|Founded||9 July 1930|
|Service area||Greater London, Home counties|
|Service type||Coach services|
|Hubs||Green Line Coach Station|
|Operator||Arriva Shires & Essex|
Green Line had its origin in the network of coach services established by the London General Omnibus Company (LGOC) in the 1920s and 1930s. After World War II, the network was part of London Transport Executive/London Transport Board, and from 1970 to 1986 was operated by London Country Bus Services.
Green Line Coaches Limited was formed on 9 July 1930 by the LGOC, which from 1927 had built up a network of coach services from London to towns up to 30 miles away, comprising 60 vehicles on eight routes. These services were largely started in response to the emergence of numerous small independent operators, often running single routes. As well as express services operated by LGOC, some were run by subsidiary companies such as East Surrey Traction & Autocar Services and some on LGOC's behalf by the National Omnibus & Transport Company. The Green Line livery and fleetname was rolled out across the existing express services.
New services quickly followed, with the number of routes increasing to 27 by October 1931 and the number of coaches to 275. Green Line also began to acquire some of its independent competitors. The laying over of coaches in central London began to create congestion, so, to relieve this, some routes were linked to form cross-London services, and a short-lived coach station was opened in Poland Street, Soho at the end of 1930.
On 1 July 1933, Green Line passed to the new London Passenger Transport Board and competing services within the London Passenger Transport Area were absorbed into the network. Various vehicles of numerous different types were inherited, and much effort was made in replacing these with a standardised fleet of vehicles from late 1936. Poland Street coach station was closed, and almost all routes were linked to run across London.
Services were suspended during World War II, resuming in February 1946. More services were added, and the routes were given numbers in the 700 series. Ridership increased to a peak of 36 million passenger journeys a year between 1957 and 1960. In 1962, AEC Routemaster double-deck coaches were introduced on some routes, notably route 721 which ran every 12 minutes at peak times, and route 704 conveying tourists to Windsor and Royal Tunbridge Wells. Orbital coach routes commenced:
- 724 from High Wycombe around the north of London to Romford
- 725 from Windsor around the south of London to Gravesend
- 727 from Crawley around the west of London to Luton
In 1970, London Transport became the responsibility of the Greater London Council, so control of Green Line was passed from London Transport to London Country Bus Services, part of the state-owned National Bus Company. Patronage was declining, partly as a result of increasing car use and quicker parallel rail services, and the last cross-London routes ceased in 1979.
The Transport Act 1980 deregulated coach services, and Green Line expanded services beyond its traditional area, to Cambridge (route 797), Oxford (routes 290 and 790, in conjunction with the Oxford Bus Company), Northampton and Brighton. New airport services also commenced:
- 747 Heathrow Airport to Gatwick Airport
- 757 London Green Line Coach Station to Luton Airport
- 767 London Green Line Coach Station to Heathrow Airport
- 777 London Green Line Coach Station to Gatwick Airport
In 1986, London Country was divided into four operating companies to prepare for privatisation. They were sold separately, and ownership of the Green Line network became fragmented, with only a few routes surviving. The airport services passed to Jetlink and are now operated by National Express.
The orbital route 726 was taken over by London Regional Transport in a reduced form and in April 2005 was renumbered London Buses route X26. By the mid-1990s, Arriva had become the owner of most of the London Country successor companies and became the owner of the Green Line brand. It licensed the brand to other operators: First Berkshire & The Thames Valley (700, 701 and 702), New Enterprise Coaches (routes 781 and 784 from 2005 to 2009) and Stephensons of Essex (routes X1 and X10 from 2002 until 2008).
Following closure of their Bracknell depot in 2015, First Berkshire services were revised and routes 700 and 701 were discontinued. Reading Buses took over operation of route 702 on 24 December 2017. On 8 May 2018, the 702 was withdrawn between Legoland Windsor and Bracknell. On the same day, route 703 was introduced under the Green Line brand, running between Heathrow Terminal 5 and Bracknell, replacing the withdrawn section.
In 2020, Arriva ordered a fleet of 16 new Mercedes-Benz Tourismo coaches for a new Green Line service (numbered 720) set to operate between Stanstead Airport and London Liverpool Street station. The service was due to start on the 1st April, but, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the start date has been postponed indefinitely. The new coaches are the first to have the refreshed Green Line logo and livery, and nine of them have been temporarily deployed to Luton for use on their 755 and 757, allowing older coaches to operate duplicate services on their Arriva UK Bus local services to aid with Covid-19 distancing measures.
- 702: Legoland, Windsor and Slough to London Green Line Coach Station (extended from Legoland to Bracknell and Reading at peak times)
- 703: Bracknell, Legoland, Windsor and Slough to Heathrow Terminal 5
- 724: Heathrow Airport to Harlow via St Albans
- 755/757: Luton and Luton Airport to London Green Line Coach Station
- 748/758/759: Hemel Hempstead to London Green Line Coach Station
Reading Buses use a fleet of fully branded Alexander Dennis Enviro400 and Enviro400 MMC buses on the 702 and 703 routes, previously having been used on local bus services. A fleet of brand new Optare MetroDeckers had been on order, but were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Arriva Shires & Essex use multiple types of vehicle on their routes. The 724 is operated by Mercedes-Benz Citaro single deck buses in standard Arriva livery with Green Line branding. The 755 and 757 are operated with Mercedes-Benz Tourismo coaches. Ten of these are white and branded for the 757, with 9 in the new Green Line livery. The 748, 758 and 759 are run with Temsa Safari vehicles in plain white, although regularly use the vehicles from the 755 and 757 services.
- History Archived 14 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine Green Line Coach Services
- Jones, DWK; Davis, BJ (1980). Green Line 1930-1980. Reigate: London Country Bus Services. pp. 4–17. ISBN 978-0-905009-02-5.
- Jones, DWK; Davis, BJ (1980). Green Line 1930-1980. Reigate: London Country Bus Services. pp. 22–35. ISBN 978-0-905009-02-5.
- The Coach RMs Archived 1 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Country Bus
- The Long Coaches Archived 1 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Country Bus
- Routemaster Double-deck Coaches for Green Line Routes Archived 2 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine Commercial Motor 29 June 1962
- Larger Routemaster Coaches for Green Line Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Commercial Motor 30 October 1964
- Green Line Coach Routes 724-799 Archived 16 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine E Plates
- Out on its own Archived 14 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine Commercial Motor 6 December 1986 page 54
- "Slow death of a Green Line orbital" Buses |issue 603 June 2005 page 19
-  Reading Buses
-  Greenline
-  Greenline
- Route 724 timetable[permanent dead link] Greenline
- Routes 755 & 757 timetable Archived 10 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine Greenline
- Route 758 timetable Archived 18 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine Greenline
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Green Line (London coach network).|