be a year-long way to deepen the bond between the brothers, creating a new outlet to communicate to each other. Prior to the video blog, Hank claims the two, "didn't ever talk, really." The project, titled "Brotherhood 2.0", quickly grew an audience, leading to the Greens' success on YouTube. On their following, Hank has stated, "We were never really shouting into the void. There were always people following us. Even if it was just a couple dozen people, they were really engaged." The New Yorker has described the Vlogbrothers channel as "the anchor of an online empire."
The topics of videos on the channel vary widely, as the Greens speak about whatever is on their minds at the time. The first majorly successful Vlogbrothers video, "Accio Deathly Hallows", uploaded on July 18, 2007, was a song about Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. The video was featured on YouTube's front page, earned over 1 million views, now has almost 2 million views, and introduced the brothers to the Harry Potter fandom. By the end of 2007, the channel garnered 40,000 subscribers. Another video, in which John announces his support for his friend, mathematician and politician, Daniel Biss, was covered by The Wall Street Journal.
The Brotherhood 2.0 project would end on December 31, 2007, but the Greens announced on their final Brotherhood 2.0 vlog, that they would continue creating videos. The channel and its fanbase would grow past Brotherhood 2.0, and eventually in 2013, it reached the 1 million subscriber threshold. The brothers have continued to work on the blog, with Hank stating, "I'm so happy that we get to keep doing vlogbrothers and that people still care about vlogbrothers," adding, "that's still the thing I do. Everything else is just an extension of that thing."
Project for Awesome and VidCon
In December 2007, the two launched Project for Awesome, a charitable movement driven by the YouTube community. Legally, Project for Awesome is a project of the Greens' Montana-based charitable organization, the Foundation to Decrease World Suck, Inc. The most recent event occurred in 2016. The 2014 event raised over $1 million, and may have been responsible for the IndieGoGo site-wide crash which occurred just as they broke the million-dollar threshold. The project has donated to a variety of charity organizations. During the project's first year, Hank Green stated, "There were more than 400 videos posted, but several people focused on humanitarian organizations in Darfur, UNICEF, Autism Speaks, The Humane Society, Toys for Tots, World Wildlife Fund, I'm proud to say that it's a very long list."
In 2010, VidCon was launched by the brothers. Since its launch, VidCon has annually increased it attendance to become the largest in-person gathering of online video creators, viewers, and representatives. On VidCon's purpose, Hank Green stated "Even when VidCon was just 1,000 people in a hotel, it was our goal for the conference to reflect the growth and culture of the online video industry," later adding, "VidCon's exponential growth over the last four years is indicative of online video's impact on the entertainment industry and on our everyday lives." One Nerdfighter has described their experience of VidCon stating, "it's just a three-day conference with just all nerdfighters and YouTubers. It's an incredible community, and the first year, which was in 2010…I went and it was just the most overwhelming thing I've ever experienced, and I made a bunch of friends who I'm still friends with today."
In 2008, Hank Green and fellow musician, Alan Lastufka, founded DFTBA Records. The distribution of merchandise is largely independent. In 2009, the record label caught the attention of YouTube, who praised the label on its official blog. DFTBA Records launched a series called The Warehouse on its YouTube channel, where it documents new products and announces events. DFTBA Records' merchandise extends past music, and includes merchandise such as T-shirts and posters.
In March 2014, several artists and creators signed under DFTBA Records were at the center of controversial sexual abuse cases. These artists were dropped from the label, and both Hank and John responded to these circumstances, and began working with a group of Nerdfighters, including "survivors of sexual abuse," to begin a "task force against abuse and assault." Additionally, Hank posted a video onto the VlogBrothers channel, and in it, he discussed sexual abuse, sexual consent, as well as the culture surrounding sexual activities.
In June 2014, Lastufka announced that would be selling his entire stake in DFTBA Records, and resigning as the label's president, to pursue other projects. During an interview, Lastufka stated "Over the last few years I worked on the big ideas or product designs less and less, as my position transformed into brokering deals with brick and mortar stores and meeting with cart developers," and added "I would get a little jealous when art assignments that once went to me by default were being hired out because I just didn't have the time."
The Green brothers have been constantly seeking to educate their viewers on various topics. Since late 2011 and early 2012, the two have been launching and working on several educational channels. Among these channels include Crash Course, SciShow (including its Space and Psych spinoffs), The Brain Scoop (since spun off), Sexplanations, How to Adult, and Mental Floss. In an interview with The Washington Post, John Green stated, "I think people support Crash Course and SciShow because they want for Crash Course and SciShow to exist and they believe in our mission to make educational content for free, for everyone, for ever." The brothers have been described as, "one of the main voices in YouTube's vibrant education community." These channels are operated under the company name of Complexly.
Crash Course and SciShow
Crash Course is an educational channel that was launched by Hank Green and John Green as an educational channel as part of YouTube's original channel program. Crash Course launched a preview on December 2, 2011. Initially, John presented the humanities courses, while Hank presented with the sciences, though the channel has since expanded to include other hosts such as Craig Benzine and Phil Plait. Crash Course was funded by YouTube's $100 million original channel initiative. The graphics of Crash Course videos are created by Thought Café (formerly Thought Bubble).
SciShow is a series of science-related videos on YouTube hosted by Hank and Michael Aranda. SciShow, like Crash Course, was launched as an original channel. Several scientific fields are covered by SciShow. Among these are organic and thermodynamic chemistry, physics, geology, climatology, astronomy and astrophysics, evolutionary biology, psychology and several miscellaneous fields. The topics on videos uploaded onto SciShow varied; for example, one video detailed the origins of "cute". SciShow landed a national advertisement campaign deal with YouTube, in 2014. As a result, the channel was promoted through several platforms, including billboard ads, as well as a television commercial featured during the fifth season premiere of The Walking Dead. A spin-off titled, SciShow Space, launched in 2014, dedicating itself to space related news, discoveries and space related science. Hank Green also hosts the channel, although he is joined by co-hosts Reid Reimers and Caitlin Hofmeister.
Other educational channels
Additionally, Hank Green helped Emily Graslie to launch The Brain Scoop, in early 2013. The channel focuses on taxidermy, biology, and natural history. Prior to the channel's launch, Hank Green featured Graslie giving a tour of the University of Montana's Philip L. Wright Zoological Museum on one of his Vlogbrothers videos. Green's fans positively responded to video, suggesting for Graslie to host her own channel, leading Green to e-mail Graslie with an offer to assist her in the launch of this channel. Green later announced that the channel would launch in January 2013, helping the channel to spike to 20,000 subscribers prior to its first upload. The channel would upload videos from Montana, until Graslie became employed at Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History. In December 2014, the brothers sold the channel, for an undisclosed amount, to the Chicago-based museum. Regarding this transaction, Hank stated, "We helped create The Brain Scoop with Emily and Michael Aranda of our studio because she was just so passionate and enthusiastic about science, history, and her work. I am so proud and pleased that The Brain Scoop and Emily have found what is absolutely their best possible home."
Another educational channel, Mental Floss, based on a magazine of the same name, was launched in February 2013. John would host the channel's first series, The List Show. Prior to becoming a published novelist, Green wrote for the magazine, and attended Indian Springs School with the magazine's first editor, Neely Harris. The channel's success has been described as "somewhat of an outlier in the magazine industry," by The New York Times, as videos on the channel have outgained videos on other channels launched by magazine companies, such as Wired, and Vogue. The channel later added to its library of videos, launching The Big Question, and Misconceptions hosted by Craig Benzine and Elliott Morgan, respectively. Emerson College's Entertainment Monthly paper listed Mental Floss, as well as the aforementioned Crash Course as top five educational YouTube channels.
Hank Green also serves as the executive producer for Sexplanations, a channel dedicated to open and honest conversation and information about sex-related topics hosted by clinical sexologist Dr. Lindsay Doe. It was launched in June 2013.
In February 2014, Hank and John Green announced a new channel, How to Adult. The channel is "dedicated to teaching everything you need to know how to do as an adult that school never got around to." The channel is aimed at young people who have recently entered adulthood. The channel is hosted by vlogger Emma Mills (known as "Elmify" on YouTube) and Young Adult novelist T. Michael Martin. The Greens serve as the channel's Executive Producers.
Other web projects
Aside from the aforementioned projects, the Greens also created a sub-project of Vlogbrothers called Truth or Fail, an interactive game show on YouTube. The game is often themed, and consists of five rounds of two statements each, relating to the theme, with one statement being true, and the other being false.
Hank also launched a gaming channel, Hankgames. It featured Hank, his wife Katherine, John, and occasionally Charlie McDonnell and Michael Aranda playing video games such as Minecraft, New Super Mario Bros. Wii, and FIFA 11. Eventually, the channel's videos were predominantly uploaded by John to a point where Hank decided to create another gaming channel, called "Games With Hank", in 2014. However, the "hankgames" channel is still being used by John, as he continues to upload commentary over his FIFA gameplay. John's devotion for both the video game series and English football has led to Nerdfighteria being an official sponsor of the real football club, AFC Wimbledon. This is able to be accomplished through the monetary gain from the advertisements on the channel's videos.
More successfully, the Green Brothers have helped launch modernized adaptations of classic novels. The production company behind these is Pemberley Digital, which according to Hank Green's Reddit userpage, he helped co-create.
The first of these adaptations was, The Lizzie Bennet Diaries on YouTube in early 2012. The Lizzie Bennet Diaries was a web series adaptation of Jane Austen's novel, Pride and Prejudice. In 2013, The Lizzie Bennet Diaries won an Emmy Award for Original Interactive Program. Following the conclusion of the series, Emma Approved, a web series adaptation of Emma, another Austen novel, was launched in October 2013. In 2014, Pemberley Digital launched Frankenstein, MD, an adaptation of Mary Shelley's novel, Frankenstein, in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios.
On July 26, 2013, Hank Green made a video announcing the introduction of Subbable, a crowdfunding system to support various web series (both entertainment- and education-oriented). Users subscribe to creators and decide how much they want to pay to receive their content on either a recurring basis or with a one-time donation. The money that users spend to support various projects goes into a "perk bank" and can be redeemed for creator-determined perks such as signed posters or shoutouts in videos. The money that users donate goes immediately and directly to each creator, minus 5% of revenue that goes to Subbable itself to pay for overhead and server costs and roughly 5% that goes to Amazon to process payments. Subbable was originally created as a crowdfunding system to continue the production of CrashCourse at the termination of the 2-year Google grant that funded the project. Additionally, Subbable presents a $0 subscription option, offering the subscriber access to special emails, behind the scene videos and live shows.
Hank, who has been described as "idealistic" for the idea, explained that donations to projects on Subbable are voluntary, stating in his video, "We're asking, and this is weird, for you to pay for content because you want to, not because you're forced to. This is a weird cultural shift." John emphasized the point of the crowdfunding system's voluntary nature, "If you're authentic toward your community and don't focus on the ads, your audience will support you."
In March 2015, Subbable was acquired by Patreon. As part of the deal with Patreon, all 24 content creators signed to Subbable switched over to Patreon, and John joined Patreon as an advisor. Prior to the deal, Hank was already on the Patreon team as an advisor.
Dear Hank & John
In June 2015, the brothers started a weekly podcast titled Dear Hank & John. Taking a mainly humorous tone, each podcast opens with John reading a poem that he selected for the week before the brothers read a series of questions submitted by listeners and offering their advice. The podcast now opens with a "dad joke" from Hank and a piece of good news from John. The podcast closes with a news segment with two standard topics: Mars, presented by Hank, and AFC Wimbledon, presented by John. John was absent from a number of episodes during the summer of 2015 due to the Paper Towns publicity tour; various friends of the brothers filled in for him opposite Hank on those occasions.
The Green brothers' videos have been able to connect with their viewers, which are individually referred to as "Nerdfighters," and collectively referred to as "Nerdfighteria." Activities, events, and community symbols and terminology have been noted by various media outlets. Nerdfighters have adopted the initialism "DFTBA", standing for Don't forget to be awesome, as their slogan. The community has also developed a hand sign, which is similar to the Vulcan salute seen in Star Trek. Hank describes the community as "people who are pro-nerd: They fight for nerd culture, to celebrate intellectualism, to find and build spaces on the Internet that are devoted to engagement and meaningful conversation instead of distraction and echo-chambery conversations."
The Greens and Nerdfighters collaborate on various charitable endeavors, which the fanbase refers to as "decreasing" or "fighting world suck." Charitable events conducted by Nerdfighters include the aforementioned Project for Awesome, as well as loaning funds through Kiva.org, to entrepreneurs in developing nations. Additionally, a charity foundation, This Star Won't Go Out (TSWGO), was founded by Wayne and Lori Earl, the parents of Esther Earl.
Esther was an active member of Nerdfighteria, as well as an associated group, the Harry Potter Alliance (HPA), who died of thyroid cancer in 2010. Earl is an influential Nerdfighter, having started the Esther Day celebration, which has been described by HPA founder Andrew Slack, as "the first baggage-free holiday about love and gratitude." Another member of the community, Rosianna Halse Rojas, whom The New Yorker describes as a "pioneering nerdfighter," has the position of being John's personal assistant. However, John describes her as more than a PA, citing that, "she does many things—from project management to helping shape the strategic direction of our educational and charity projects." Daniel Biss, who serves as a member of the Illinois Senate's 9th district, has been referred to by John as, "Brotherhood 2.0's Resident Mathematician," and is also a member of the community. Additionally, Biss designed the mathematics formulas for John's novel, An Abundance of Katherines. Celebrities, including British actor Benedict Cumberbatch, and American rapper Lupe Fiasco, who has compared Crash Course to crack, have also been documented as Nerdfighters.
Personality and views
The Green brothers have discussed several educational, political, philosophical, and moral topics in their videos. Speaking about what subjects he would like to teach on the Crash Course channel, John stated, "I'm very interested in economics and personal finance (I sometimes post at r/personalfinance) and literature and philosophy and anthropology and the list goes on and on." Both Hank and John have been referred to as philosophers of sorts. Additionally, the Greens have been described as "charismatic, real, charmingly nerdy, and unquestionably talented," as well as "funny – an insightful, inclusive, not mean kind of funny," by The Wire, a sister site of The Atlantic. In their youth, the Greens' parents encouraged the brothers to discuss big issues at the dinner table, and John often argued about philosophy and ethics.
The brothers are accepting of their mistakes, often discussing them in their videos and online posts. Hank has admitted to being wrong on certain issues, such as with his misspelling and mispronunciation of the word diphthong. In a message directed towards the Nerdfighter community, Hank explained his acceptance of his mistakes, stating, "Embarrassment really isn't about being wrong, it's about feeling wrong, and it is hard for me to feel wrong here, because you guys are nice," and later adding "Being wrong is part of what it is to be a person."
John has also been recorded apologizing for a mistake. Regarding a scene in the film adaptation of The Fault in Our Stars, in which the character Hazel Grace initiates a kiss, John stated, "I just want to point out one thing here: When was the last time the girl kissed the boy in a teen romance? Ever? Has it happened ever? I seriously think it might not have happened ever." After some backlash, Green wrote, "In my exuberance for the film, I said something that was both flatly wrong and offensive, and I appreciate being called out on it, and I’m sorry."
Both John and Hank have expressed their liking for online video as a platform and culture. Their careers are heavily invested upon online video, and in 2010, they founded the aforementioned VidCon. Hank and John founded the event, believing that somebody else would do so eventually, and that video blogging was becoming more of an industry. Hank has been documented to be active in the crowdfunding field, and would establish Subbable, allowing online content creators to have an alternative funding source aside from video advertising.
In a 2015 speech spoken to advertising executives at YouTube's Brandcast event, John stated, "I and the most passionate creators on YouTube...we're not in the distraction business. We're in the community business, and number of eyeballs is a terrible metric for my business." John elaborated on his valuing of engagement and connection over raw viewing numbers stating, "I don't care how many people watch or read something I make. I care how many people love what I make."
The Green brothers have discussed religion in their videos. However, in one video, John states that religion is a, "topic we've been reluctant to discuss over the years, mostly because the quality of discourse about religion on the internet is atrocious."
On his website, John writes that he is a Christian, introducing a blog post with, "I don't talk about it very often, but I'm a religious person. In fact, before I became a writer, I wanted to be a minister. There is a certain branch of Christianity that has so effectively hijacked the word "Christian" that I feel uncomfortable sometimes using it to describe myself. But I am a Christian." Green has also stated, in an interview, that he belongs to the Episcopalian branch of the religion. At the same time, John disagrees with the notion that creationism should be brought back into schools' educational curriculums, stating, "What science has taught us does not invalidate religious faith, and to those evangelical Christians who believe otherwise, I would respectfully say that you are placing too much faith in the power of science." Green adds, "Science has given so much to the experience of being a creature on this planet. But it does not render our spiritual lives irrelevant." Additionally, John, has stated, "Ultimately, there are Muslims who I have more theologically in common with than many of my fellow Christians." Early in his YouTube career, John made jokes about Young Earth creationism, which offended some viewers. Although he stood by his pro-evolution beliefs, he also apologized for his comments, stating, "It's a privilege to have a platform to talk about things you care about, but it's an irrevocable privilege. I try to take it seriously," adding, "It's wrong to make people feel other and separate."
Hank, too, has been reluctant to discuss his religion. In 2011, he responded to his reluctance to answer questions regarding his religion, stating, "People are asking, because they want to inform their opinions of me with this little one word answer that says so very little about who I actually am." Later in 2016, during a podcast, Hank expressed, "I'm so jealous of religious people, man. They just know what to do."
Existentialism and human complexity
The Greens have often discussed the topic of existential anxiety and an existential crisis. John, in particular, has included themes of existentialism in his novels, notably, The Fault in Our Stars. The two main characters of the novel, Hazel and Augustus, bond over existentialism and philosophy. Another theme in Green's works, including The Fault in Our Stars, is the complex imagination of others. Green has commented on the character of aforementioned Nerdfighter, Esther Earl, stating she, "had a wonderful gift for imagining others and for imagining them very complexly." Green incorporated this aspect of Earl's personality into the novel. Additionally, Green has stated, "while the world talks about young people's insularity and solipsism, they're creating a fascinating and complex world of deep engagement online, a world in which they are not just watching content but becoming part of it by being community members whose comments and fanfiction and artwork and passion have profound impacts on the broader culture."
Hank has spoken about human dreams of success. On the topic, Hank has stated, "There are problems with the institutions of dreams, [but] I am in favor of them. We need something to push us to work 16-hour days sometimes. We need something to drive us to be better, and weirder, and different, but I think if we let that one thing drive us, it's a failure of imagination, and we miss opportunities." Hank would add, "In the end, it's not about finding success, it's about building the number of things you're capable of, because then you could do more interesting things, and we need people to do interesting things in the world."
Both John and Hank have often discussed political and governmental topics in their videos. Hank, in particular, is a strong advocate of young Americans taking advantage of their right to vote. John has also advocated for this, and has written that for years after he turned 18, he did not participate in voting. During this period, John "found politics boring and divisive," believing that politics and voting were a waste of his time. Green adds to this, stating, "I was going to be a writer, and the great writers (I thought) transcend the minor quibbles of their historical moments. Writers focus on the big questions; politics, I thought, is about the small questions." However, as Green matured during his adult years, he has developed a belief that, "the big questions—about our environment, our responsibilities to one another, our rights as citizens—are political questions." In 2016, while speaking on the SourceFed Podcast, Hank expressed that he has become "less liberal".
John has stated that he is an independent voter who has voted for many Republican, as well as Democratic politicians. Additionally, the Greens once created a YouTube channel, registered under the username, obamasidiots. Although, as John stated, "the project went nowhere," the channel was created to raise money for Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign.
In 2015, Hank, along with fellow online media personalities, GloZell and Bethany Mota, conducted personal interviews with United States President Barack Obama, following the 2015 State of the Union Address. Though the approach was somewhat different from previous years, having the three conduct interviews continued the White House's efforts to "speak directly to the American people online." Some of the questions Green and his fellow online personalities asked were collected from social media input. CNN's Senior White House correspondent, Jim Acosta was critical of the decision to have Obama be interviewed by the media personalities. Acosta stated, "None of them are professional journalists. They're people who post videos on YouTube," sarcastically adding, "I'm just curious: Was 'Charlie Bit My Finger' or 'David After Dentist' not available?" In response to Acosta, Hank tweeted, "I think sometimes we need to think about how to involve people who are not reached by legacy media in the conversation. That's all." Acosta subsequently replied, "No sense of humor @hankgreen? Totally agree. Good luck." John then defended Hank via a Tumblr post. Coincidentally, John had previously participated in a Fireside Hangout on Google+ with Obama, with the President even reciting the commonly used phrase by Nerdfighters to conclude one of his answers to John's questions.
Gender and sexual orientation
While both being married heterosexual men, Hank and John Green are supporters of LGBT rights. Arguing against those who say homosexuality is unnatural, Hank Green states that, "the most natural thing in the world is complexity, and gender, and sexual orientation are proven over and over again to not be firm lines." Hank adds, "To me, there's only one argument that matters for gay marriage: That all people in our country should be seen as equals in the eyes of the law." After receiving high ratings on his vlog centered on same-sex marriage, Hank stated, "It's stuff like that where I feel like we're making the world a better place, and resonating with how people feel about new cultural ideas, and really being a part of the cultural evolution toward a better way of understanding each other and the world."
In 2009, John posted a video, expressing his frustrations with the usage of the word gay as an insult. The word was being used to describe John, despite the fact that, at the time, it was already known that he was married to a woman. In the video, John stated, "Ultimately, gay will never work as an insult, because it's not bad."
When asked by a Reddit user whether he identifies as a feminist, John Green replying with an anecdote from his childhood, "Yes, I do. My hardcore badass feminist mom told both my brother and me that we were feminists from the time we were like two years old, so if she ever heard me saying I wasn't a feminist she'd fly to my house and smack me upside the head."
The Green brothers' projects have had varying effects on the YouTube community, nerd culture, young-adult fiction, and other fields. One such effect is that of the Green brothers' fanbase, Nerdfighteria, which has been utilized to accomplish charitable actions. Aside from charity, however, several Nerdfighter clubs have been launched as an extracurricular activity at universities such as the University of Maryland and Auburn University. Nerdfighters use the collaborative nature of Nerdfighteria to schedule offline meetups, which on occasion, include the Greens themselves. The New Yorker has described the community as "strikingly civil and constructive for an Internet subculture."
The Greens have also influenced online videos, prompting individuals to create their own vlogs. Additionally, Hank has stated "We really believed in the importance of online video as a cultural form."
Another influence is that of John's novels, which are of the young adult fiction genre. In 2013, A. J. Jacobs of The New York Times reviewed Winger by Andrew Smith. In the review, Jacobs coined the term GreenLit, a play on John's surname, Green and the word literature, to describe "realistic stories told by a funny, self-aware teenage narrator," that include, "sharp dialogue, defective authority figures, occasional boozing, unrequited crushes and one or more heartbreaking twists." The Wall Street Journal also noted "The John Green bump", an effect which includes "a blurb or Twitter endorsement from Mr. Green", that, "can ricochet around the Internet and boost sales." The term has been criticized by Green himself, as he disagrees with the concept that he is singlehandedly responsible for launching any one individual's career, or propelling an individual to success.
Nonetheless, Green's novels have been successful, leading him to be included on Time's 2014 "100 Most Influential People" list. Shailene Woodley, who portrayed the main character of The Fault in Our Stars, Hazel Grace Lancaster, in the novel's film adaptation, wrote the piece on Time's list for Green, describing him as a "teen whisperer."
- Green, Hank (October 5, 2014). "Do Other People's YouTube CPMs Look This Good?". Medium. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Browning, Skylar (August 26, 2013). "Missoula's Hank Green wins an Emmy". Missoula Independent. Big Sky Press. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Best Sellers – Children's Chapter Books". The New York Times. January 29, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Alter, Alexandra (May 14, 2014). "John Green and His Nerdfighters Are Upending the Summer Blockbuster Model". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Weber, Jonathan (April 11, 2006). "EcoGeek Makes a Splash in Debut". New West. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Roston, Eric (April 17, 2008). "EcoGeek". Time. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- RedEye, Stephanie Lulay (December 7, 2009). "I'm with the bandwidth". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Kaufman, Leslie (January 16, 2013). "A Novelist and His Brother Sell Out Carnegie Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Lindquist, David (September 26, 2014). "Green's success born of lessons learned hard way". Washington Times. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Romano, Aja (August 20, 2012). "DFTBA: Behind the Vlogbrothers' Nerdfighters movement". The Daily Dot. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Green, Hank (March 16, 2007). March 16th: Mom, ZeFrank, and Stock Options. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Peterson, Andrea (February 11, 2014). "The Green brothers say someone on Vine will make them irrelevant. 'Which is great.'". Washington Post. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- "Video Blogger Hank Green Fuses Punk Rock And Nerd Culture in Cambridge". Radio Boston. 90.9 WBUR. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Dickinson, Chrissie (April 16, 2015). "Hank Green is all about the passion". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Talbot, Margaret (June 9, 2014). "The Teen Whisperer". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Garcia, Antero (October 11, 2013). Critical Foundations in Young Adult Literature: Challenging Genres. Sense Publishers. p. 112. ISBN 978-94-6209-397-3. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- Romano, Aja (June 26, 2014). "The definitive guide to the Vlogbrothers family tree". The Daily Dot. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- Struckman, Robert (December 30, 2007). "A Year of Sincerity and Humor with Brotherhood 2.0". New West. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Schatz, Amy (October 27, 2007). "Local Politics, Web Money". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Green, Hank; Green, John (December 31, 2007). Dec 31: Goodbye Brotherhood 2.0. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (March 11, 2013). "YouTube Millions: Hank Green On Vlogbrothers' Success". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Project for Awesome: 5 years of doing good". YouTube Official Blog. Blogspot. December 8, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- "Project for Awesome about". Project for Awesome. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- Saleem, Muhammad (December 18, 2007). "How 2 Nerdfighters Took Over YouTube". ReadWrite. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Pham, Alex (July 10, 2010). "Vidcon conference celebrates YouTube culture". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Carrasco, Ed (February 5, 2013). "VidCon Returns to Anaheim, Anticipates 10,000 Attendees". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
- Graham, Jefferson (August 4, 2013). "Vidcon brings out YouTube fans". USA Today. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (June 3, 2013). "10,000 People Expected in Anaheim For Fourth Annual Vidcon". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Crum, Chris (September 29, 2009). "Record Label Launched for YouTube Stars". Web Pro News. Archived from the original on March 11, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "YouTube Musicians Launch a Label". YouTube Official Blog. Blogspot. September 28, 2009. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Dieker, Nicole (July 1, 2014). "Talking to Alan Lastufka About Starting DFTBA Records With Hank and John Green and What's Next". The Billfold. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Bylin, Kyle (January 11, 2011). "An Interview With DFTBA Records Co-Founder Alan Lastufka on Running A Digital Music Label". Hypebot. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Addington, Catherine (March 14, 2014). "Sexual Abuse Allegations Rock YouTube Community". NYU Local. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (March 18, 2014). "Vlogbrothers Set Up Task Force, Fund Series To Curb Sexual Abuse". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Green, Hank (March 14, 2014). Sexual Abuse, Consent, and Culture. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Holst, Lindsay (January 22, 2015). "Happening Today: YouTube Creators Interview President Obama Live from the White House". WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- Pot, Justin (April 7, 2012). "Crash Course: Entertaining YouTube Courses On History & Biology". MakeUsOf. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Leib, Bart (March 23, 2012). "Scishow & Crash Course: Why Isn't School This Cool?". Geekdad. Wired. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Roettgers, Janko (February 16, 2012). "A first look at YouTube's new TV stars". GigaOM. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Green, John (December 2, 2011). Crash Course Preview. Crash Course. YouTube. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Shore, Jennifer (November 9, 2012). "How 2 Brothers Turned a YouTube Experiment into a Charitable Mission". Mashable. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Flahert, Joseph (May 13, 2013). "Thought Café's Altruistic Animated Infographics Help Nonprofits Grow". Wired. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Stone, Madeline (October 17, 2014). "These Brothers Created Such A Hit YouTube Channel That The Company Paid Them To Start A New One". Business Insider. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Goodman, William (September 6, 2012). "A double-dose of Internet education for you (on the history of "cute" and "spam")". CBS News. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Stone, Madeline (October 15, 2014). "Meet The Science Nerd Whose Face Is About To Be Plastered on YouTube Ads Everywhere". Business Insider. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- SciShow Space Launch. SciShow. YouTube. March 26, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (February 26, 2013). "Watch Animals Get Dissected With Disgusting, Fascinating 'Brain Scoop'". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Deutschmann, Jennifer (December 5, 2013). "Emily Graslie Responds To Sexist Comments From Fans". Inquistir. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Potter, Janet (January 27, 2014). "How Emily Graslie went from YouTube science star to full-time at the Field Museum". Chicago Reader. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Brouwer, Bree (December 4, 2014). "Vlogbrothers Sell 'The Brain Scoop' Channel To Chicago's Field Museum". Tubefilter. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Haugney, Christine (August 31, 2014). "Mental Floss Is Buoyed by Online Video". The New York Times. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (September 2, 2014). "Wheezy Waiter Answers Questions in New Series on Mental Floss Channel". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (October 17, 2014). "Elliott Morgan's Mental Floss Web Series Debunks Common Misconceptions". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Singletary, Shannan (October 1, 2014). "Top Five Educational YouTube Channels". Entertainment Monthly. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Browning, Skylar (August 26, 2013). "Missoula's Hank Green wins an Emmy". Missoula Independent. Big Sky Press. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Green, Hank (February 17, 2014). "ANNOUNCEMENT DAY! "How to Adult" exists!". Tumblr. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Mccallum, Laura (September 29, 2014). "Learning how to adult". The Medium. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Riggs, Ransom (February 26, 2010). "Truth or Fail: the YouTube Game Show". Mental Floss. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (April 2, 2013). "John Green Talks 'Crash Course', 'Hank Games', And Hats in Reddit IamA". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Green, Hank (September 19, 2014). The Oculus Rift is Freakin Me Out. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- "Deal with John and Nerdfighters announced". AFC Wimbledon. July 9, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Nathan, Fred (January 9, 2014). "Yanks very much! Best-selling author makes shock pledge to 'the most awesome club in the world'... AFC Wimbledon". Daily Mail. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Green, Hank (December 27, 2013). "I am Hank Green, co-host of Vlogbrothers, Mental Floss, Crash Course, and SciShow. Professional YouTuber and guy who talks about science. AMA". Reddit. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Hasan, Heba (April 24, 2012). "Pride and Prejudice, the Web Diary Edition". Time. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Whyte, Marama (September 16, 2013). "'The Lizzie Bennet Diaries' team hit the red carpet to celebrate Emmy win". Hypable. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Poletick, Rachel (August 22, 2013). "How 'The Lizzie Bennet Diaries' Won Over an Audience and the Emmys Jury". Yahoo! TV. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (August 2, 2013). "'Lizzie Bennet Diaries' Team Will Take on Jane Austen's 'Emma' Next". Tubefilter. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Carrie, Stephanie (September 4, 2013). "Emma Approved: Creators of The Lizzie Bennet Diaries Try Another Jane Austen Series". LA Weekly. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Linnell, Christine (May 5, 2014). "New Series: "Frankenstein M.D."". Pemberley Digital. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Lindquist, David (February 17, 2014). "Will you accept Sarah Urist Green's 'Art Assignment'?". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "PBS Digital Studios Announced New Collaboration With YouTube Star and Best-Selling Author John Green". PBS. September 24, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- Green, Hank (July 26, 2013). Introducing Subbable. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Jaworski, Michelle (July 22, 2013). "Vlogbrothers launch Subbable, an alternative to YouTube subscriptions". The Daily Dot. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Dennis, Justin (December 9, 2013). "Can Subbable Change The Face of Online Content Creation?". MakeUseOf. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Subbable. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Manarino, Matthew (July 25, 2013). "Author/Creator John Green on Subbable and the Future of YouTube Advertising [INTERVIEW]". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (August 1, 2013). "John & Hank Green's Subbable Already Has $30K in Monthly Subscriptions". Tubefilter. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- Gutelle, Sam (March 16, 2015). "Patreon Acquires Subbable, Offers $100,000 in Matching Contributions". 'Tubefilter. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Pham, Alex (March 16, 2015). "Patreon Acquires Subbable, Aligning the YouTube Stars". Forbes. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Buhr, Sarah (March 16, 2015). "Patreon Acquires Artist Subscription Competitor Subbable". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Dalenberg, Alex (March 16, 2015). "Patreon 'joins forces' with a YouTube colossus, the Vlogbrothers". Upstart. The Business Journals. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Green, Hank and John. "Dear Hank & John". SoundCloud. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Dean, Michelle (March 13, 2013). "A Note on Nerdfighters". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Fiztpatrick, Anna (June 4, 2014). "Intro to Nerdfighters 101: A John Green Primer". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Baker-Whitelaw, Gavia (September 18, 2013). "John Green fandom 101: Nerdfighters, Vlogbrothers, and pizza". The Daily Dot. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Garcia, Antero (October 11, 2013). Critical Foundations in Young Adult Literature. Sense Publishers. p. 4. ISBN 978-94-6209-397-3. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- "Shailene Woodley, 'Fault in Our Stars' Movie Star, Learns Nerdfighter Salute (VIDEO)". Huffington Post. July 25, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Green, John; Green, Hank (December 27, 2009). How To Be a Nerdfighter: A Vlogbrothers FAQ. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Kligler-Vilenchik, Neta (June 27, 2014). "Nerdfighters: The Online Community Behind the Box-Office Hit". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Reimold, Dan (December 5, 2011). "Student nerdfighters unite! Geeky movement aims to fight 'world suck'". Voice from Campus. USA Today. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Flowers, Lennon (June 23, 2014). "How Harry Potter Fans Are Changing Hollywood – And The World". Forbes. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Green, John (August 15, 2014). "I hope Rosianna will forgive me posting this video she made six years ago after meeting Hank and me for the first time". Tumblr. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Green, John (September 8, 2012). "Q: This whole nerdfighters for obama is making us republican nerdfighters a git uncomfortable. I realize that we are all entitled to our own opinions and everything, but for the last election you guys were so much less political..." Tumblr. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Nir, Oaz (September 2008). "Book Review: An Abundance of Katherines" (PDF). Notices of the AMS. American Mathematical Society. 55 (9): 1096–98. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Grose, Jessica (January 15, 2014). "The Green Movement". Mental Floss. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- Parra, Sara (October 22, 2014). "The 7 YouTube Philosophers You Just Can't Miss". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Malone, Clare; Thomson-Deveaux, Amelia (June 1, 2014). "Is 'The Fault in Our Stars' Author John Green His Generation's Pop Philosopher?". The American Prospect. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Doll, Jen (January 16, 2013). "John and Hank Green and Falling in Love With the World". The Wire. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Green, Hank (November 18, 2014). How to Never Feel Embarrassed Again. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Romano, Aja (June 9, 2014). "Sorry, the 'TFIOS' kiss isn't as groundbreaking as you hoped". The Daily Dot. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Dredge, Stuart (April 8, 2015). "YouTube: Hank Green tells fellow creators to aim for '$1 per view'". The Guardian. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Green, John (May 1, 2015). "I Don't Care How Many People Watch Something I Make. I Care How Many People Love What I Make". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Green, John (June 20, 2011). On Religion. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Green, John (June 24, 2011). On Religion (Redux). Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Green, Hank (June 22, 2011). Do You Believe in God?. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Green, John (September 23, 2008). "Faith and Science". John Green Books. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Interview: John Green". Marc McEvoy. The Sydney Morning Herald. January 21, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Hank Green and PhillyD Talkin' Rich - Sourcefed Podcast. SourceFed. YouTube. March 27, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- Green, John (June 27, 2014). World History, Year 2 Preview. Crash Course. YouTube. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- Syme, Rachel (January 17, 2012). "'The Fault in Our Stars': Love in a Time of Cancer". NPR. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Reddy, Emily (June 5, 2014). "The Fault in Our Stars by John Green". Penn State University Radio. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Italie, Leanne (June 6, 2014). "'Fault in Our Stars' author John Green talks Hollywood". Ocala. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Chilton, Martin (June 3, 2014). "John Green: The Fault in our Stars film is true to the book". The Telegraph. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Hank Green, Vlogbrothers/VidCon – XOXO Festival (2014). XOXO Festival. YouTube. October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Green, Hank (October 31, 2014). Ten Terrible Reason to not Vote (and two good ones). Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Green, John (October 30, 2012). "John Green: Writers Need to Get Political". The Daily Fig. Figment. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Green, John (October 22, 2012). "An Open Letter to Undecided American Voters". Tumblr. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Campbell, Colin (January 15, 2015). "Obama Will Give Exclusive Interviews To These Three YouTube Personalities". Business Insider. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Schulman, Kori (January 15, 2015). "State of the YOUnion: YouTube Creators Interview President Obama Live from the White House". WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Coldewey, Devin (January 15, 2015). "YouTube stars Mota, Hank Green and Glozell prepare to interview Obama". Today. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Adams, T. Becket (January 15, 2015). "White House sets digital-exclusive post-State of the Union interviews for Obama". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Green, Hank (January 15, 2015). "Hank Green – I think sometimes we need to think about how to involve people who are not reached by legacy media in the conversation. That's all". Twitter. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Acosta, Jim (January 15, 2015). "Jim Acosta – No sense of humor @hankgreen? Totally agree. Good luck". Twitter. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Green, John (January 15, 2015). "Back off my brother or I will take you down, Acosta". Tumblr. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- President Obama Participates in a Fireside Hangout on Google+. The White House. YouTube. February 14, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Kellogg, Carolyn (February 15, 2013). "See YA author John Green hang out with President Obama". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Green, John (June 29, 2009). GAY is NOT an INSULT. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- Green, Hank (May 11, 2012). Your Arguments Are Invalid: Gay Marriage. Vlogbrothers. YouTube. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- Greco, Patti (May 29, 2014). "Fault in Our Stars Author John Green Has a "Badass Feminist Mom"". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- DiGiorgio, Zoë (October 20, 2013). "Nerdfighters club on campus celebrates love of nerd culture while fostering community". Diamondback Online. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Barkdull, Megan (September 19, 2014). "Auburn Nerdfighters kick their way into becoming officially recognized". The Auburn Plainsman. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Perkins, Lucy (January 5, 2012). "Is this real life?: YouTube turns the personal into public". Michigan Daily. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Woodley, Shailene (April 23, 2014). "Author and teen whisperer". Time. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- "John Green is named to the TIME 100 Most Influential People List". Penguin. April 25, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Jacobs, A. J. (May 12, 2013). "Uneven Field". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2014.